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History of the Parish of Llanyblodwel. By Mr Isaac Watkin.

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History of the Parish of Llanyblodwel. By Mr Isaac Watkin. Vol. XXXIV. iii. Collections Historical and Archaeological Relating To Montgomeryshire And Its Borders.


(delwedd B0921)


pp 1-80

pp 147-178





History of the Parish of Llanyblodwel. By Mr Isaac Watkin. Vol. XXXIV. iii. Collections Historical and Archaeological Relating To Montgomeryshire And Its Borders.





I. Name.

The name is derived from Llan, an inclosure, as
in per-llan {orchai-d), cor-lan (sheep fold), a sacred
inclosure, the precincts ot a monastery or a church, and
signified a church with its suiToundings long before the
formation of parishes ; and Btodwel, the meaning of
which is uncertain. Kyffin, in Golud yr Oes, refers to
a tradition that the name originated from a great
massacie which took place nsar tlie site of Blodwel
Hall, when a number of the bodies of the slain were
cast into a well near, and the water, thereby, became
so discoloured that the name Blood-well was given to
it.^ The well referred to remains to this day. In the
Domesday Record the place is called Bodowanham.
The termination ham is, probably, the Saxon " home,"
and Archdeacon Thomas, ni his History of the Diocese of
St. Afiaph, thinks that another part of the word — owan,
indicates y-wauib (a fiat marshy tract), as In Porthy-
waun, and that Llanyblodwaun was an earlier form of
the name of the place, or else that the latter half
wanham is a corruption of Vechan to distinguish it
from Modnorvawr. Accoi-ding to the Joseph Mon-is
MSS., it received its name from Wennan (or Gwen),
son of Sir Meiric de Powys, a descendant of Tudor

' This spot wiia, undoubtedly, the scene of many blowJy conflicts
during the period of occupation by the Romans, who, to defend the
rich mines iu the hill close by, poustructed several entrenchments ou
the hilL






Trevor (tenth century), who held the lordslup of the
district, and to whom, jointly with his brother Goronwy
(or Wrenoc), King John, in the second year of bis
reign, by deed, dated at Condover, August, 1200,
gi'anted the Lordship of Whittington, of which, Fulk
Fitz Warine had been temporarily deprived. In the
Norwich Taxation of 1253, it is given as " Ecc'a de
Blodvel." In the Escheat Roll, 56 Henry III. (1272),
it is written Bodowanhan, which may be read B6d-y-
weniian, that is, the residence of Wennan, and to have,
by the indifference or carelessness of English copyists
and writers in the matter of Welsh names, become
Llan-y-bod-wennan, Llan-j'-blodwan, and finally Llan-
yblodwel, as now written. By a deed of A.D. 1272,
which states that " Blodowanan, Clanoi'daffe, Bren,
and Blodnorvawr " (supposed by Eyton, in hia Hiftorif
of Shropshire, to be Blodwel, Glanyrafon, Bryn and
Cefnblodwel) were in the Walcheila of Oswestry and
involved a territory nearly equivalent to the present
parish (Thomas's Historic of the Diocese oj St. Asaph).
In a deed of one of the Fitz Alans, dated in the time of
Henry VI. (1422), it is called Blodwall Vawre Villata,
that IS, the Vill of Great Blodwel, and in the pedigrees
of the ancient families of the [mrish some are mentioned
as living in Blodwel Fechan (lesser Blodwel). Whether,
however, the name "Blodwel" be Saxon, from "hlood"
and " wold" where a battle has been fought between
the Mercians and the Welsh, or from the Welsh
" Jiloden," i.e., fiowers, from the warm and sunny
aspect of the parish, Dukes, in his Aittiipiiiie^s of
Shropshire, leaves it to the decision of etymologists,
Saxon and Britisli, to settle ; but the best suggestion
to my mind is " Blaid-wal," i.e., a division line,
boundary between two peoples, or wall of contention,
as given in Willis's Survey of St. Asaph (1719), from
the fact that Offa's Dyke runs iurther into the marches
here than in any other part of its course. As most
parishes in Wales and tlie Border Counties were
named after the saint to whom the Church was





dedicated at its foundation, this parish is frequently
described as Uanfifianffel St. Michael's, and more
fully Llanfihangel-ym-nilodwel.

II. Situation.

According to a map showing the ancient divisions of
Wales, preparetl by Dr. Owen Pughe in 1788 and
published in Warrington's History f.f Wahs, and a
Description of Wales, by Sir John Price, 1559,
edited by Humphrey Llwyd, and printed in Dr. David
Powel's Histone of Cambria, 1584, that part of Llany-
blodwel parish whicli lies north of the river Tanat
appears in the Cantref of Croesoswallt (Oswestry), in
the province of Powys Fadog ; and the other part south
of the Tanat, in the Commot of Mechain-is-y-coed, in
Cantref y Fernwy, in the pi-oviuce of Powys Wenwyn-
wyn ; all in the kingdom of Mathialal. To this kingdom
belonged the country of Powys and the land Ixjtween
the rivers Wye and Severn, which part had upon the
south and west Brycheiniog, with the rivers Wye and
Tywy, upon the north Gwynedd, and upon the east
the Marches of Wales, stretching from Chester to the
Wye, above Hereford. At another time (1264) a
direct line from Holt, Denbighshire, to Pengwern
(Shrewsbury) was suggested. Tlie division of Wales,
for political and administrative purposes, into caiitrefs
and cwmwds, or commots—

" Twelve manors and two hamlets there are in a
cwmwd, the two hamlets ought to Ix; to answer to
the necessity of the K'mg."— WtLsh Laws —
is mentioned by some writers as having been carried
out by Dyfiiwal Moelmud, who flourished in the sixtli
century, for the system was considered ancient in the
days ot'Hywel Dda (930). A cantref which comprised
2,5G0 acres, "no more no less" {Welsh Laivs), and
was ruled Ijy a suboidinate territorial chief, is popularly
supposed to he similar to the Eiiglisli hundred, a
collection of one hundred trefs (derived from tribus) or






townships {^Report of Welsh Land Commission). The
EngUsh hundred, in the first instance granted by the
King to particular persons, is a division introduced
about the time of Edgar (A.D. 950), and into Wales
by the Statute of Rhuddlan, 1284 ; counties, bai-onies,
or lordships being divisions of the feudal period, but
the date of the formation of a parish ae an ecclesiastical
division cannot be ascertained, for in the early ages of
Christianity in this country parishes were unknown.
Camden maintained that parishes were formed by
Archbishop Honorius about the year 630, before which
it is said that the Clergy lived in community, but as a
civil area it appeai-s to have been introduced A.D. 970.
As the hundred of Oswestry, which comprised a part
of Llanyblodwel, was not joined to the County of
Salop until the 27th year of the reign of Henry VIII.
(1536), it may be concluded that this parish, which
still retains its Welsh place-names, was reckoned to
be in Wales. As to the township of Abertanat, it was
coupled with, and tieated as part of, the Welsh county
of Meriouetb. In a Mandate issued 24 May, 1297 (25
Edward I.), and given to the Goodmen and whole com-
munity of that county (with other Welsh places), to
give credence to John de Havering, Justice of North
Wales, and William de Cycons, Constable of the Castle
of Aberconeway, appointed to give them instructions
touching their sei-vice with the King beyond seas ; and
again, in a Commission of Oyer and Terminer (15 June,
1299), to William de Mortuo Mari and WdUam de
Deen, touctiing trespass committed upon Roger Trum-
wyne and loan his wife, by Ha" isia late the wife of
Griffin de la Pole, in the land of Powys {Calendar of
Patent Itolh); and in the KaJendars of (hiynedd, com-
piled by the late Mr. Ed. Breese, it is stated that,
anterior to 34 and 35 Henry VIII. (1543) it was taken
and reputed to be and used as a parcel of the County of
Merioneth ; but by an Act passed in that yeai', it was
united to, annexed and made parcel of the County of
Salop (Bye-Gunes, July 1887,), and in 1549 was trana-





feried from the lordship of Penllyn in Merioneth, with
which it had been held as a portion of the ancient
patrimony of Rhirid Flaidd, to the lordship of Oswes-
try. ^

The parish is sitiiated about ! 69 miles north west
from London, and 18 from the county town of Shrews-
bury, in the extreme north western part of the County
of Salop, and, according to modern arrangements, is in
the Western or Oswestry Division of the County for
Parliamentary pui-poses and in the Hundred and Petty
Sessional Division and Poor Law Union and Highway
and Sanitary District of Oswestry. It is abutted on
the north side by the parish of Oswestry and part of
Llansilin, on the west by Llansilin and Llangedwyn in
Denbighshire, on the south by LlansantfFraid in Mont-
gomeryshire, and on the east by Llanymynech and
Oswestry in Shropshire. Along the west and south
sides runs the boundaiy between Shropshire in England
and the counties of Denbigh and Montgomery in
Wales, the latter commencing at the confluence of the
Cynllaith with the Tanat, near Penybont-llanerch-

III. Makokial.

A Manor (probably from Latin, manere, to stay or
dwell) seems to have been a district of ground held by
a lord or chief person, who kept in bis own hands, in
dominio or demesne, so much land as he needed, the
residue l>eing uncultivated and held in common by tlie
lord and his tenants. The Lord of the Manor held
jurisdiction over the tenants, and established a court
lor collecting his dues, redressing misdemeanors and
settling disputes. The Court was presided over by
the lord or his steward (Maer), and records of the pro-
ceedings were kept, but there do not apjiear to be any
such in existence relating to the Manor of Dujrarts, in
which the townships of Blodwel, Bryn and Llynclys





are situated. This manor forms part of tlie Barony of
Powys. The province of Powys was at one time the
chief possession of the Princes of Powys, and is very
ancient, for a reference thereto in the authentic
memorial on the Pillar of Eliseg, near Valle Crucis
Abbey, Llangollen, goes so far back as the sixth cen-
tury. The niscription runs *" This is the Etise^ who
recovered his inheritance of Povosia after the death of
Cattell by force out of the power of the Angles by his
sword .... fire." '

At the death of Rhodri Mawr, King of Wales, iti 877,
the kingdom was divided between Ins three sons, the
principality of Powys falling to the share of Merfvii,
•and one of his successoi'S was Bleddyn ab Cvniyn

In 1068, " Meredith and Ithel, sonnes ot Gniffyth ap
Llewelyn (Bleddyn's half brother), raised a great power

' (jwciirhiftii Gwynedd'u Ilittori/ of SelaltyH.

^ The devolutioii from Bleddyn will be more easily followed with
the help of the following sketch pedigree : —

!""""!' 1 I

Rhiwttllon. - Bleddjn^. ... I Gruffydd ap Ltewelyn=f=

>[ere<iith nji Bledilj'n

Rhirid Flaidd
Gwrgcneu ap Collwyn

Annestu-rltliel, Lord of Brj-n, Meredyth.

i»riri-in!ii, Lord Genln^Ie«-f Gwalchuuii s
of I'ciillvn, { Mpilir

jure uviirfs. | Trtfeilir

Eitiicm iL]i Gwukhmoi.

, =f Collwjn ap Moreiddig.

_ 1.

, . , d. of Cynfyii Hirdref, Lord of Kevin.





against Blethynand Rywalhon, Kings of North Wales,
and met with them at a place called Mechain, where
after a long fight there were slain upon the one part
Ithel, and upon the other part Rywalhon, and Mere-
dith put to flight whome Blethyn pursued so straight-
lie, that he starved for cold and hunger ufjon tlie
mountains, and so Blethyn the son ot Cynfyn remained
the onlie King of Powys and North Wales." — (Powel).

Bleddyo ab Cynfjn l»b cwys

Ei hull biocdd hen Bowys

Rhj-8 Cain.
His ensign was the Lion of Powys. — " The ruddy Lion
ramping, in gold."

In Lloyd's Histoi-y of Pouys Fadog it is stated
that the township of Bryn formed part of the inheri-
tance of Ithel, who was called lord of the Bryn, He
married Annesta, daughter of Cynfyn, and sister of
Bleddyn, Prince of Powys. By this lady Ithel had
issue, a son, Ednowain, who bore ai'gcni three wolves,
courant in pale sable, armed and langued tjideg, collared
of the field. He succeeded to the lordship of Bryn with
" Llanfihangel y Pennant," and married Generys,
daughter of Rhys Sais, lord of Chirk and Oswestry
(1070), fourth from Tudor Trevor, a great chieftain
living in the tenth century. (.ine of Edncwain's
daughters, named Genliedles, married Gwalchmai ah
Meilir of TrevelHr in Cwmwd Malldraeth (son of
Mabon ab larddwr ab Mon ab Tegerin, who was
descendefl from Cunedda Wledig, King of ?»'orth
Wales), by whom she was the mother of Einion ab
Gwalchmai. Gwrgeneu, a son of the said Ednowain,
and chief of the fourteenth noble tribe of Gwynedd,
and who succeeded him in the lordship, married
Generys, daughter of Bleddyn, and from his wife's
half-brother, Meredydd ab Bleddyn, he obtained the
lordship of Penllyn, comprising some parishes around
Bala, which then was a tief of the Prmces of Powys.
By his wife, Generys, he had issue, Rhirid Ftaidd,
who lived about the middle of the eleventh century.






He tcKjk his surname from his maternal ancestor, " Y
Blaidd KhmlJ," or the Bloody Wolf of Gest in Pen-
moi-fa, and succeeded his father, G«'rgenau, in the
lordship of Penllyn, His character is thus described
by the Bard Cynddelw : " I have a friendly wolf that
stands by me to crush the insulting foe. It is not the
forest wolf, scattering the harmless flock, but the wolf
of the field of battle, albeit at times he is mild and

A poem in honour of Hhirid Flaidd, lord of Penllyn :
Kyndelw ae cant y ririd vleit ex. p. altnd et pliuat : —

Miie ym ^leit am car om caffael wrlhaw

Ym wrthep arcbauael
Nyd bleit coed coll yr auael
Namwyn bleit maes moessawc bael
Cleddjf clod wasgar a wisgaf ar glun

nvg uy llun al's Uassar
Cleddyf cloynneu hygar
Cleddyf Rind Uleit viae ngar
Priodawr Pennant pennaf vchelwr

uchelwyr uodrydaf
Nyd y uleit preit y prydaf
Namyn y vleit glyw y glewhaf

(Lloyd's History ofPowys Fadog, i. 326 )

In addition to the Btyn it appears that Pennant
Melan^ell in Mechain-is-y-coed, Glyn In Powysland,
the Eleven Towns, in the lordship of Oswestry and
Eifionydd in Cantref Dunodig were portions of Rhirid's
outlying properties. He was ancestor of the Myddel-
tons of Chirk Castle and other noted Welsh families,
and dwelt at a place called Nueddau Gleision in the
township of Rhiwaedog, near Bala, and as Pennant
Melangell Church received a contribution of tithe
called " Degwm cyrch march -y- Person " (oats for the
Parson's horse) from the township of Bryn, its connec-
tion with the church of this parish, by the representa-
tion of the bare on the carved screen, and fragments oi
sepulchral stone now to be seen here, may be in that
way explained and illustrated.





Rhirid's sister mairied CoUwyn ab Moreiddig, and
had issue, a son, Gwrgenau ab CoUwyn, who became
lord of Bryn, and married a daughter of Cynfyn
Hiifhef, lord of Nevin.

In the middle oi the 1 Gth century David ab
Meredydd ab Gruffydd ab Jenkyn Pen of Pentre
Sianyd (or Pentre Siencyn) bad the lordship, which
was about tliat time transferred to the lordsliip of
Oswestry, in which tlie two other townships of
Llyuclys and Blodwel were situated. This lordship
(Oswestry) was Iield by tlie Pitzalans from 1114 to
1580, the first members having been nominated by
Henry I. Sheriff of Shropshire and lord of Oswestry
in right of shrievalty. The male rej^esentative of
this feudal family became extinct in 1580, and from
then till 1590 the lordship was held by Philip Howard,
Earl of Arundel, eldest son of Thomas, fourth Duke of
Norfolk, by Mary, daugliter and heir of Henry Fitz-
alan. Earl of Aiundel. For thirteen years afterwards
it WEis in the bands of the Crown.

1603-24 King James I. granted by letters patent
" The Lordship Manor and Castle of Oswestrie to
Thomas Howard, Earl of Suffolk, who in 1624 sold all
that lordship Manor and Castle of Oswestrie, alias
Oswester, and the Manors of Dupaits and Trayne and
the Kectory of the Church to Dame Elizabeth Craven,
late wife of Sir William Craven, Kt., late Alderman
of London." Her son Sir William Craven was created
Baron Craven 162G, Viscount and Earl 1663. He
died 1697 unmarried, and devised the lordship to his

freat-nephew. Sir William Herbert, second Mai-quis of
'owis. (The Records of the Corporation of Oaxveatry).
At the death of the third Duke of Powis in 1748 the
title became extinct, and the barony passed to his rela-
tive, Loi-d Herbert of Chirbuiy, who, the same year, was
made Earl of Powis. His only son died unmarried in
1801, and the barony came to his daughter. Lady
Henrietta Antonia Herbert, the wife of Edward Lora
Clive, who in 1804 was created Earl of Powis. This
second Earl of Powis was the grandfather of the





present Earl, the lord of the manor, who is able to
trace his descent from the royal tribe of Bleddyn ab
Cynfyn beforementioned.

On Mynydd y Bryn the three manors, Duparts,
belonging to the representatives of the house of Powys,
Cynllaith yr larll, part of the Chirk Castle estate, and
Cynllaith Uwain, belonging to the Llangedwyn estate,
all meet at a point marked by a huge stone called
" Bwrdd y tri Arglwydd," which name, says Gwallter
Mechain, creates a supposition that the three lords
once met and dined on the monument.'

The divers commons and waste lands of the manor
at Nantmawr, Cefnblodwel and Mynydd-y-Bryn were
allotted under an Awaid, dated September, 1808, and
those at Crickheath in Marcb, 1811.

The township of Abertanat comprises the manor of
Plas-yn-Dinas, in Llanfechain.

IV. Extent.

The Parish comprises four townships, the eastern

g)rtion being Llynclys, the western Biyn, the northern
lodwel, and the soutliern Abertanat.
An out-lj'ing portion of Blodwel township, known as
Cefnymaes, and containing about 322 acres, is situate
near Rhydycroesau in the same county.

The area, according to the Poor Bate Assessments
(roads excluded), and the gross and rateable value, are
as follows : —


val™ in




£ s.
442 2

£ 3.

2810 10
3184 5
1456 10
1483 ID

N-«lu« in

Ll™cl;s ..
Bryn .
Abertanat ...

593 3 30

1«77 39

uu 2 \r.

1081 3 10

£ s.
I02H 14
201)1 1
1134 19

£ B.

17fiO 10
1292 10
1324 5

Tot»l« ...

4467 1 i")

i41H 2

;i430 14

8934 l.'i

6819 5

c 9id., 18-.>l, 3e., 18:19, Is. 3j<t., and 1900,

1 It was really tho place whcru the three lorda used to meet to
discuss aiid compose points of difference. The iminc occurs in other
places similarly Mitiutte-l, e.i/., in Muwddwy and Pembrokeshire. — Ed.





The total area (including roads, water, &c.), given
in the Ordnance Survey is 4808 '908 acres,

A church was built {but wlien and by whom there
is not anything now known) on the boundary line of
the parish at Moi-ton, In Browne Willis' Sun-ey of
St. Asaph it is stated that " Mortyn Chapel, endowed
by Mrs. Bridgeman, is in this parish." As the
structure stood on the Iwundary of two parishes
Llanyblodwel and Oswestry, the entries of baptisms
perfor-med therein were for many years made in the
llegisters of both these parishes, with a note added :
" Performed in Morton Chapel."

The population of this extreme part being situate at
such a distance from the Parish Church, the district,
with a portion of the parish of Oswestry lying con-
tiguous thereto, was, on an application of the iicclesi-
astical Commissioners for England to the Privy
Council on 16th April, 1861, formed into a Con-
solidated Chapclry for all ecclesiastical purposes, and
assigned to the consecrated Church at Morton, the
boundary being defined in the following manner : —
" All that portion of the Parish of Llanyblodwel, in
the County of Salop and Diocese of St. Asaph, wherein
the present Incumbent of such parish now possesses
the exclusive cure of souls, which is comprised within
that portion of the township of Llynclys which ia
situate to the east of an imaginary Hue extending
along the middle of the high road leading from
Oswe«try to Welshpool.''

The detached portion of Blodwel township situate
at Cefnymaes has also been assigned to Rhydycroesau
for the like purposes.

The piincipal landowners are : — Earl of Bradford ;
Earl of Powis ; Lawton Parry Hamer, Esq., Glanyr-
afon Estate ; Colonel Boniior; Mrs. Leslie, Abertanat
Estate ; Stewart Jennings, Esq. ; Captain Parker
Leighton ; II. Lloyd Kenyoii, Esq. ; O. O. Openshaw,
Esq.; and the Kepresentatives of Mr. Robert Owen.





V. Geological
(By Mr. E D. NiclioliKm).

The greater part of the parish is covered by the
Silurian rocks, mostly of the denomination called the
Bala beds, which are made up of shalely beds of soft-
stone with hard stone intermixed. The beds extend
from immediately under the limestone of Portbywami
and Whitehaven northward into Denbighshire There
are several examples of the soft rock around Nantmawr,
especially in the cutting by the Incline bridge leading
to Tanat Rock and the shale, if carefully examined,
will be found to contain a large quantity of fossils.

There are several very fine exposures of the carboni-
ferous limestone, extending from the end of Llany-
mynech Hill along Ciickheath and Llynclys Hills,
Whitehaven, Porthywaun, Nantmawr (Moelydd), and
for many miles northward, the thickness of the strata
being generally estimated at from four to five hundred
feet. These series, here, are not found, as is usual, on
the red sandstone, but abut unconformably on the
before mentioned Bala beds. Doubtless, during the
period of formation of the maiine limestone the Bala
beds formed a rocky shore to the sea, in which the
limestone was de[)osited. The limestone of this
district is remarkably pure, and has been used fi-oni
earliest days for smelting and chemical purposes where
great purity is es.sential.

On the eastern side of the parish the millstone giit
lies in its proper position upon the carl)oniferons lime-
stone. It extends from near Ty Coch, Llynclys,
Sweeney, and many miles northward following the
carboniferous limestone. It is buried near Llynclj's by
several feet of drifl gravel, but the series can be
closely seen on Sweeney Mountain, and in the old
cuttings and quarries on what was formerly the branch
railway from Porthywaun to Coedygoe Pits. Some
of the beds, which are composed of red and white
sandstone, make very good building material, and





were largely used in the construction of bridges and
buildings on the Cambrian Kailways. Morton
Church is a good example of a building made
. therewith.

Some examples of the igneous rocks are also to be
found, notably the Llanddfl quarry, which is a green
trappffian ash. Close to, but just outside the northern
boundary, and abutting against the limestone on the
Moelydd, is another gieen stone, which is generally
desci ibed as felspathic trap. There is a large mass of
igneous rock, which is composed of both felspathic and
trappfean ash, extending a little on the west of Bryn to
Mynydd-y-bryn. These stones are of a dark green
colour, and of a very hard nature.

In earlier times the carboniferous limestone,
undoubtedly, extended much further west, although
none at present can be seen, but there are remains of
old limekilns which have evidently been placed near
some patch or oiitlier of the limestone on the top of the
last mentioned green trap rock near Ty Gwyn in Bryn.

There are large masses of tlrifb, formed by glacial
and water action, which are composed of the remnants
of the rocks having their situation in the upper
portion of the Tanat Valley. The main road to
Oswestry from Porthywaun gate to near Bwlchygwynt,
Treflach, is made upon this drift. Of alluvial drifts
the river Tanat shews, during its course through the
parish, many good examples.

There are no metalliferous mines at present worked
in the parish, but manj' years ago there was a mine for
copper near Brynyfedwen in Aliertanat, but with what
success it was worked, there is no record. Coal was
also excavated for on land south of Blotlwel Hall, but
evidently geological knowledge must have been absent.
There are several old mines tliat have been worked for
lead and sulphate of zinc (commonly called black jack)
on Crickheath Hill, and in the limestone on Llynclys,
Crlckheath and Llanymynech hills traces of every
common mineral, such as copper, lead, zinc, manganese






kc, may be found, but not in sufficient quantities to
ensure their l>eing worked with financial success.

It may be added that at the extensive quarries at
Porthywaun stones are raised and despatched into tlie
iron districts for fluxing piirposes, and recently a bed
has been discovered from which Dolomite may be
manufactured, and machinery is now being fitted up
for the pui-pose. Some of the stones are also used for
macadamising main roads and metaUing paths, and a
large quantity are burnt into lime here and at Nant-
mawr. The stones at Llanddii quarry are made into
setts for paving cartways and street crossings, and
stones are also crushed for roads and walks, and
the very fine material is moulded i'nto gate posts,
lintels, sills and troughs.

The surface, except in the vale of the Tanat, and at
Porthywaun, is undulated and picturesque. Of the
scenery, Hume, in his Museum EiiropfBum, writes :—

Persons desiroiis of gratifying their sight would do well and
wisely to ascend from tlie mouth of the Ogo (on Llanymynech
Hill) up to the ri()ges (the boiindarj' of Llanyblodwel parish),
immediately over Blodwel Hall, where suddenly find in jj;
themselves on the precipitous rocks of Blodwel, a scene of
absolute sublimity and beauty opens at once on the astonished
and delighted gaze, perhaps unparalled, certainly unsurpassed,
in all Wales. The summits of innumerable mountains are
seen at once rising in every variety of ridge, the distant in
softest azure, and tlie nearest in the most brilliant verdure,
with haiigin;^ woods, tortile meiidows. and the bright rivers
Fyrnwy and Tanat uniting in the valley below, and sweeping
their sunny waters to join the Severn under the abrupt and bold
rocks of the magnificent Brciddin, and at a considerable distance
when enlightened by the sun the glistening water of Pistyll
Rhaiadr nmy be seen. Turning towards Erigland, a perfect
contrast is presented in the flat, fertile and expansive plain of
Shropshire, richly wooded and profuse in luxuriant vegetation,
termmated by the noble Wrekm and the faint feeble outline
of the very distant hills of Cheshire and SUiffordshire. The
graceful lake of Llynclys, the fine and venerable tower of
Oswestry Church, and in the distance the column and elegant
spires of Shrewsbury. The scene all round may be safely
averred to be one timt the dullest mind cannot view without





excitement, nor the finest without rapturous and hiijhly
increased elevation.'

VI. Roads.
During the time tlie Romans occupied this country,
which terminated in the year 409, they worked
perseverlngly in making great loads radiating to
various parts of the island, with stations at the
various intersections. The local roads led from
Rutuiiium (Rowtoii, near Shrewsbury) to a branch ' of
the southern WatHng Street, leading to Mons
Heriri (Tomen y Mur, near Tanybwlch, Merioneth),
and Segontium (Carnarvon), and the Via Devaua
or the road leading from Nidum (Neath) to Deva
(Chester), and the station described by Antoninus
and Ptolemy as being at the intersection of these roads
was named Medolianum ; but the exact site of it has not
been discovered. Camden says the name signifies a place
in a valley " that is seated media inter lanas " — betwixt
brooks or small rivers (Cynddelw in Gvlud yr Oes),
and according to some writers, the spot is believed to be
at the junction of the Cynllaith with the Tanat at
Penybont-llanerch-emrys, Gwallter Mechain in Camh.
Briton (1820), says :—

Sir Richard Colt Hoare, Bart., in preparing the splendid
Edition of Giraldus Gambrensis's Topography of Wales — not
satisfied with the conclusion and surmises of Leiand. Camden,
&c., who had placed Medolianum according to their respective
fancies, some at Meifod. some at Llanfyllin, some at Drayton,
and others in a point between the two places, where, according
to a mathematical hypothesis, the southern Watling Street
and the Via Devana should have crossed each other — became
i>ersuaded upon well grounded reasons that the lost Roman
Station lav considerably more northward than either Meifod
or Llanfyllin. Directed by this opinion he made three
successive journeys from Stour Head to the Vale ot Tanat,

' I have heard it stated tiiat the Rev. Robert WiIbod Evaas of
Llwynygroea. afterwards Arclideacon of Westnioreland, drew his
inspiration for tlie Jtectury of' Valehead from the bt'autiful view of tJie
LUnvblodn-el Vallev from Lianvnivnech hill.— Ed,






which he explored attentively and anxiously, but without
success. This brought Sir Richard to the dernier resort
of concluding that the rapid Tanat had in the course of a^es
destroved every vestige of the station. The Editors of the
Beauties of England and Wales could not be satisfied with
such a disappointment; ihoy therefore cut the gordian knot,
which Sir Ricliard had so anxiously, though unsuccessfully
endeavoured to untie. They cried " Ecce Medolianum " at
Ponybont near the junction of the Cyullaith ivith the Tanat,
This is the spot tixed upon in the bodv of the work, but in the
map of the stations, fcc., prefixed, Medolianum is not put
down at Penybonl, Imt at Clawdd Coch, several miles to
the south-cast in the Montgomeryshire portion of Llany-
mjTiech. The late learned Rev. Peter Roberts had viewed this
spot, and would fain insist in conversation that it was the
identical spot where Medolianum quartered the lemons of
ambitious Rome. 1 am not aware that he ever committed his
opinion to paper ; however the Editors of the Beautien caught
the flying report, I had myself some years before been rather
san^ine on the subject and in consequence of preconceived
ideas, hastened to Clawdd C6ch full of expectations, ^^^len I
arrived, I found, fortunately, a team in the field ploughing,
and the farmer declared he had seen the piece ploughed and
harrowed occasionally for upwards of forty years past, but had
never seen or heard of any Roman relics, coins, bricks or
utensils, the indispensible accompaniments of Roman Stations.
The site, it must be confessed, is .very promising when viewed at
a distance from some adjacent eminence, being such as might
be imagined to have caught the attention of a Roman
engineer, as it is on the most eligible line of road from
Rutunium to Milltir Gferrig, Truniysarn and Caergai, on a table
land elevation near the angle of" junction of the Tanat and
the Fyrnwy. Some Welsh Chieftam had built a mansion near
the spot called Carreg Hwva Castle, which was demolished
about the beginning of the thirteenth century, and being
apparently built of wood, though in the country of stone and
marble, not the least vestige of the building, not a cinder now
remains, a foss to guard the most accessible approach on the
oast being the only index left. From these data I am led
to conclude that Medolianum is still among the teme

Still, the copper mines on Llanymynech Hill being
worked by the Itomans, vrhere there are still traces of
fortification, it is more than probable that a road from





thence led to Clawdd Coch, indeed, the paved lane is still
called the " Sam;" but everything else, save the strong
northern bank and fosse and the faint outline of the
camp, has long been destroyed.

The main road leading from Llangedwyn to
Shrewsbury runs the entire length of the parish,
and is intersected at Llynclys by another from
Llanymynech to Oswestry, and at Porthywaun by one
from Llansantffraid via Treflach to the same town.
The road leading to and joining the London and
Holyhead road near West Felton must be very ancient,
for the latter existed so far back as Saxon times, and
many of the roads branching from it or intersecting it
were foimed soon afterwards. The Rev. Walter Davies
(Gwallter Mechain) "riting in 1813 of roads on the
borders states :^" Fifty years ago there were compai-a-
tively but few miles of travelable roads within the
whole district. Coal for fuel and lime for manure
could not he carrietl in quantities to any gi-eat distance."

Ill 29 George II. ( 1 75(i) the roads from Llanymynech
to Oswestry, and from Llangedwyn through Penyhont
and Llynclys to Oswestry were declared to be " in a
ruinous condition and incommodious for travellers and
carriages," and powers were sought for and granted,
for " amending, widening and keeping in repair" such
roads. The Act of 1750 was continued with powers
altered and enlarged by an Act of 2nd George III.
(1762); and in 28 George III. (1788), the roads leading
fiom Porthywaun to Sweeney Mountain and from
Llynclys to Maesbury were declared to be in like
condition as tlie afxjve, and " could not be effectually
amended and kept in I'epair by the ordinary course of
law." For the maintenance of the first mentioned
road, and for carrying out the necessary repaii^s to
those leading towards Sweeney and Maesbury and for
the construction of roads from Oswestry over Treflach
to Porthywaun, and by Nantmawr to Glanyrafon (with
other roads in the Counties of Salop. Denbigh and
Montgomery) under the same Act (1788) a number of


I Coot^lc




trustees were apijointed, the qualification for whom
was " that he shall in his own right or in the right of
his wife be in the actual possession or receipt of the
rents and profits of lands, tenements and hereditaments
of the clear yearly value of Forty pounds above reprizes,
or possessed of a personal estate to the amount or value
of eight hundred pounds, or hereditaments of the clear
year!}' value of one hundred pounds." Those appointed
from this parish were Messrs. Thomas Jennings,
Sweeney, John Jones, Cefnblodwel, and John Williams,
Llanyblodwel. The necessary funds for carrying out
the pui-jioses of the Act were obtained by the trustees
bori-owing money on the credit of the tolls to be
charged for the use of the roads, the tolls fixed by this
Act being : — -

For every liorsc or other beast drawing any Coach, Chariot,
Landau, Uerliu, Chaise, Calash, Hearse, Chair, Waggon, Wain,
Wheel Car, Cart, Tumbril, Car, Drag or Slwlge, tne sum of
four pence.

For every horse or other beast laden or unladen, and not
drawing, the sum of one penny.

For every drove of oxen, cows or neat cattle the sum of
Ten pence per score, and so in proportion lor any less number.

And ior every dro\e of cjvlves, hogs, sheep or lambs, the sum
of five pence per score, and so in proportion for any less

Such tolls were to be paid twice between Knockin
and Llanrhaiadr, twice between Welshpool and Oswes-
try, and twice between Oswestry and Llanfyllin, the
penalty for evasion being "for every such offence to
forfeit any sum not exceeding five pounds nor less than
twenty shillings, whereof one moiety shall be paid to
the informer or informers, aud the other moiety to the
Treasurer to the said trustees."

Gates and dwellings for collectors were erected at
Llynclys and Porthywaun ; and at Glanyrafon for the
road leading over Cefnblodwel.

In 18 1 3 an Act was passed for the purpose "of
more effectually repairing, widening, altermg, malting,
improving and keeping in repair' (with others) the




ñññfiKfrOftY of THE PAniSfl OP LLANVBLODWfeL. 19

road from Meifod, through Llansantffraid over Rhyd-
Meredith Bridge to Porthy waun, and over Llanyblodwel
Bridge to Brynygroes. In the list of Trusteesappointed
to carry out the work are the names of the Rev. James
Donne and Messrs. T. Netherton Parker aud Lawton
Parry, and in 1834 the name of Mr. David Hainer of
Glanyrafon was inserted. The terms and powere of
the several Acts were from time to time extended and
enlarged, and other powei-s and provisions granted by
the authority of Parliament ; but the Trusts ceased
about twenty years ago, when tolls were abolished, and
the maintenance of the roads was taken over by the
county authorities. The main roads were gi'eatly im-
proved under the powers of the Turnpike Acts, but
most of the pariah roads retain theii originality of form,
ascending steep hills in an almost straight line, but the
whole of tbem are now well cared foi- under the manage-
ment of the District Council.

The road through Penybont, Nantmawr and Treflach
was the principal way by which the inhabitants of
Llanfyllin and vicinity travelled to Oswestry about 80
years ago, but this and other i-oads have been much
relieved by the opening of railways.

VII. Railways.

The Cambrian Railways Main Line from Whitchurch
to Aberystwyth passes through Llynclys, where there
is a passenger station. The first sod of the Oswestry
and Welshpool Section was cut at Welslipool on
August 4tn, 1857, and the line was opened for
passenger traffic fi-om Oswestry as far as Pool Quay
on May Ist, 1860. The engine used was named
" Glansevem," and the first train left Oswestry Station
at 9 15 a.m.

Persons living in Abertanat Township are within
easy reach of a station, under the same company, at
Llansantffi-aid. The Potteries or Shropshire Railway
from Shrewsbury has its terminus at Nantmawr, and
as long as the line was kept going from Llanyraynech






to Slire^vabury a few yeai-s ago, there was a passeuger
station at Llanyblodwel, Tlie pait from Llanymynech
to Naiitmawr is now worked by t)ie Cambrian Kailways
Company for the purpose of conveying lime and
minei-als from the latter place and Llanddlj, and bring-
ing coal and building materials to a wharf at Llaiiy-
blodwel, such right being granted to them by the
Shropshire liailways Company for 99 years, from July,
1900. There is also a branch line constructed in 18G3,
belonging to and worked by the Cambrian Railways
Company, from Llynclys to the lime quaiTies at
Porthywaun, and irom the latter there is a tramway
in connection with the Shropshire Union Canal near
Llynclys, for the carriage of stone ; but all facilities
will be superseded by the Tanat Light Railway trom
Llynclys to Llangynog. The ceremony of cutting the
first sod took place in a field near Porthywaun School
on September 12th, 1899, and was performed by the
Countess of Powis, other sods being afterwaids cut by
Mrs. Leslie, Bryn Tanat ; Mrs. Stanley Leighton, Mrs.
Humphreys-Owen, Mra. Herbert Roberts, Mrs. Pryce
Jones, Mrs. C, E. Williams, Mrs. J. Parry Jones, Mrs.
W. H. Thomas and Mrs. A. J. Collins. The line
starts from a point just below tlie Nut Tree faim,
Llynclys, in tliis parish, and at a short distance there-
from follows the course of the Tanat to Llangynog, and
has passenger stations at Porthywaun, Llanyblodwel
and Penybont. It was formally opened for passenger
traffic by the Dowager Lady Williams- Wynu at
Porthywaun on Tuesday, the 5th of January, 1904.

VIII, Postal Faciuties.
The postal and Telegraph arrangements are in
connection with Oswestry, sub-offices being at Llynclys
and Llanyblodwel, with several depots for the sale
of stamps, and four letter-receiving boxes on the main
road from Llynclys to Penyl)ont, Lettei-s arrive from
Oswestry by mail an<l foot, and are delivered early.
The only telegrnph office is at Llynclys, but the





History op the parish op llany^lodwet,. 21

inhabitants of the soutli and western district are
within easy reach oi' offices at Llansantfiraid,
Llangedwyn and Llansilin.

IX. Population.
The population according to the census of ! 841 was: —

Townshipe. Males. Femalea. ^h^u^''

Blodwel ... 194 190 . 87

Llynclys ... 136 139 55

Bryn ... ... 108 92 37

Abertanat ... 49 53 18

487 --..^ 474 197

— ■■■■■■■..487 *"™

Total 961

And when the last census was taken in 1901 the total
number was 781.

X. Language,
From a speech on " Powysland," delivered by
Professor Rhys, it appears that the early language of
this part of the country was " Goidelic," or a
language akin to Irish, and that it was followed by
the "Welsh," which was brought in by the Celtic
tribe of the Ordovices, wlio occupied the district
previous to the entry of the Romans A.D. 50. Of
couree, that was a very early form of the Welsh, but it
has developed during the many centuries into that
used or understood in the present day by the majority
of the parishioners^ and was, until recently, the
language of the hearth and home. The following,
written by Gwallter Mechain, about a neighbouring
border parish, may have been applicable to this also : —

There is scarce an inhabitant here who is not able with the
greatest ea^c and indifference to fipcak both English and
Welsh. The Welsh langui^,'c being still spoken on the
continos of Offa's Dyko is a proof of its permanency, however
anxious some of. the mixed or bastard tribe may be for its






tutal extinction. Some advocates for the abolition of the
Welsh toiigue are vain enough to prognosticate a uetu'
approaching day when it will bo numberea among the dead.
They see some few families upon the border and alwut a
dozen innkeepers on the post roads who speak English only,
bnt there arc thousands and ten of tbonsands in the wilds of
Wales who have learned the langnage of their parents and of
their country, as naturally and as innocently as they sucked
their mother's breasts or breathed the common air, and have
neither opportunity nor inclination to learn any other tongue.
That the Welsh commit such egregious blunders in endeavour-
ing to speak English so as to uso the feminine pronoun hrr
instead of the first person singular /, is false without the least
foundation. They commit, it ia true, just as many blunders in
speaking English a.s the English themselves would - do in
speaking French or Irish, l>efore they were taught, and no
more. This mode of burltss<juiu<j tlie Welsh originated in the
ridicule with which the Saxon victors illiberally treated their
conquered vassals, and which is still carried on in spite ot
reason and liberality by the folly and ignorance of the
descendants ot our insulting foes. By folly and ignorance
it may be repeated, for the insult now never occurs save from
the mouth of the rudast Goth, or the pen of the paltry
pamphleteer or common ballivdmonger.
But during the hundred years since then, 1795, many
changes have taken place ; Elementary Schools having
been established in almost every hamlet along the
border, so that the English language now predominates,
but Welsh continues to be taught exclusively in two
of the Sunday Schools (Cefnyblodwel and Llynclys),
and used daily in a (aw houses. The older people in
Porthywaun and district east of the parish still use a
dialect akin to, or rather part of the Shropshire Folk-
Lore, as " Weear bistee gween " (where are you going
to), but this may become extinct in a generation or

XL Industbies.
Quite two-thirds of the parish are purely agricul-
tural. Some idea of the farm-houses may be formed
from a record of the Window Tax, collected in 1758,
which recently appeared in Bye-Gones. The collector
was Evan Thomas, amount of old duty, £3 128. ; duty

, ,, 




1758, £1 88. 6d. ; new duty, £1 2s. Od. ; total of all
duty, £G 2s. 6d. Windows with stone lintels inscribed
cheese room, dairy, &c., were exempt. This was a
duty which was imposed in 1695, and abolislied in
1851, when the Inhabited House Duty was introduced.
There are some farms of con.siderable size, one bein*;
rated to the poor to over £400, two over £300, and
thirteen over .£100, with a number of othei-s which
may be worked by a tenant and his family. Owing to
a prolonged period of depression, attributed to bad
seasons, fall in the price of produce, increased cost of
labour, and in some cases, it may be, to inferior and
unskilful farming, there is a decline in the extent of
arable land, and on many of the holdings only what is
absolutely necessary is cultivated, the farmer turning
liis attention to the more profitable branch of stock-
breeding and dairying, for which purpose much of
what was formerly arable ground has been laid down
into permanent pasture. To meet the modern ideas of
fanning the large timber built and sti-aw thatched
barns and bays, now useless for what they were
originally intended, are fast giving place to ranges of
brick and slated buildings, and iron roofed Dutch
iKiins for the storage of the produce; and improvement
is noticeable in the dwelling accommodation. Many of
the small holdings in the neighbourhood of Poi-thywaun,
Llynclys and Nantmawr, were formed out of open
ground about the beginning of the last (nineteenth)
century, and cottages erected thereon by quarrymen
and others, by arrangement with the Lord of the
Manor, and as the dwellings were mostly constructed
of inferior material, several of them are becoming
decayed, others are uninhabited and in ruins, a few re-

S laced by cottages of superior type, and the remain-
er, as also some compact farm buildings, have been
consolidated. During the eighteenth and the earlier
part of the last century theie resided in the parish
persons bearing such surnames as Arthur, Blayney,
Bottrell, Bowdler, Bradley, Burnet, Burnett, Burrows,







Butler, Byewatei-, Cadwalladr, ChalHnor, Cheshire,
Clayton, Clemson, Dagger, Daniel, Dodd, Faixloe,
Feltus, Footman, Gabriel, Gould, Green, Harris,
Hayward, Hopkins. Hoskins, Jager, James, Jebb,
Jenkins, Jennings, Kilner, Kynaston, Lodowick,
Manning, Marpole, Meredith, MilUngton, Nunnerley,
Payne, Potham, Poulter, Radcliffe, Sadler, Saunders,
Savage, Sheffield, Sides, Simon, Skellorn, Storer,
Tauat, Thompson, Trevor, Turner, Wilson, Windsor,
all of which are now extinct as far as relates to this
arish. A further comparison of the Ratepayers' List
lor 1839, with that for 1900, shows that of 156 names
on the former, only 37 were represented on the latter,
either by direct descent or relationship ; many of the
old families having died out, and others having niigrate<l
elsewhere in search of employment.

XII. Rivers and Lake.
The river Tanat, which rises in the parish of
Pennant Melangell, flows thi-ough Llangedwyn, entei-s
ttiis parish at the confluence of the Cynllaith
(humidity, moisture), near Peiivbont, and ninds
through for about four miles, until it mixes with the
tyrnvvy below Abertanat, on the borders of Llansant-
ffraid and Llanymynech parishes. It is crossed by
two bridges, the one in the village being a handsome
stone structure, consisting ot a large central arch and a
smaller one on each side. It is only wide enough for
a single vehicle to pass over, and at both sides are
o}>enings, standing out on the buttresses, for foot
passengers to turn into. On the lower side thereof is
a tablet stating that

This bridfifc was erected

with stone at ye charge of

the Hundred of Oswestry.

Anno. Dom. 17I0.

Its predeces.sor was, no doubt, of timber, for the record

of a bridge here goes so far back as 1684. The present

bridge was one of those formerly repaired by the




Hundred, under the Act 22 Henry VHI., cap. 5
(1530), the process being to indict the inhabitants of
the Hundred and move the Court of Quarter Sessions
to impose on them a fine equal to the expenditure
requited. Several such onlers in respect of this bridge
were from time to time made, and in the published
abstract of the Rolls and Orders made by the Court of
Quai-ter Sessions for Shropshire, 1709 — 1800, are the
following ; —

1709. Easter Sessions. Assessment of £80 on the townships o
Oawestry Hundred for repairs of Llanyblodwel Bridge.

1710. January Sessions. Further assessment of £50 upon
the Townships in the Hundred of Oswestry for the
repairs of Llanyblodwel Bridge.

174.5, January Sessions. Assessment of £20 upon the Town-
ships in the Hundred of Oswestry for the repairs of
Llanyblodwel Bridge. M' Thomas Edwards of Blodwel
and M' Evan Tnomas of Abbertannot appointed
Treasurers and Overseers of the work,

1770. January Sessions. Lianyblodwell Bridge and 300 yards
of roaa at each end to oe repaired by the Hundred of
Oswestry for £50 under the direction of the Bev^ M'
Thomas Trevor, the Rev^ M'' Williams, and the Rer*
Richard Maurice,

1772. July Sessions. Llanyblodwel Bridge. Balance of
£23 4 7 remaining after work done, to be expended in
repair of Pentrepant Bridge.

1784. .luly sessions. Present, by the Coiistable of Llanyblod-
wel Bridge damaged by a flood.

The most recent ordei-s were in 1882 and 1898, and
the entry "Journey to Oswestry to pay the bridge
money " appears frequently in the old accounts of the

To put an end to such a cumbersome proceeding, the
County Council has recently taken over the responsi-
bility of its maintenance

The second bridge, carrying the main road from
Porthywaun to Llansantffraid^ stands about half-a-
raile below, and is called Pont-rhyd- Meredith (the
bridge of Meredith's ford), and was rebuilt in 1809.
The small brook from Nantmawr enters the Tanat here.






The bridge at Nantmawr was erected in 1788, and
rebuilt in 1844.

Accortiiug to the Kecords of the Court of Quarter
Sessions for Shropshire, 1709 — 1800, it appears that a
bridge over the Cynllaith, in the township of Bryn,
was also repairable by the Hundred. The only bridge
now in that township is at Penybont-llanerch-Emrys,
and carries the main load over the Cynllaith ; but the
one here referred to must have been over the Cynllaith,
or a tributary, on the main road to Llansilin. The
entries are —

1748. April Ses.sions. Pontypentre bridge, Oswestry hundred.
Rate of £4 for repairs. M' Thomas Evans of Bryn
Llanablodwell appointed treasurer and overseer.
1762. January Sessions. Present, by Pryce Maurico Esq of
Pontypentro bridge BJodwel parish, repairable by
Oswestry HundrecL

Pontypentre bridge (over Cunleth) to be repaired by
the Huudreil of Oswestry, at the cost of £5 and upwards
undor the dire<;tion of Richard Owen of Bryn.
1772. July Sessions. Present, by Constable of Cynllaith
Bridge reiwirable jointly by County of Denbigh and
Hundred of Oswestry.
1786. Present, by Constable of Penybont Bridge, in the Town-
ship of Bryn, Parish of Llanyblodwei, as too narrow for
carriages to pass over without great danger, and upon
times river is inipas-sable.
The Nantgoch stream and river Cynllaith are of
service to the occupiers of the western district.

At Llynclys, close to the railway station, is a lake,
covering an area of 6a. 3r. 33p, (Ordnance Survey). The
name Llynclys is Welsh, and has two meanings, accoi-d-
ing to its etymology, from Uyn (lake), clys (inclosure),
or from llync {submerged or sunken), Uys {palace); the
former, however, is the correct one. It is exceedingly
deep, and, in some places, falls almost pei-pendicularly
within three or four feet of the margin. Some years
ago a nnnilier of railway trucks fell in, and they still
remain there. There are a number of traditions as to
its origin. Some people believe that " it has got never
a bottom to it, ' and others, that when the water is





clear, and tlie surface smooth, the tower of a palace
may be seen in it at a great depth. This, no one can
dispute, " but unfortunately," as Mr. Askew Roberts
puts it in his first edition of the Gossiping Guide to
tVales, " there never appears to have been a day on
record when the water was clear enough." But super-
stitious as the people of Llynclys may be, Hulbeit,
in his History of the County of Salop (1837), says —

Their faith is not moro oxtravaeant than our distant
Aberystwyth neighbours who assert that ruins and remains of
the sixteen cities belonging to Seithenyn the Drunkard can
yet be discerned through ttio green waves of Cardigan Bay.

Of the legends, a contributor to Bt/e-Goiies {January,
1874) gives the following as related to him :—

A gentleman and his family had invited their friends to a
feast and ball. The tiddler having had occasion to leave the
Hall (Liya), on his return found, to his dismay, that where the
hall had been was now one sheet of water and his fiddle
floating in the niidiile of the pool. It was also said that when
the summer had partly dried up the water, the chimneys
beams and other parts of the hall were visible.

There is also another tradition to this effect —

That the lord and lady of the Hall (Llys) wore proverbial
for their cruelty and want of charity to the poor. That on one
occasion an old woman being refused alms, cursed the lady,
adding with loud voice " Daw dial, daw " (Vengeance will come,
it will), and thrico was this woe repeated. The lady inquiring
as to when this punishment should come upon her was
answered by the beggar, " Yn amscr eich plant, oich wyrion,
a'ch gorwyrion, eich seynydd a'ch gorseynydd " (in the time
of your descendants of the first, second, third, fourth and fifth
d^rees). The lady ridiculed this prognostication, saying she
should not even see her descendants of the third degree, and
therefore it was folly to speak of the fifth, but so it did happen
for all that, for as the lord and lady, with their children, and
children's children to the fifth generation, were all seated at a
great feast, the earth opened its mouth, and the hall (Llys)
and all its occupants were swallowed up, and nothing rcmams
to mark the spot saving tho pool (llyn) called from that dire
event Llync-llys or the Hall that was swallowed up.






And in " Observations of the Antient .... Towne
... of Oswestrie and things remarkable in and
neare the same," quoted in Lloyd's History of Poivys
Fadog, it is stated that —

About twoe miles of Oswestrie w'tbio the p'rshe, there is a
pooIe called Ihynclis, of w'ch poole Humffrey Lloyd reporteth
thus: — Germau Altisiodorensis pr'cbed some time there
against the Pelagian horesie. The kinge wherof, as is there
r^d, because hee refused to heare that good man, hy the
secrett and terrible iudgmeut of God, with his pallace and all
his househould was swallowed up into the bowelles of the
earth. Quo in loco non procul ab Oswaldia Est SU^nu'
mcogaitie p' funditatis Ihyncilis id est vora^o palatii in hunc
diem dictum. In that place not far from Osv/estrie is nowe
a standinge water of an imknown depth called Ihynclis, that
ia, the devouringc of the Pallaec.

The preacher referred to was St. Germanus (St.
Garmon), Bishop of Auxene, who was sent over by the
Gallican Chmcn to help the Britons in the fifth
century to refute the teaching of Pelagius (or Morgan,
a Welshman), who promulgated certain opinions
concerning original sin contrary to the teaching of
those of the univei-sal church, and the king mentioned
in the legend is believed to be Benlli Gawr. Humphrey
Llwyd wrote in 1570 {Brev. of Brit., p. 69), and there
is a reference to a catastrophe in an early ninth
century work, but the details differ from the foregmng.

Mr. John F. Dovaston, of the Nursery, ^Vest
Felton, in a Ballad (stated to have been hastily written,
to amuse a fishing party, with wliom he was spending
the day on the pool), published in 18U, has given a
more humoTOUB account of its origin. It is written in
the Ingoldsby style, and is amusing. He brings both
the Ogof on Llanymynech Hill, and Croeswylan
near Oswestry, into the story, but it is too long to
quote, and is of no historical value. He finishes
thus: —

And quaffing the gliuss wc pray that each lass
May each constant lover bless ;

And may guests that would cheat a kind host of his mate.
Be nifttch'd with a grim Ogress,





XIII. Places of Interest,

Offa's Dyke [Clawdd Offa), a defensive rarapart,
extending from the Bristol Channel between the
mouths of the Severn and the Wye, to Treyddin,
in Flintshire, a distance of about 140 miles, enters
the parish near Trefiach, where it is about 30 feet
wide at the base, and 10 feet high, and takes its
course southward, in the direction of Llanymynech.
Offa was a Saxon king, who reigned from 757 to 795.
The fii-st record of the Dyke is by Asser, a monk of St.
Davids, about 900. In Brut Aherpergwm it is related
that in " 765 of the age of Christ, the lands of Mercia
were laid waste by the Welsh, and they prevailed
against the Saxons and plundered it greatly, wherefore
Offa, King of Mercia, built the great Dyke, called
Offa's Dyke, as a boundary between the land of the
Welsh and Mercia, and it still continues." In BnU y
Saeson it is recorded that " In 783, this summer the
Welsh devastated the kingdom of Offa, and then OfTa
caused a Dyke to be made as a boundary between him
and the Welsh, so that he might more easily oppose the
assaults of his enemies, and this is called Offa's Dyke
to this day." In the ninth century, according to
Bever, Monk of Westminster, Edgar made a law that
it should be present death for the Welsh to pass
over the ditch, and in the eleventh century, Harold,
son of Godwin, made a further law that any Briton
soever who thenceforth should be found with a weapon
on the east side of Offa's Dyke should have his right
hand struck off by the officers of the land.

The Dyke is distinct and traceable in several places.
Proceeding through Porthywaun along the brow or
summit of Blodwel rocks to a place called Bwlchmawr
(the Great Pass), where there is a Camp adjoining it,
and thence onward over the western end to the
village of Llanymynech. In its passage southward
it goes a considerable distance mto the Marches,
which is the name given to the Border-land between
England and Wales, of which the western part of the






County of Salop formed a principal portion. William
the Conquerer gave his baions the power to provide for
themselves by making such conquests in Wales as
they were aole, and this led to the institution of
Marcher- Icrdshipa, of which Oswestry, that included
Llanyblodwel, formed one. In the reign of Henry
VIIL. Wales was formally annexed to England,
but the Marcher-Lordship were not entirely alxilished
until the reign of William III. Catherall, in his
History of Oswestry, gives the tenure by which the
Marcher- Loi-dships were held, viz. : —

That in ease of war. the Lords should send to the arniy
a certain number of their vassals, that they should garrison
their respective eastles and keep the Welsh m subjection. Id
return for these services the LorJs had an arbitrary and
despotic power in thoir own Domains, they had the power of
life and death in their respective courts, in all cases except
those of hurh treason : In every frontier manor a gallows was
erected. If any Welshman passed the boundary line lixed
between the two countries ho was immediately seized and
hanged. Every town witliin the Marches had a horseman,
armed with a spear, who was maintained for the express
purpose of taldn|r those offenders. If any Englishman was
caught on the Welsh side of the line he sunored a similar fate.
The Welsh considered everything that tliey could steal from
their English neighbours a lawful prize.

XIV. Ancient Houses and Families.
(Authorities; Yoike's Royal Tribes of Walea, Dwnn's
Visitatio7is, Llyfr Silin, Lloyd's History of Pmvyx
Fadog, Archa/ologia Cambrerms, Cambro- Briton, and
the Mo7Ugomeryshire Collections).

What is believed to have been the principal
residence, is now known as " Hen Fryn," wherein some
of the Biddulph ' family resided, to whom the lands
below and skirting Nantgocb stream once belonged.

1 Bobcrt Biddulph of I^Klbnry married Charlotte iilyddelton,
heiress of Chirk Castle, i» ItjQl.





The premiaciS were for many years' afterwards let as
a farm house, and subsequently as a workman's
dwelling, but getting into an unsafe condition, the
fabric was recently cleared away, and two cottages
now staml on the site.

The Glanyrafon Estate now forms the greater part
of the township, and on it, in the beginning of the last
century, a fine mansion was erected by the then owner,
Mr. Lawton Parry,' on an elevated site overlooking
the River Tanat at Glanyrafon. Mr. Parry lived at
the Oldport,'' near Oswestry, and was High Sheriif of
Montgormeryshire in 1 795, one of the Bailiffs of Welsh-
pool m 1796, elected a burgess, and subsequentW'
S laced on the Town Council of Oswestry in 1 800, made
[ayor of that cown in 1802, and promoted to be
Lieutenant in the Oswestry Rangers (Yeomanry
Cavalry) in 1803. There is an entry in the Account
Book kept by the " Ladies of Llangollen," " 1800 June
22 Mrs Parry of Oldirorts' set't w'h a cream cheese from
her. Is." In the Camhrv-Briton the death is announced
of " Lawton Parry Esq of Glanrafon in the County of
Denbigh on Jan 23. 1820 " (Recordv of the Corporation
of Oswestry), and he was succeeded by his sister, Miss
Margaret Parr}', who, being the last of the family, left
the property at her death in 1827, to Mr. John Hamer,
son of Mr. David Hamer of The Weeg, in the County
of Montgomeiy, by bis wife, Mary (Lloyd), of
Glanyrafon. Mrs. Hamer died upon the birth of her
first child, Oct. 19th, 1824, in her 27th year, and was
buried at Llanyblodwel, her husband being appointed

fuardian and trustee to the son. Miss Parry was
uried with her mother and sister in the north
transept of St. Mary's Church, Shrewsbury, where a
monumental tablet bears the following inscription : —

• One of the Parrjs of Ceunaut, in Meifod, married the heireaa of the
Lawtous or Laytons of Plas Isa, now the Ffemi, in the same parish.

* Oldport belonged to Mrs. Edwarda of Talgarth. — See Hon. Mn.
Bulkelej-Oweo's //iiUn-ff of Stialtr/n, p. 210.






In this Transept

Are interred the bodies of

Martha Parry

Relict of Jenkin Parrv. of Main,

in the parish of Meifod, Esquire.

&nd dauffhter of Robert Povel, of Lloran Isa,

in the County of Denbigh, Esquire.

who died on the seventh day

of December MDCCLXIII.

Also of

Martha Parry

daughter of the above

Jenkin and Martha Parry

who died on the fourth day


Aged forty years.

And of her Sister

Margaret Parry

of Glan-yr-afon Hall, in the Parish of

Llanyblodwel, in this County

who died on the first day


Aged 71 years. In Grateful

rememberance of whom this

monument is erected by

John Hamer

Mr. David Hamer for some years (1836 — 1845) waa

co-master with Mi-. Perry of Gravel Hill, of a pack of

hounds called the Tanat Side Harriers, and his son,

Mr. John Hamer, had the same pack, for a shoii: time,

some years afterwards, and they were kept by him in

some kennels which he built at Glanyrafon.

Mr. David Hamer died on the 2nd January, 1864,
aged 69 yeai-s, and was buried at Llanyblodwel, and
Mr. John Hamer died on the Slst March, 1878, and
was buried in the same grave as his father. He was
succeeded by his son, Captain John Parry Hamer,
who considerably improved the estate by the acquisition,
through purchase, of intermixed and adjoining landa
He died April 4th, 1901, aged 54, and was succeeded
by his eldest son, Mr. John Lawton Parry Hamer,
B.A., who had attained his majority in October of the
previous year.





From Aber (the confluence or the joining of two
rivers) and Tanat, the name of the river w hich flows
through the grounds, and falls into tlie Vymwy close by.
The old mansion stood close to the river, at the back
of the present farm dwelling-house, and about fifty
yards from the garden wall. The last portion of it
was cleared away some thirty years ago, but a stable
and coach-house still remain.

It is a great pity that no picture is known to exist
of this ancient seat, which in its palmy days must
have been of moi-e than ordinary importance ; for the
family that owned it was of princely descent and
connected, in successive generations, by marriage with
the leading houses of the country, as will be seen from
the following pedigree and devolution from the grand-
son of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn of Powya downwards : —
Mftredytlcl, son of Howel, a natural son of Maredydd ab
Bleddyn, Prince of Powya, married Angharad, daughter
of Gruffydd ab Howel ah Cynan. or she was daughter
of Idwaf of Penmaen, a son of Gniffydd ab Cynan, King
of Gwynedd, and had issue Rhys ab Maredydd.
Rhys ab ilaredydd married and had is.suc Maredydd ab Rhys,
Maredydd ab Rhys married and had issue Maredydd Fychan of


Maredydd Fychan of Abertanat married Lleuci, daugliter of

Hwfa ab lorwerth of Hafodywoni, Wrexham, and had

is.suc — 1, Howel Goch ; 2, Eduyfcd; 3, Cynwrig; 4, Eva.

who married Madog ab Samwel ab Cadafael yr Ynad,

Lord of Cydewaiii.

Hywel Goch of Abertauat married Mali, daughter of GoroiiTv

ab lorwerth ab Howel ah Morciddii; ab Sanddcf Hiirdd,

Lord of Llai, and had issue— 1, Lleuci ; 2, Catherine.

co-heiress, who married lorwerth Fychan ah lorwerth

Foel of Mynydd Mawr, descended from lorwerth Bcnfras,

Lord of Maeabrwg,

Lleuci, co-heiress of Abertanat, married Madog Goch ab leuan

ab Cyhclyn of Lloran Ui-haf, dcsf«nded from Eiiiion Efell,

Lord of Cynllaith (sou of Miuioc, the Priiiec of United

Powys. and who reside<l at Llwynymaen.and died 11!)6).

K[ad(^ ab Maredydd of Jlechain, ab Llewelyn Fyohaii ab

Llewel^Ti ab Owain Fychan ab Owain, Lord of Slcehainis-







vcoed, second son of Madog ab Maredydd, Prince of
l*owvs Fadop, married and had issue Gwerfyl, heiress of
BloJwel and Abertanat. Owain Fychan (mentioned
above) was presented by his father with the Barony of
Mechainiscoed, formerly one of the three cwiiiwds of the
Cantref y Fyrnwy. to which the part cf Llanyblodwcl,
south of River Tanat belonged, and it remained in

r*o-ssion of his descendants till the conquest of Wales
Edward I., by whom it was wrested from its then
lord, LlewohTi Fvchan, and on May 20th, 1282, bestowed
on Roger Mortuiier, but Marodj'dd, son and heir of
Llewelyn, managed to retain a very considerable portion
of his lands in the townships of Blodwel and Abertanat.

Gwerivl, heiress of Abertanat and Blodwel, married GrufTydd
of JUaelor Saesneg, second son of lorwcrth Foel,' Lord of
Chirk and Maelor, and had issue — 1, Llewelyn Ddii ; 2,
Goronwy Ddu of Trcflodwel.

Llewelyn Ddu of Abertanat marrie<l the daughter of Madog
Fychan ab Rhirid ab Owain ab Bleddyn ah Tudor ab
Rnys Sais. and had issue — 1, Maredydd : 2, Angharad, who
married Sir David Hanmer, Knight, who was made Cliief
Justice of England in 1383; 3, Margaret, who nmrrie<l
Goronwy ab Tudor ab Da\'id ab Rhirid ab -Jonas of
Pciiley; 4, Annest or Agnes, who married Jcnkyn- ab
Madog ab Philip Kymiston of Stocks.

Maredydd* of Blodwel and Abertanat, who lived at the latter

flaco, married Angharad, daughter of Gruffydd ab
orwerth ab Goronwy of Mortyn and Llai, and had issue —
1, Madog; 2, Jenkvn ab Mare<lydd; 3, Angharad, who
married David ab t>avid ab Miulog Ddu; 4, Gwenllian,
who married Madog ab Iciian ab lorwerth.
Madog of Blodwel and Alwrtanat married Margaret, daughter
and heiress of Jenkyn Decaf ab Madog Ddu ab Gnilf\'dd
ab lorwerth Fychan ab lorwerth ab leuaf ab Myniaf ab
Cynwrig ab Rhiwallon, and had issue Gwerfyl, surnamed
Hael, (tne Generous or Bountiful).

1 lorwerth Foel was one of the Honiagers to Kdward I,, English
Prince of Wales, 1301, for Imids hi Maelor Sacsncg cjtUed "Ycrward
Voil ap Yerward Vaghau."— F.B.O.

" Jenkhi or John Kjiiastoii was Steward of Maelor Saesneg, 29
Sept., 22 Richard II.— F.B.O.

* Was witness in a grant of mcssuane in Wortheubury to David
Holbeche, 29 Sept., 22 Richairl II. [1308] — F.B.D.





Gwerfyl Hael, heiress of Abertanat and Blodwel, married firstly
Khys ab David ab Hywel of Maesraor Dinmael, Lord of
Kfig, and a descendant of Owain Brogyntyn ; secondly,
Gruffydd (party per fess Sable and Argent, a lion rampant
counterc hanged), third son of leuan Fyehan of Moel-
iwrch ab lenan Gethin (terrible) ab Madog Cyffin ab
Mrtdog Goeh of Lloran Uchaf, ab Icuan ab Cynelin ab
RbuTi ab Eiiiioii Efell of Llwynymaen, Lord of Cynllaith,
ab Madog ab Meredydd ab Blcddyii, Prince of Powys,
slain in 1073, by Tibot, daughter ot Einion ab Gruffydd
ab Llewelyn ab Oyiiwrig of (jorsygedol, and had issue — 1,
Uavid Lhvyd, npon wlioni the estate was settle<l; 2,
Hywol ab Gruffydd (ancestor of the Powells of Park in
Whittington) ; 3, Alice, who married Rcignallt of Garth in
Ct^idfia, third son of Sir Griffith Fychan (or Vaughan).
Kuijjht Banneret, of Agincourt, and capturer of Lord

leuan Fychaii, the father of Gruffydd, the husband
of Gwerfyl Hael, held on lease the Office of Raglot of
Abertanat at Michaelmas, 1400.

Gwerfyl was so great in charity and other noble
and excellent qualities that she was given the title
of Hael, i.e., liberal or bountiful. She died in the
fifteenth century, and was buried in the chancel of the
Parish Church. In her lifetime she was a favourite of
the bai-ds, who in those days had their rounds to go at
different times of the year, when they were hospitably
entertained at the halls of the wealthy, in return
for which they sang their patrons praise, and after the
death of Gwerfyl, a number of these poets wrote
verses recording her goodness, one of them beginning
thus :—

Xext to Gwerfyl of Gwerfa, and Gwerfyl the Good,
Stands Gwerfyl of Blodwel in prudence and blood.

Lewis Glyn Cothi, a contemporary poet, wrote her
elegy, describing the general lamentation that existed
in consequence of her death, and that such was the
excellency of her character that she was deserving
of being canonized and of pilgrimage being made to her
shrine. Another poet, Gutor Glyn, domestic bard to






the Abbot of Valle Crucis, who died in 1503, wrote
the following elegy in her honour : —

Murumad Gweryl Verch Madog.

Mia drwg a fu 'Mhowys draw,

Mawrth oedd, Duw'n amorth iddaw ;

Mis a rocs kis ar was kill.

Mis a mawrlis am Werful,

Mis hiraoth am y seren.

Mis Mawrth niae eissie um Wenn,

Mawrth oed<l yn kymortli iddi,

Mawrth yn dwyn ymborthiant i ;

Mawr yw dwyn yn jmro Dauad,

Mamaelh well na mam a tbad,

Mwya' wylaw Yraaelawr,

Mynediad llenad i'r Ilawr ;

Difai'r aetb i du Fair weu,

Duodd wybr dydd o'i ddeuben ;

Dydd kwyn a diwodd kanu,

Du fam y gwragedd da fii,

Dwyn Gweurul dan y garreg,

Darfod oes y dyrfa dcg,

Diwedd gwragodd goreugwyr,

Diwres haul daiar a syrr ;

Y dref kyn oered a'r la,

Ar gyiair Kareg hwfe.

Mil a wyla mal Alos,

Mewn llawer grudd mae'n Uai'r gwres ;

Gwae'r llu am y wraig o'r Uya,

Gwerfyl won, gwae'r FOl Ynys,

Gofal adfyd gwae Flodfol,

Gaiaf iw'r haf ar ei hoi ;

Nid elw Inth i Dal y bent,

l)w3-n nag irlwjTi na gerlont.

Oeb fi ! wedi niereb Fadawg,

Cbware rbos ni chair y rbawg :

Och Dduw ! OS i cbiddio oedd,

cbladdwyd yn iach wloddoodd,
Am giddio hon mae gwaedd hir,
A'i cbywyddau ni cbiddir.

Er bod Mair a'r bywyd mau,
A Duw yn torri'rciontiriau,

1 g*r, a i chlcrwr, a'i chlod,
A'l tbcimab ni tbur amod.





gorweddodd gwawr euddun,
Ynghor Mihangel fyiig hun ;
Mihangel a'r gwayw metyn,
A bwysft drwg a da dyn ;
Pan bwyser i naelder hj,
Pawb a rydd bybyr weddi.
Ni roe'r saint ar oriau'r Sul,
Yr yago'r a roes Gweurul.
Mao'r iloer gida Mair a'i Uu,
Am y foes, yniro lesu ;
Y Bedd, Heiniao'i hanedd hi,
A lanwed o haelloni ;
thelir pwyth i hacHon,
Taler i haelder i hoii.

An elegy on Gwerfyl the daughter of Modoc.
Ad evil mnnth in far Pow)'3
Was March, God helped it not :
A month that inflicted a blow on her bereaved servant
A sad sore month for Gwerfyl's sake.
In the month of March I long for the lair one ;
Tis a month of mourning for the Star.
To her. indeed, March brought comfort
The March that bore my support away.
Sad was it to carry off, m Tanat's land,
A foster mother better than mother or father,
"Very great was the wailing in Maelor
At the passing of the moon underground —
Blameless indeed she entered the house of blessed Mary,
But the firmament was darkened from mom till eve,
A day of lamentation and an end to song.
Truly it was a judgment of good wives
When Gwervyl was laid under the tombstone —
The life of the fair host of attendants ceased,
An end befitting the wives of noble men
Tho sun, the earth, the stars lost their warmth,
Cold as ice was the manor house
In front of Carre" Hova.
Thousands weep, like Alice,
On many a cheek the glow has paled.
Alas ! the multitude, — for the Lady of the Hall,
Fair Gwerfyl ; alas, the Honey Isle.'

' Britain.






Care and distress, alas, for Blodwel —

After her the very summer has turned to winter

Bootless evermore to bring to Talybont

Garlands of flpwers or twined wrojvths !

Alas for me ! that Madoc'a daughter's gone.

No longer will there be the joyous banquets '

O God, that she should be hlildea from our sight —

And she is buried ! Farewell to feasts !

For her hiding loud and long is the lamentation.

But her poems shall not fall mto oblivion.

Though Mary hath what was my life

And God has snapped the marriage-tie, *

Her husband, her bard, her praise,

Her three Sons will keep their pledge —

Though the bright dawn of our desire

Lies in S'. Michael's choir,

S' Michael with his golden lance

Will weigh the good and the evil in men.

And when her bountifulness is weighed

Every one will offer an earnest prayer.

No saiuta, in the Sunday " Hours," was wont to give

So largo an alms as Gwerfyl gave

And for her bounty, with Mary and her host.

Our moon is now in the home of Jesus.

The very ^ravo, in which her body rests

Is tilled with bountifulness —

And if ever munificence receives a reward

Her munitieence will be repaid to her.


. David Llwyd, son of Gruftydd and Qwerfy! Hael, having
Adopted the name of Llwyd, which continued for three

fenerations, married Catherine, daughter of Maredydd ap
enan ah Mai-eUydd of Celyneunau, ab Howcl ab David
ab Gruflydd ab Caradog ab Thomas iib Kodoric ab Owain
Gwynedd, and hatl issue — 1, leuan Llwyd ; 2, Robert
Lewis Glyn Cothi spoke thus of this David Llwyd : —
Yr hwn a geisio da'n rhad,
Aed hwnw i Abertanad.

' "Chwarc rhos" may be au allusion to "the custom, in
fljmpoBiock mcotings, to wear cimplets of roses about thoir heads." —

* " Deuturiau " = indcntiircR.





Wliosocver aeeketh a free gift
To Abertanat let him go.

And the following poem in praise of this David was
composed by the same bard and translated by Howel
W. Lloyd, Esq. The bard t>egins by declaring that he
will lose no opportunity of frequenting the house of
David, " the father of Abertanat," who together with
bis mother Gwerfyl, has won his heart : —

The gifts of Gruffydd (his father) were munificent, and Gworfyl
Has made herself a name liko that of Non, the mother of St.

He has had losses, but David will compensate him for them.
Ho is the Goshawk of Powys Fadog, the Gwalchmai of Maclawr,
A Briton of iihistrious ancestry, \ deeds are chronicled by

hia neighbours.
Though he knew but his mother-tongue, the defect
Nee«I not hinder his advancement, as the man of one speech
Stir» not the envy of others, and is often jjifted with a double

amount of understanding —
The English loi-ds will respect his bravery despite his ignorance

of their language.
Like Sir Peregrine, ho will be feared throughout the Marches,
With his huge lance and .iteed.
If a host from Brittany, headed by a tawny Lion," cross the

It will crumble to pieces at the rebuke of David, whose thigh

is like Llyr's,
His fiinie like that of the ancient warriors, his nock as powerful

as Geraint's,
His whole frame gigantic and muscular as a lion's or grisly

Wrongdoers ho will put down ; but his wine will flow for the

Hia weight alone is as gooil as an income to us, or a heap of

money distributed.
If an apple tree in full blossom will maintain a man,
Ho is one that will mainbiin a thousand, nay to me he is a

whole orchard.
As gore eoni])ared with sweet apples are some countries to


1 Henry,|E^rl of Ilichmond, Afterwards Henry VH.






Gwerh-l's apple is uniaiUng in its sweetness, unlike the sourness

of others.
Like a eriffin is Gniffydd's apple. It is gathered from an

excellent stock.

Icuan Llwyd, son of the aforasaid David Llwyd, married firstly,
Margaret or Maude, daughter and heiress of David LI wyd.
Lord of half the township of Broniarth, ab leuan ab
Gruffydd ab Madog ab Gwenwis, and had issue one son,
feuan Llwyd Fynhan ; secondly, Alice, daughter of
Catlwaladr of Maasmawr, ab sir Gruffydd Fychan, Knight
Banneret, and had is.sue one son, John Tanat {of Brocton).

Icuan LIv.yd Fychan married Elizabeth, daughter of Roger
Thorncs of Shelvock, Salop, and Jane, his wife, daughter
of Sir Roger Kynaston of Hordley, Knt., ab Gruffydd
Kjnaston of Stocks, and had issue — I, Thomas Tanat
(Tanat taken from name of river near their seat at
Al>ertanat) ; 2, Geoffery Tanat. The latter married
Maude, daughter of Gruffydd ab David ab Owain ab
David Llwyd of Halclidyn in Deuddwr.

Thomas Tanat married Catherine, daughter of Matthew Goch
of Newtown Hall, ab Thomas ab Rhys ab David Llwyd,
and had issue — 1, Rhys Tanat; 2, Thomas Tanat, who
married the daughter and heiress of Thomas ab Owain of
Xeucdd Wen ; 3, Robert Tanat ; 4, Gruffydd Tanat ; 5.
Margaret Tanat ; 6, Anne Tanat, who married Edward ab
David Llwyd ab Thomas Llwyd ab David Llwyd.

Rhys Tanat married firstly, Margaret, daughter of Edward
Kyna.ston of Hordley, by whom he had issue one son,
Edward, ancestor of the Tanats of Bro.'tton ; secondly, Mary,
daujihter of Thomas Williams of Wollaston, by whom he
had issue — 1, Thomas Tanat; 2. Catherine Tanat, who
married Edward Onslow of Onslow.

Thomas Tanat married Margaret, daughter of Rj^er Kynaston
of Hordley. ab Edward ab Humphrey of I^'naston. and
had issue— 1, Rhys Tanat ; 2, Roger tanat ; 3, David ; 4.
; 5, Margaret, who married Humphrey WjTin ;
6, Catherine, who married Robert Thomas of Sychtyii ; 7,
Mary ; 8, Anne.

Rhys Tanat of Abertanat, and lord of part of the manor of
Broniarth, 1043, married Mai^ret, daughter of John
Owen of Celynennau and Porkington (father of Sir John
Owen, one of the staunchest Royalists in North Wales),

and had issuo — 1, Thomas Tanat, who married ,

and had issue three children, all of whom died young ; 2,





Owain (OweiiJ Taiiat; 3, Ellin, died 28 Oct., 1670, and
buried on aamo day m hor mother ; 4, Aiary, who married
Sir Evan LIo_v<l of Bodidris, Bart. ; 5, Penelope, who married
Richard Lance of Cornwall, and was buried at Selatt^-n, 8
May, 1671: «he left a It^ifaey of £4 a year to the poor of
that parisli ; fi,\nna.

The above Rhys Tanat died on tho 5'*' Sept', 1661, in
the 53rd year of his a,'»c, and was buried at Llanyblodwel.
Tho direct male line of this (Tanat) family terminated
with Owain, above mentioned, the twenty-third in
succession, who died 18"' Nov', 1868, and was buried at
Llanyblodwel. Margaret, the wife of the above named
Rhya Tanat died 2i) Oct', 1C70, and was buried at
Llanyblodwel at the same time as her daughter Ellin.
Susanna, the youngest daughter of Rhys Tanat, and heireso of
Abertanat, married Colonel Sydney Godolphin, auditor
of North Wales, and had issue — 1, Tanat or Francia
Godolphin, who died of a fever in Flanders, belore he was
of age ; 2, Margaret, Lady of Broniarth ; 3, Mary ; 4,
Penelope, who married firstly, Francis Hoblin, secondly.
Sir Wm. Prendergast, Bart. ; 5, Ellin ; 6, Frances.

The Godolphins wore an ancient Cornish family. "John
de Godolphin was living about the time of the Norman
Conquest, and amoii<rst his feudal possessions, he was
lord of the manor of Godolphin and resided there."'
The above named Hussanna Godolphin died lO"" Feby.,
1766, and was buried at Llanyblodwel. Three of tho
daughters died unmarried. Margaret, the oldest, and last
surviving died at Abertanat, where most of her time was
spent, 5'" Oetr., 1766, ^ed 90, and was laid to rest at
Llanyblodwel on the lO'l" of the same month, leaving her
fortune to her sister Mary's children, Francis, 2"^ Baron
Godolphin, and Jl rs. Owen of Porkington. In the Raster
is an entry by which Vicar Worthington gave her on 3"*
April, 1736, " A seat on the .skreen on ye south side of ye
Communion table." It is stated in Bye-Goves (1877)
that " her funeral was attended by as many old women,
dressed in white flannel gowns as she was years of age,"
and it wa.s said " that her ghost, attire<l in black silk,
sitting on tho Cootiau duon stile, with her littlo pot dos
close by her, just as she used to bo when alive, was, though
dead, the terror of every passer by after night fall," She
was a great bonefiiotress to the town of Oswestry, and by

' Burke'a Extinct Peerage.






<leed (lilted 2"'^ March, 1748, gave a certain messiii^e
with its appurttinanccs to tlic use of the Vicar of
O-swcsLry, provided he should live there. These premises
were exchanged in 1823 for others in Upi)er Brook
Street, known as " The Old Viean^e," whore the Curates
now reside.
Mary Godolphin married Henry Godolpliin, D.D., Dean of Su
Paula and Provost of Eton, and had issue— 1, Henry
(died 17221 ; 2. Francis (2nd and last Barou Godolphin) ;
3. Mary.
Mary (Jodolphin married (in 1730) William Owen, the eldest
surviving son and heir of Sir Robert Owen of Bragyntyn,
and had issue — ^1, Robert Godolphin Owen ; 2, Mary Owen;
3, Francis (killed by a fall from his horse) ; 4, Margaret.
Mary Owen of Brogyntyn married William Ormsby of Willow

Brook, t'o. Sligo. Issue — Mary Jane Ormsby.
Mary Jane Ormsby, heiress of BrOj^ntyn, married William
Gore, Esq., who took the mime of Ormsby-Gore, was M.P,
for County of Salop. Their son, Johu Ralph Ormsby-
Gore of Brotjyiityn, first Lord Harlech, and brother of the
late (second) Lord Harlech, was the right and lineal
descendant, but Robert Godolphin Owen, son of Mary
Godolphin and William Owen of Brogyntyu, by the
disgraceful act of giving vent to his joy at his brother
Francis' premature death, and dancing upori his grave,
sayinw, " Here stands the heir to the Godolphius," so
offended his uncle, Francis, the second and last Lord
Godolphin, the then owner, that he was by him
disinherited, and the Abortanat Estate passed by will to
Lonl Francis Osl)orne, second son of his Grace the Duko
of Leeds (Hintury of Sehtttifn), whose descendant, a,
Diiko of Leeds, disposed of it, about 18(i2, to Mrs. Perry,'
widow of William Perry, Esq., of Shrewsbury, who since
1H40 had rented a portion of the property lying in
LlansaiitfFraid parish, then known as "Gravel Hill,' but
afterwards changeil to " Bryn Tanat." Upon the death of
Mrs. Perry the estate passed to her daughter, Mrs Ijeslio
of Bryn "Tunat, the wife of Henry Leslie, Esq., the eminent
mu.sician, who wti's High Sheriff, for Montgomeryshire,
1SS!>. Mr. Leslie devoted the best years of his hfe with

1 Mrs. Perry wiis the eldest di»ij;liter nf the Kev. John Kyton,
Vicar of Wclliu^rtoii, and Anna Maria I'lmvdcii, liia wife; ouc of her
brotherj Uolicrt William Eyton, the learned author of the

Anli-jviiiea of Shmpskire.





extraordinftry success to maintaiuing and enhancing the
glories of English choral music. In 18.55 ho founded the
iainoiis ehoir that bore his name, which in 1S78 carried off
the first prize in the International Choral t'ompetition at
the Paris Exhibition, The choir in its palmy days was
reckoned to be the finest in the world. In 1880 he
founded the Oswestry School of Music, which did so much
for the advancement of music in that town anil the
surrounding villages. He composed a number of fine
madrigals and part-songs, his trio " O Memory " being
immensely i)opular. He died on Feb. 5th. 189C. and was
buried at Llanyblodwel, His widow t-till survives him,
and continues to Hve at Bryntiinat. Of their sons, -lohn
(the eldest) was a Major in the Artillery, William is a
niemlKsr of Lloyds, Charles a shipping agent, and David
is iu the 1st Shropshire Infantry : their only daughter
Rose is married to Mr. Norman llobinson.


Maredydd ap Bleddyn, Prince of Powys, married Hunedd,
daughter of Eunydd ap Gwernwy, Lord of Uytfryn Olwyd,
Trefelyn and Greaford, and had issue, Gruftydd, Lord of

Gruffydd, Lord of Cyfeiliog, married firstly

and had issue — 1. Owain Cyfeiliog, Prince of Upper
Powys, who died 1197; secondly, Joanna or Erwedd,
daughter of lago, son of Gruffydd ah Oynan, King of
Gwynedd, and had issue— 1. Meurig, who married the
daughter of GruSVdd Carno, son of Hywel ab leuaf. Lord
of Ai'wystli, and had issue Caswallon, who married Elen,
daughter of Llewelyn ab Owain ab Maredydd ab Gmflydd
ab yr Ai^lwydd Rh^s, Prince of South \VaIes. 2. Rhirid
Foel of lijoclwel.

Rhirid Foel of Ulodwel married Jane, daughter and heiress of
Icuan of IJ]o<lwcl, second sou of liowel of Main, an
illegitimate son of Maredytld ab Bleddyn, Prince of Powys,
and had issue — 1, leuan Llwyd of filodwol; 2. Madog ;
3. lorwertli.

leuan Llwyd of Blodwel married and had issue —

1. Madog of Blodwel ; 2, David.

Madog of Blodwel marrieil and had is.sue John Bach

of Blodwel.

John Bach of Blodwel married and had issue John







John Blodwei married and had issue Richard

Riotutrd Blodivel married Margari;t, datii;liter of Gruffydd ah

Hywel ap Maredydd ab Tudor of Main in Meifod, and had

issue John Blodwei,
John Blodwcl married firstly Secondly Mary,

daiif^hter and coheiress of David Llwyd ab Thomas of

Bodlith, Llansihn, and had issue Richard Blodwei.
Richard Blodwei of Blodwei married Prudence, daughter of

Sir Rc^cr Kynaston of Hordley, Knt., and Mai^aret fais

wife, daughter of John Owen Vaiighan of Llwydiarth.
A member of this family, John de Blodwei, born
about 1380, and a native of this parish, was in 1418
installed Dean of St. Asaph. In nis old age he held
the valuable Kectory of Balsliam, near Cambridge,
where he died 13 April, 1462, in which church there is
a Brass recording his virtues. The inscription, which
is in Latin, beginning —

Egregius Doctor qui hoc submarmore pausat,
John Blodweil longo tempore caicus erat.

Hie residens vetulus decor Ecclesije bonus hospes
Cui Deus Hospitium sit requiesqne Deus.

Qui obiit 13 die Mensis Aprihs A.D. 1462.
Cui Deus jetcrnam dot miserans. Requiem.

Browne WiUia'a St Asaph, i. 168.
adds that he received a foreign education, having, in
his early days, studied the Law at Bologna and retired
to practise at Rome, but wbetbei the Civil or the
Canon Law it is difficult to determine. The following
{from Bye-Gones, Sept. 30, 1885) is a translation of the
inscription quoted above :—

This auncyent Gierke of grcte renowno, yt slepeth here belowei
John Blodwei hyghte, long time was blynde, gj'f yee y* trouth

wolde knowe.
Right dere was hee to Holye Churclie, moste passinge iranke

to gueste,
God of his grace in Heaven's bryghtc day him graunte eternall

Whyche dee^ssyd y" thirteenth daye of Aprill, the yere of our

Lordo 1462.

Crist giva him lyghte and resto,
In heaven with the bloste. Amen.





Bistort of tBe parish op llakyblodW£l. 45

Wales at the firste did give mee birthe,

Bolofpift Inwe mee tau^hto,

Itomo y* prftctiso of y' lawc, y' city famed, I son^hte.

Frerid, thys thy pompe is lanoure.

Yea I trust in my goode fiiTiie.

Wealtho, ranko, strengths, beautye, what boe they ?

A sho^owe and a name.

What is the flower of ]yfe ?

Mrate bricfc : ail flesho, Hee sayth, is grasse,

Man wotteth not lyf a endys, yet hoe letty th lyfe to pa^se.

What if liys fate poiiro honours downs f

Yet this he tindyth styli,

That, save y* love of God, no goode but hutli its taste of ill.

Whonie praye of eharitye to take thya deado into Hys

And uial thyselfe niaye never come into the like sad case.
That yee may learno for them y' lyve God's lawe is still

ye same,
So here hys ashes lye to daye that ysster-murn was flame.


Dfivid ab John ab Gutto, alias Gruffydd ab Jenkin ab John ab
Gniffydd ab leuan Fychan ab leuan of Abertanat ab
Goronwy Ddii of Treflodwol, who lived at Abertanat, the
seventh son of Gruffydd of Maelor Saesneg, the second
son of lorworth Foei, Lord of Chirk, married Lowri,
daughter and heiress of John Llwyd ab leuan Llwyd of
Abertanat, and had issue Gruffydd ab David,

Gruffydd ab David of Treflodwel married tirstly Lowri, daughter
and heiress of Reginald ab ]^avid Llwyd ab Robert ab
Maredydd Llwyd ab Gruftydd ab Meirig Llwyd nl Llwyn-
yraaen, and had issue — 1. John ab Gruffydd ; 2. Margaret,
who married John Tanat ab John Hen ; 3 Robert ab
Gruffydd, who married the daughter of Rhys ab forwerth
of Llansilin. Secondly, Catherine, daughter of Etlward of
Blodwel, and had issue Maud (1602).

John ab Gruffydd of Treflodwel, by the church, married Anne,
daughter of David ab Maredydd ab Jenkyn Pen of Pentre
Siencyn, Lord of Bryn. Her mother was Margaret,
daughter of Maredydd ab Addaf of Swydd y Drewen.
Issue David ab John.

David ab John married Anne, daughter of David ab David of
Trallwng, and had issue Rioliard ab David (1602).





John Tanat of Brocton, younger son of leuan Llwyd ab David
Llwyd of Abertanat, married Ellen, daughter of
Humphrey Kynaston, and had issue Edward Tanat.

Edward Tanat married and had issue — 1. Robert

Tanat ; 2, Anne, who married Maurice AVynu ah
LleweljTi of Moeliwrch,

Robert Tunat married GwenlJian, daughter of John ab
William ab Jenkyn Goch, and had issue — I, John Tanat;
2, Maurice Tanat who married Maud, daughter of Thomas
ab Owain ab Gruffydd ab Maurice an GrufFydd ab
lorwerth of Eivionydd (in 34 Elizabeth liverv was
granted to this Maurice Tanat) ; 3, Richard ; 4, Owain ;
5, Robert; 6 Humphrey.

John Tanat married Catherine, daughter of John Pryce, aod
had issue^l, Jane Blodwel ; 2, Alice, who married
William Wynne of Moeliwrch, Llansilin.

Jane Blodwel (heiress) married John Matthews of Hamage
Court, descended from Elystan Glodrhudd, and had issue
— 1, Robert Matthews; 2, Maurice Matthews, who was
Rector of Erbistock, 16(50, and married Catherine,
second daughter and co- heiress of -John Powell of
Bodylltyn, brother of Sir Thomas Powell of Plas-yn-
horslli, Baronet. Jane, the wife of John Matthews, was
buried at Llanyblodwel, 5 Feby., 16M4.

Robert Matthews of Blodwel marned and had issue

— Ursula.

Ursula, heiress, married Sir John Bridgeman, Knt., son of Sir
John, and grandson of the Lord Keeper, Sir Orlando,
Bridgeman (born 1609, a lawyer of great eminence,
liaving been successively Lora Chief Baron of the
Exchequer, Lord Chief Justice of the Common Pleas, and
Lord Keeper of the Great Seal ; created a Baron in 1660).
This Sir John Bridgeman was ancestor of the Eari of
Bradford, the present owner of the Blodwel Estate.
Lady Ursula died 31st January, 1719, and Sir John on
21st July, 1747, and both were buried at Llanyblodwel.

The mansion of Blodwel stood under the west side
of Llanymynech Hill, and waa approached by a drive
connected with the main road leading from Porthy waun
to LlaiisaiitfFraid, but where the connection was, it is
now difficult to say. for that road has been several
times diverted.





The chief entrance was about 200 yards west of the
house, and the two ornamental gate-pillars, on which
were sculptured lions couchant, are still standing.
From thence was a fine avenue of trees, and the drive
was paved with spar, some of which stones are now
being worked up to the surface by the roots of trees
and shrubs growing thereon.

The site of the principal portion of the mansion is
now a garden, but the portion comprising the servants'
apartments, was raised and converted into a spacious
farm-house. On the front thereof is a stone beaiing
the following inscription : —
I U.
A few yards below the old entrance gates is a large
well approached by stone steps, which was, probably,
used for bathing, an it is found to be connected with
the house by pipes for the supply of liot and cold water.
On the north side of the present garden there stands
an elaborately built summer-house, dated 1718, with
the arms of Sir John Bridgeman carved in freestone
over the entrance.

What were the stables and men-servants' rooms are

also standing, on the front of which are a couple of

stones marked respectively —

S. M.'




I. V.


And 80 firmly were these buildings constructed that

when recently re-slated for the fourth time, seven

spars only required renewing ; but there is not any

trace of the dog keimels in the meadow below, where

also was a large fish pool.

' Sinah Mathews, the n'idow o[ Koger Mathews, iind mother of
Lady Ursula.





The approach from the east was by way of the Pant,
over Llanymynech Hill, and down wiuit is now called
The Gullet, and it is said that an outward journey
along this steep route was never attempted without
six horses being attaclied to the carriage.

Since the death of Sir John Bridgenian in 1747, the

fn-euiises have been let as a farm, atid it is now the
argest in the parish, several holdings having been
amalgamated and common lands allotted during the
tenure of Mr John Ward (grandfather of the present
tenant), who came there from Treflach Hall.

The Llynclys and Morton sections of the Bradford
Estate, in this parish, were acquired thi-ough the
marriage of Sir Orlando Bridgeman, Loid Keeper
(before mentioned, and son of Dr. Bndjfeman, Bishop
of Chester), with Judith, daughter and co-heiress of
John Kynaston of Morton.

XV. The Parish Church and its Exdowmexth.

When the church was first erected is not known,
Lhin was a sacred Inclosure long before the Christian
era, for the Druids met there to worship in the open.
Such sites were afterwards adopted for the erection of
sacred buildings, which were mostly of wattle and clay,
the fine stone edifices now seen being centuries later.
It is most probable that some of the early saints, with
their followers, dwelt liere under the protection of some
chief, and on this consecrated site, which is in the
tuwnship of Blodwel, founded a church which they
dedicated to Saint Michael the Archangel. The Gwyl
Mahiaiit (wake or festival), commemorating the
dedication, falls annually on the first Sunday folio .vuig
the tenth day of October, the St. Michael's day for
that purpose being taken as in the Old Style used in
England previous to the adoption of the <Tregonaii
Calendar in 1751. At these Christian festivals
services were held in the church on the evening before
the Saint's day, and from the vigil, watching or waking,







which then took place, they were denominated toacan
or wakes ; and the ol)sei-vance of the festival was
classed with such holy days as Christmas, Easter, &c.,
and became one of the chief events of the year. But
the feast was, in the course of time, abused, for while
some people attended the church for devotion, others
came for sports and diinking, and that to such an
extent that tlie festival in mimy places was put a stop
to. Great crowds used to resort to the villages to
participate in tliese celebrations, so that small traders
and manufacturei-s came to offer their wares, and it is
said that many of the annual fairs that still take
place were thus firet established.

For a brief interval previous to 1160 the churchea
of the district, now comprising the Hundred of Oswestry
(of which Llanyblodwel forms part), were in the diocese
of Lichheld (or Chester, as it was then often called),
and the Bishops of that diocese confirmed grants, &c.,
but in that year this, with the other churches in the
hundred [with the exception of West Felton, which
still remains in Lichfield], were re-transferred to St.
Asaph, in which diocese it has remained (Eyton's

In the thirteenth century the advowson of the
church was in the patronage of the Fitzalans, afterwards
Earls of Arundel and Lords of Oswestry, from whom is
descended to the present Duke of Norfolk, who retains
the title of Baron of Oswaldestre. In 1282 the King
{Eld ward I.), as custos of John Fitzalan's heir,
presented William, son of > icholas Zouch, to the vacant
church, which was returned in the taxation of 1291 as
Kectoria, £G ; Dec, \'2s. ; Vicaria, £2 13s. 4d. non.

In the Calendar of Patent Rolls, preserved In his
Majesty's Record Office, are the following entries : —

1377 (Rich. I.) July 20"" Wastminater. Presentation to
John Stauern, Chaplain, to the Church of Blodvoel in the

^ Thomas's UUlory of ilit Dioceu.







Dioccao of St. Asaph, in the Ring's gift by reason of that
Bishopric being lately void and in the King's hands.

1377. Dec' 10"'. Revocation of the presentation of John
Stauern to the Church of Blodovoel in the Diocese of St

1357 Deif 12. Pardon at the Supphcation of William
(Spridlington) Bishop of St Asaph, of the trespajra and
forfeiture incurred by the acquisition in Mortmain oy Lewis
[Llewelyn] the late Bishop witnout licence of the advowson of
the Cliurch of Blodevole from Richard Earl of Arundel, who
held it in chief and licence from him to hold the same
according to the form of its acquisition, and further that
he may appropriate the church and hold it in mortmain for
finding a Chaplain to perform the mass of St Mary daily in the
Bishop's Chapel for the good estate of the King during life,
and for his soul soon after death, and for the souls of others,
according to the Bishop's ordinance.

Aceordinff to the Valor Ecclesiasticus of 1535 the
Rectorial Tithes vi-ere leased under the Chapter Seal
to one levan for 408. a year, the Vicarial being
returned at £7 12s., Dec. regi 158. 2^.'

In the Terrier of 1749 it is stated that —

The Glebe, tithes and other profits of the Vicarage of
Llanyblodwel, the benefit of the lease included, are well worth
communibus annis Eighty pounds.

In the township of Abertannatt all the small tithes, and
one third of the hay arid com, wool and lamb, belong to the
Vicar, the other two parts being paid to the Rector and Vicar
of Llansantffrayd. In the township of Blodwell all the small
tithes are paid in kind to the Vicar, the great Tithes, viz hay
and corn belong to the Bishop of St. Asaph as Rector of this
parish but are at preaont held by Lease by the Vicar paying
yearly the sum of Ten Pounds.

N.B. There is a part of the Township of Blodwell called
Kefn-y-Maes at a distance of four or five miles from any other
part of the parish, surrounded by the several parishes of
Oswestry, Selattin and Llansilin, tne tithes of which go the
same way as the rest of the township. Part of the great
Tithes belong to the Vicar, in lieu of which when the Lease
was in lay hands he was paid.

' Thoraaa'u Hittory of the Duxeie, p. 529.





In the township of Bryn, one moiety of the whole tithes
great and small belong to the Vicar, the other to the Rector
and Vicar of Pennant. In this township there is a modus for
tithe hay each tenement paying a certain sum of money, some
more, some less, in lieu of it.

The township of Llyncklis pays one moiety of the great
Tithes, viz. Hay and Corn, to the Vicar, the other to the Earl
of Powis, two thirds of the small tithes belong to the Vicar,
the other third to the Vicar of Oswestry.

N B. No part of the Lactuals, Honey, or I^s in Llyncklis
due to Oswestry. Easter duties througoout the parish duo to
the Vicar.

The Clerk's dues are shewn under that heading.

The foregoing, together with the other tithes in
Llynclys, Bryn and Blodwel were valued under the
Tithe Commutation Act of 1836, by Mr John M.
Ashdown, of Uppington, Salop, and those in Abertanat
by Messrs. David Hamer, of Glanyrafon, and Thomas
Withy, of Golfa, Welshpool, as follows : —

To whom f^rMi








Parish Clerk
Rector of Pennanh


Vicar of Oswestry ...
Earl of Bradford ..
R.L1. Kenyon,Esqr.

ton, Bsqr.

£ B. d.

61 10

I 10


£ 9. d.


5 "6
20 10


7 6

£ 8. d.

12 ig n

38 17 5)

35 15 a


£ B. d.

1 10 Q


£ 8.d.

316 6 6

i£t 16 C

4 7 6

20 10

29 10


7 6


1B5 10

131 10 e 1 S3 6

230 10 a

924 17

(-)f the £203 payable to the Ecclesiastical Commis-
sioners from Blodwel the sum of £32 Us. 3d. was in
1853 transfeired to the Rector of Khydycroesau ; and
£70 58. to augment the Vicarage of this parish as from
22nd Febi-uaiy, 1870. In 190:i a further sum of £20
per annum was added ; and in 1904 an additional £40.






The following ia the gross value of the Vicarage :-

£ s. d.

Tilho Ufiit-fimrpe (four townshipfii ... 223 15 6
TIiIr' 111 iii-iliiiiL---' ttMiisfcrml bv Ecclcs-

i;,.i- ..." ... 70 .-)

Cruios I'" '>

Viaimj;o, icucmwils and lands ,5(iac.).., 128 10

In 1850 the Vicar transferred X15 Is. Od. ftom
T. R. C. of Llyiiclys to Earl of Bradford in exchange
for 9a. Ir. 17p. ofland.

5a. 3r. 4p. of the above, comprising house, garden
and land in Blodwel, and usually occupied By the
Curate, was conveyed " to the use of the Vicar of
Llanyblodwel for the time being for ever," Under a
deed of gift, by the Eev. John Parker, on tjje 7tb
August, 1858.

Ihe living is in the patronage of the Bishop of th®
Diocese (St. Asaph) and in the Deanery of Oswestry,
witb a population of 879.

Previous to the passing of the Local Govenment Act
of 1894, under which parochial business was taken
over by the Parish Council, all matters were transacted
in vestry, and the respective masters of Blodwel
School acted as vestry and Parish Cleiks. The present
Parish Clerk is the Itev. J. Melville Jones of Gospel
Oak, Mr. Edward Itoberts of Bridge House acting as

In a return made in 1747 it is stated that —

The Clorlv's ihies nro ojic shoaf of wheat, com, Oats and
Barley, which arc paid him out of the Tithes from every
Farmer that turns out above five sheafs of the same grain;

and these under the Tithe Commutation Act of 1836
were valued at .£4 78. 6d. a year.

The plan of the church takes the form of a double
parallelogram, with three pointed aiches in centre. A





portion of the western half of the north aisle was taken
to form a vestry, with schoolroom over, but the latter,
although forming a constituent part of the building,
has no conmiuiiiciition with the church. The fabric is
of the fiftetiith century style, except the inner south
door, as also the font, whicli are Norman. The shape
of the font is octagonal, with a moulded band between
the bowl and stem. The south windows aie dated
1847, and south dormers 1850 and 1853. The porches
on south and north sides are dated respectively 1849
and 1851, with the initials J.P., the massive door
on the form«r bearing an inscription —

RB: E.D: Wardens 1713.

The initials R.B. and E.D. are those of the wai-dens
for the year, viz., Robert Bowen of Llynclys, and
Edward Davies of Bryn. Previous to 1849 the south
porch was approached by steps, from which there were
again step* descending into the church ; but in that
year the whole were taken away, and the giound from
eastgate brought to Its present level. The inscription
on the north door is — E. RI : I. R 1753. Another
inscription occurs upside down in the west waU of the
Porch— R. M: 1. B. Wardens 1717. These initials
are also those of the respective wardens, Edward
M-orris, Abertanat, and John Roberts, Blodwel, and
Robert Michael, Llynclys, and John Burrows, Bryn.

A beautifully carved screen, extending the whole
width of the church, divides the chancel from the nave.
It has square compartments, with tracery in the upper
part of each, and a doorway in centre. Along the top
is a vine-pattern cornice, with representations of the
hare and otiier animals. The altar (made by the Rev.
John Parker from a copy of one seen in Italy) and rails
and pulpit are also elaborately carved, the latter
occupying its present position in the south wall since
1812. Tlie i-oof, bearing date 1847-48, is divided into
panels, decoi-ated with carved woodwork and










ornamentally coloured, and on the walls are beautifully
illuminated texts. There are two galleries : the larger
one on the north side containing the organ, was erected
by Thomas Davies, builder, Tiefonen, from the plans
and specifications prepared by Mr. Thomas Jones of
Chester, and is accounted for by the inscription on the
front, which is as follows :-—

The accommodation in the Church was increased by the
erection of this Gallery in the year 1835, by which means 47
additional sittings were obtained, and in consequence of a grant
from the Incorporated Society for Promoting the enlargement,
building and repairing of Churches and Chapels, the whole
of them are hereoy declared free and unappropriated for ever.
The expenses incurred in the construction of this Gallery were
defrayed by means of the following subscriptions : —

The Church Buiiding Society

The Earl of Bradford

The Viscount Chve ...

The Rev^ D' Donne

David Hamer Esq {for a pew)

W.'prSard \^"":^ Wardens.
James Donne, D.D., Vicar
D, Davies, Curate

The other gallery, of smaller size, is in the west end of
the nave.
There are sittings for about 300.
Three of the windows are filled with stained glass,
two at the east end and one on the south side. Tlie
first, at the east end of north aisle, pictures the healing
of the Centurion's servant, and the confession of the
Centurion at the Cross. The following is the inscription
on a brass tablet below it :—

To the Glory of God and to the memory of John
Edwards Donne, Lieut, in the Bombay Engineers, who
died of Cholera, caught among his native workmen at
Poena in the Deccan, in the East Indies, the 15'*"
day of June 1851 ; Aged 23 years, this window has
been put up by hia father in humble gratitude to God
for the precious loan of a life rich in highest promise.





The second, above the Communion Table, has the
following wrought in the painted glass : —

James Donne D.D. born Fcbrnarv XIV MDCCLXIV.
Died January XXIII, MDCCCXLlV Alice, his second
wife, born August XXVI MDCCLXV, Died September

And the thii"d, on the south side, repi-esents the Good
Shepherd and Saint Michael the Archangel, and has a
brass tablet on which is engraved —

To the Glory of God and in memory of Elias Ow^en,
M.A.. F.S.A., Vicar of this parish 1892—98; Diocesan
Inspector of Schools 1876—1892; author of "The Old
Stone Crosses of the Vale of Clwyd," and " Welsh Folk-
Lore," This window and tablet are dedicated by his many
friends in the Diocese.

The walls are decorated with handsome marble and
other tablets to the memory of membei s of the
principal .families of the parish, and others having
connection therewith. The following are copies of the
inscriptions thereon ; —

Here lyeth the body of Rees Tanat Esqvirc, who
deceased ye 5'" of Sept' in ye yeare of Our Lord God
1661 in ye SS"* yeare of his age. He married Margaret
the daughter of John Owen Esq. by whonio ho bad issue
5 sons and 6 daughters, whereof 6 survived him, 2 sons,
Thomas and Owen, and 4 daughters Ellin, Mary,
Penelope and Susanna.

Close to this wall lieth ye body of Owen Tanat the
youngest son of Rees Tauat of Abertanat Esq', being
the last heir male of that ancient family & ye twenty-
third successively. Obiit ye 18 day of Nov, in ye year of
our Lord 1668 in ye IS"* year of his age.

Ou ye right side of Rees Tanat Esq", who is interr'd
under ye Communion Table in ye burying place of hia
ancestors, lieth tho body of Margaret his wife, daughter of
John Owen I^q, and sister to the great Loyalist. Sir John
Owen of Cleneney. She departed this life Oct ye 29"'
in the year of our Lord 1670.






Between the body of Marcaret Tanat and the body of
Owen Tanat lieth ye body of Ellin Tauat Spinster, eldest
daufjhter of ye aforasnid Keos Tanat Esq, by Mai^ret his
wife. She died ye 28 day of October and was iiiterr'd ye
same day as her mother.

Here Heth the body of Susanna Godolphin youngest
daughter of Rees Tanat, Esquire, Heiress of Abertanat,
and ye lost of ye family of Tiinats. She was married to
Colonel Sydney Godolphin, Ksq', Auditor of ye Priiicipnlity
of Wales togetfier with ye eounti&s of Lincoln, Xnttingham.
Derby and Cha-ihiro. Also Auditor of Cofferers Ace' of
His .^lnjcsty'a Household and expenees of yc Buildings
and provisions of ye Royall Hospital! at Greenwich, and
Governor of ye Islands and Garrison of Sciily, by whom
she had issue one son and five daughters viz: Tanat,
Mai^ret, Mary, Penelope, Ellin and Frances. Tanat
Godolphin dy'd of a fever in Flanders before he came of n.'^e
having served near seven years under His Majesty King
William and made five campaigns and was as brave ana
stout an otHcer as any of his timo. Frances Godolphin
dy'd a child, Mary married ye Rev' D' Godolphin, Dean of
St Pauls and Provost of Eton College. Penelope married
Francis Hoblin of Nantswiden in Cornwall, Esq", and
since S' William Pendarves of Pendarves in the same
County. She was a prudent Woman a good wife a
tender mother and an exemplary Christian. She departed
this life ye lO'" of February 1728 Aged 76 years. Also
Margaret Godolphin Obiit. 5 October 1766. Aged 90.

Near this stone lieth the body of Prudence the wife of
Thomas Roe of Dolwen, who (lied on the third day of

April in tlie Ht'tieth yciir of her ago and in the year of Our
Lord 17H.5.

Also — Below this stone, the said Thomas Roe wished to
pose, who died on the 11'" day of July in
3 age and iti the year of Our Loi-d 1794.

In memory of John, the second son of Sir John
Bridgeman, of Blodwell, Baronet, who departed this life
ye 4 day of May 1096 aged 2 months.





Rogerus ^^athews de Blodwell Arraiger, vir Summa
probiLato et ingenuis raoribus Exornatus, Sinam filiam
Watkini Kyffin de Glaseoyd Arniigeri uxorem duxit, Ex
qua biiiam Suscepit et Relitjuit Prolem Robertum
suavissimum juvenem Qui decinio nono ^tatis anno
Correptus variolis morti Occubiiit, et Ursulam jam
Hjeredcm totius Patrimonii Quam Johannes Bridgeman
Baronettus sibi adjunxit connubio. Idem Kogerus, cujus
mortalea Kxiivisa Infra jacent sepultfis l^tam Ressurree-
tionem in Adventu Christi Prujstokntes, Pinm EfHavit
animam die tertio Septembris Anno. Dom. 1673.
^tatia sure 30.

Hoc monumentum in niemoriam Optimi Mariti posuit
superstcs conjux.

Cujus et ipsa Latus hie denuo aora quidem, claudit,
nam dla, Geriuana Viduic in Evangelio celebratiu quura
Septcnniiim a Virginitatc Sua cum Viro Vixerat, exinde
Sola Rclicta Vere Vidua per Sexi^inta ot tres Annoa
perseveravit Deo Pauperibns Operam navando
Gran die va tandem Scpulchrum ingressa est Sicut
infertur Acervus Tritiei in tempore suo Quum cnini
nonaginta et duos aimos complevorat 28 die Auguisti Vita
defuncta est A.!). 173().
Family motto underneath the foi-egoing : —
"Kais y Goruchatiaeth sydd o Dduw yn unig."'

This monument was erected by S"^ John Bridgeman
Bar' in memory of his excellent Liwlv Ursula yo daughter
and heir of Ro^er Matthews of ulodwell Esq'. She
was a person whose name may justly be mentioned with
honour for the virtues whicti ahincd in her whole
conversation. God had endued her with fine natural
parts which she applied to attain such accomplishments
as might be usetul to her in her station. She was
aifeble and courteous and generally conversed with
cheerfulness, tempered with great modesty, meekness
and prudence, and manned all her affairs with dis-
cretion. She well knew how to address and entertain
persons of distinction in decent manner and how to treat
those of inferiour rank with condescention and respect
without lessening her own character. But her cnief
ornament was the regard she shew'd to religion, which
she rightly understood and made it her business to

' " Sock tlmb ExcelleocB which cotncth of God alone."





practice. She had daily her statwl times of retirement to
seek the crace and favour of God and auijuaiut herself
with his Holy Word. She was constanly present at the
prayers in her family and in her attendance upon the
public worship of God. She was exemplary, moved by
the jjood principles she had embraced and the great
esteem she ha<l of the Litui^ of the Church. The sense
she had of religion also evidently appeared in her care of
several duties oelonf^ng to her according as she stood
related. She was a most dutiful daughter, an agreeable,
loving and obedient wife, and the welfare of her children
.lay near her heart. She was civil to all who had occasion
to attend her, but received her friends with particular
kindnes.s. She was charitable in an eminent degree and a
pattern of all good works. She bore with great patience
and submission tbc long weakness it pleasea God to send
her before he took her to himself, 31 Jan^ 1719 aged 48.

Sir John Bridgcman, Baronet, son of Sir John and
grandson of the Lord Keeper Sir Orlando, with the Estate
and honour of his ancestors, Uiherited their virtue and
religion. Xone of these suffered in his possession. He
was an ornament to his generous descent, respected much
for his birth and fortnne, more for his own approved
goodness. He was a friend to liberty and his country
unalterable, for he served their cause upon principle and
wanted no other motive to any good than a conscience of
right. Few pci-sons have ever Ixscn more valued in their
life, few more missed at their death. His regard to
his Lady was exemplary, such as she who was worthy of
all esteem and affection deserved ; this tenderness for her
increased his fondness tor those pledges which she left
him. He was plain in manner, easy of access ; an enemy
to all vice, injustice and oppression, courteous, hospitable,
beloved. The poor blessed his Habitation. He had an
honesty of heart and simplicity of speech, far preferable to
the flash of wit and all the brilliancy of outward shew.
In him two excellent characters which are often thought
incompatible were conspicuously united, of a faithful and
zealous friend to the Established Church of this Kingdom,
and of a no leas steady and zealous friend to the present
reigning family. His own family and closet were daily
conscious of his private devotion. In the Church of whicn
he<l biniscH a niemlier he constantly attended toall
the othces of worship, and wasdiligent to tramehiE wholelife








as a sincere Christistn : As such doubt not he will be finally
rewarded at the ressureetion of the just by Our Lord and
Saviour Jesas Christ. Amen. Happy reader who ahalt
have lived as he lived ! This worthy Gentleman resided at
Castle Broniwich in the County ot Warwick, where he has
left a inoniinient of his piety and goneronsity, in a
beautiful chapel, and a name enriched with goocl works.
There ho died 21" dav of July 1747 Aged 80 years. His
remains are deposited in this Churcli, where those of his
Ijwly who was a!iuj,'hter and solo heiress of RoKcr Mathews
of Blodwel in this County Eso', by whom he had tive
sons, Orlando, John, Roger, Jolin and George; Orlando
succeeded his father ; Roger, Doctor in Divinity, Died
Rector of Wiggan unmarried ; John the second son and
George died young ; and two daughters Ursula (married
to Hugh Williams of Chester Esq) and Judeth.

As a token of tilial piety and gratitude this monument
i.s erected to the memory of her much honoured father
by Judeth Bridgeman 1752.

Francis Cunlifle, fourth son of Sir Foster Cunliffe Bart
of Acton in the County of Denbigh, by Harriett his wife,
born Feby HI, MDCCLXXXIX. Died Oct' XXVII,
'"Blessed are tho pure in heart for they shall see God."

In Memory of Thomas Browne Fouikcs M.A. for 32
years Vicar of this parish, Died 31 March 1895 aged 79.
"Therefore being justified by faith we have grace with
God, through our Lord Jesus Christ." — Romans v., 1.

The services in the church were until a few years
ago conducted alternately in Welsh and English. In
the Account Book of the Sacramental OfFerings, it is
recoided that the communicants were in the
[Good Friday 7

Year 1812 fe;^'^''^^'*? ?J
Whit-Sunday 15
(^Christmas 25

Welah. Knglish.
1835 October 4 ... ... 21

„ November «"' ... 37






Welefa. English
1836 January 10"' ... 30

„ Feby 7'" 29

1847 Sop' 2 ... ... 40

., Oct 3 ... 33

Now the English predominates, but a Welsh Sei'mon
is given every Sunday afternoon.

A small organ, built about 1862, the cost of which
was defrayed by voluntary subscriptions, stands in
the north gallery. Previous to its erection the singing
was, according to custom, accompanied by reed and
string instruments, the necessary fittings — r" reeds for
the musick" and strings, and bonuses to some of the
performers, being defrayed out of the church rates, as
was also the tuition and entertainment of the Psalm
Singers, which took the form of an annual supper
at the Horse Shoe Inn.

The instrumentalists about fifty years ago were
William Jones, sexton (clarion ette); John Jones, Junr.,
Glanyrafon (violoncello); Richard Pugh (clarionet),
Thomas Hughes, Tynycoed (accordion), and principal
singers, M. A. Roberts, School House ; Maria Williams,
Werngwta ; Esther Roberts, Porthywauu ; Mary
Pryce, Porthywauu ; Edward Jones, Glyn ; John
Uavies, Penrhiw, with Matthew Roberts as conductor.
Two of these are still living- — Esther Roberts (Lloyd)
and John Davies (of Jackson, Minnesota), and the
latter writes to say tliat the singing was remarkably
fine. He relates an incident that occurred soon after
his admission. Mrs. Thomas Hughes of Tynycoed, a
much respected parishioner and an esteemed member
of the choir, died somewhat suddenly, and at the
ail gladdfdigaeth (as the memorial service was then
called) on the Sunday morning following the funeral,
the minor tones of the requiem selected had barely
been sounded, when every chorister broke down except
Mr. Davies, who was unacquainted with the deceased,
and he launched into the soprano and sang the hymn
through alone.





Two of the instruments — violoncello and bassoon —
are still presei-ved on the premises, in a chest provided
for the purpose by Mrs. Lieslie.

The singing keeps very efficient, the master or
Blodwel School acting as organist and choir master.

Church Goods.
In an Inventory of Ctiuitih Goods, Temp. Edward VI. ,
printed in the T'l-aiixactiorut of the Shropshiie Arcliae-
ological Society, Vol. xiii., appears the following : —

Btodwall, 9 May 7 Edward VI. (A.D. 1553) Robert ap
Thomas, Curate, Robert ap David find Thomas Meredytn,
Church Wardens, and Kryftyth ap Yevans.
Two small Bells

[one chalice of silver is entered on the Inventory, but
scored through.]
And further —

A chalies of Syl'r W a paten
ij belles of one accordo.
There are at present (1904) —
1 rin^on (silver 56oz.)
1 d" (glass)
1 Paten (silver)
1 d» (plated)
1 d" (silver)
1 Chalice (silver)
1 d" (plated)
Book entitled —

A Discourse of the Offices


V of November

XXX of January


XXIX of May


Thomas Comber D.D.

Bishop of Durham

Printed in 1690.

The latter is referred to in an Inventory of Church
Pi-opei-ty by the Rev Randolph Parry, Vicar in 1749,
and as there is a brass holder of a ring in the corner ot






the cover, it must at one time have been chained
in the c}mi-ch. It was relx)Und in vellum A.D. 1844,
at the ex]>en-ie ot'tlie Rev. John Paiker.

In the Inventory referred to were also Dr.
Hammond's •' Paraphrase and Annotations on ye New
Testament, " Xourse's " Homilies," Dr Comber on " ye
Common Praver,"' " A serious and friendly Addi-ess
from a Minister to his Parish it mei-s," Mr. Worth injjt on 's
"Scheme of Heilemption ;" but they are omitted in
sub«e<^uent returns. There is no date on. any of the
plate, tmt tlie riaijon l>eai-s an inscription, " The gift ot
tlie Honouied Mrs Siiia Mathews of Blodwell Widdow
to the Parish Church of Llany blodwell." The chalice
beai-s the Mathews' ci-est, and tiie inscription "Blodwall
Parish." and on the Paten and the chalice lid are the
arms of Mathews impaling Kyftin.

An eight-day clock for the church and an altar
cloth were presented by the Rev. T. B. Foulkes in

The surrounding gi-aveyard, contains numerous
tombs and monumental stones, many of which have
l>een defiiced by time, but among the legible are those

To the saereil raemorv of John Parker, Angust 13.
1800. He wivs 16 vcsirs Vicar of Blodwel. He depi^-ted
from us at 61 years old, but his work remains.

Thomas Browne Foulkes, M.A, Vicar, 1860—1892 ; died 1895.

In loviiifi memorv of Henrv David Leslie, Musician, of
Bryn Tanat. Born I'lme IS"' 1822, Died Feby 5"" 1896.

Sleep, for 'tis only sleep, and there -shall be new life

for thoe at duv.
So sleep in Christ, until the restful night has

pas.'jed away.

Here lycth y* body of Edward, thinl son of Robert
Matthews of Blodwell, Esquire, Deceased June ye 12"'
1715 aged 69.

And to members of the families of Hamer, Glanyi-afon ;
Heyward, Blodwel ; Watkin, Bryn





Owen, Bryn ; Hughes, Tyiiycoed ; Davles, Blodwel ;
Boweii, Bryiiygroes; Lloyu, Carreghova ; Jones, Garth
Uchaf; Edwaixls, Abeitaiiat Hall; itobeits, Pant;
Edwards, Penylx)iit Farm ; Wanl, Penybont Hall ;
Edwards, Cefii Abertaiiat; Williams, Penylxmt; Jehb,
Ellis Jones, Portliywaun ; Davies, Penyhont Mill ;
Priteliai'd, Cefii Abertanat ; Morris, Peuisa'rllan ;
Whitfield, Abertaiiat Hall ; Davies, Garth Ucha ;
Donne ; Morris, Ty Isivf ; Hughes, Bi-ynygi-oes ; Morris,
Tynycoed ; Etlwanls, Tanat Hoiise ; Ward, Blodwel
Hall ; Gritfiths, Nut Tree ; Williams, Sweeney ;
Moreton, Penybont; CandUn, Dovaston ; Aubrey,
Broom Hall.

Henry Piiison Tozer Aubrey came to Oswestry in
1811, in charge of the French prisoners. He married
Mrs. Griffiths Aubrey, and assumed as a surname, her
maiden name Aubrey. He was Mayor of Oswestry,
1822, and one of the permanent Magistrates of that
Borough. He died at Broom Hall, Sept. 30th, 1848.
Aged G9.

When Mr. Aubrey was Mayor, William Doughty, a
Primitive Methwlist Local Preacher from the Burland
(oow Nantwich) Circuit, sought to establish a branch of
that oif-shoot of the Wesleyan Methodists, at Oswestry.
He was taken l>efore the Mayor, charged with
preaching in the streets, and was committed to the
County Gaol for a month. It need scarcely be said
that nothing could have happened letter calculated to
help Mr. Doughty to attain his object. He came back
to the town and continued preaching, and in Oswestry
he died. Mr. Aubrey, in several ways, afterwards,
showed bis appreciation of Mr. Dougbty's sterling
character {The Records of the Corporation ofOsivestfy).
Mr. and Mrs, Aubrey spent a poi-tion of each year at
their farm, Cefn Blodwel, in this parish. Upon the
death of Mrs. Aubrey in 1873, the premises were
acquired by the Earl of Bradford.

Near to the south poixiii is a small headstone with
an inscription —






Mary Williams

Died March lO"- 1845

Aged 100 years

In the Register, the deceased is stated to be from
" Porthywaen, Llyaclys."

Some additional buiying ground was given by the
Earl of Bradford, and consecrated in 1894.

A couple of ancient stone coffins lie outside and
against the spire, and are said to have been discovered
when excavating for some of the walls. They are
Norman in character, having a place for the head
chiselled out of the stone, and on one of them is a
small cross at the head and foot. For some years
previous to the restoration of the church one of them
stood reared up on end Inside the south porch. The
stone lids belonging were, no doubt, broken in making
the discovery.

A number of quaint tombstones, but possibly of
high order when erected, stood at the east end of the
church, and as the inscriptions were entirely obliterated
they were carted away during the progress of the
restoration of the church (about 1850). It was
supposed they belonged to the old families of Blodwel

In a low wall near south porch and supporting the
gi-aveyard, are two inscribed fragments of a sepulchral
slab, with the figure of a hare chased by a greyhound,
(the head of thelatter only appears). Such of the raised
letters as are perfect are m the fourteenth century
style, and form the beginning of an inscription " Hie
jacet." The hare being represented on these stones,
and on chancel screen, connects the parish with that of
Pennant Melangell, Melangell being regarded as the
patron saint of the Hare, as Saint Michael is of the
Geese. In the legend given by Mr. Pennant the
Historian, Melangell is stated to have been the
daughter of an Irish monarch, who had determined to
marry her to a nobleman of his own court. The
princess, however, had vowed celibacy, jind she fled




from her father's dominions, and took refuge among
the hills at Pennant, Montgomeryshire, where stie
lived for Hfteen yeai-s without seeing the face of a
man. Bi-ochwel Ysgythrog, Prince of Powys, being
one day, in 604, engaged in hare hunting, pursued his
game until he came to a great thicket, where he was
amazed to find a virgin ot surprising beauty engaged
in deep devotion, with the hare he had been pursuing
under her robe, boldly facing the dogs, who had retired
to a distance, howling, notwithstanding all the efforts
of the sportsman to make them seize their prey. Even
when the huntsman blew his horn it stuck to his lips.
Brochwel heard her story, and gave to God and her a
piece of land to be a sanctuary to all who fled there,
and desired her to found an abbey on the spot. She,
did so, and died in a good old age. Her hard bed,
" Gwely Melangell," is still shewn in the cleft of a
rock. She was buried in the neighbouring church
of Pennant, which from her is distinguished by the
addition of Melangell. St. Monacella (the Latin form of
Melangell), is, in consequence of this incident, regarded
as the patron of Hares, which are called in Welsh
" Wyn Melangell " {Monacella's lambs).

As will be seen by the schedule of tithes payable
out of the parish, the Hector of Pennant receives
anapportionment of -£20 lOs. from the Bryn Township,
in consideration of seivJces performed (according to a
note in the Pennant Terrier of 1636) in a chapel at
Penti-e In " Ti'e'r Bryn " (Thomas's History of the
Dioceae). The situation of this chapel Is very uncertain
as no trace of it is left, but about the year 1849
the stocks or roots of two exceedingly large yews were

f rubbed up in a field on the Tynewydd farm (Mr Wm.
ones), and later, when draining through a slightly
elevated tract of ground in the same vicinity, the soil '
had the appearance of having been disturbed before.
The spot is not far from the site of what is l)elieved to
have been the principal house in the township, now
called Hen Fryn (see under Bryn). On another fann,






now in the occupation of Mr. Richard Watkin, at the
east end of the township, there is also what appears to
have been the site of such a structure. The trunk of a
large and old yew was removed from there some years
ago, and in the adjoining field, below the surface and
parallel with the fence pointing in the direction of
where the yew stood, is the bed of a road; so a little
excavation may decide the question of its situation.'

The belfry, previous to 1855-6, was a small one with
slated roof At this time an octagonal spire of great
height was designed by and {with the exception ot the
haulage, which was done by the fai'mers of the parish)
erected at the sole cost of the Vicar, the llev. John
Parker, and it was his intention to have it fitted
up with three bells and a clock. Mi. Parker has left in
a MS. at Sweeney this account of it^

Tlie general outline of the spire is that of the German
Fribourg and the doinioal curvature, though of dilHcult and
rare form, is geometrically stronger than that of the straight-
sided spire ...... In the alternate arrangement of the

windows the example of Sedgeberrow, a Gloucestershire chui"ch,
has been copied. The sairie distribution of wmdows occurs in
the Keep-tower of the Early English castle of Stokesay,

Mr. John Davies, who worked upon its erection, states
that the free stone used was brought from Sweeney
and Shelvock. and afterwaids dressed bj' some
Scotch masons, under the superintendence of John
Vaughan, and the woodwork and scaffolding were
under the direction of Thomas Jones, " carver," a
skilful mechanic, who had laljoured tor yeai-s at the
Vicarage and upon the [)ews and chancel of the church.
A large and deep chamber was dug for the foundation,

1 A MS. note by John Evans, dated ^fnrcli 30th, 1844, states that
" The Bryti Chapel stood in a field near to where the road from Mr.
Edward Jones of Bryn to Mr, Kilnei-'a crosses the lane. There is n
yew tree in the field and grave Htoiies have been dug up in drainiug
the field. The above luciitioiied field is the property of D. Hamer,
Kw]."- Kti.







and about twenty feet above .it was built a strong
platfonn whereon the cement and rubble were mixed
and cast below with great force, each layer being left to
harden before another was added, and after the whole
had become Hke a solid rock, commenced the building
operations. The perilous work of fixing the scaffolding
and blocks throughout was done by George Edwards,
Cefn, who, before the completion, " struck " for higher
wages, and no steeplejack being within reach, his
demand had to be granted. The patterns for the
stones in the peculiar bulge that exists from midway of
the structure were made by Thomas Jones, and
wonderful to relate, not one of the many workmen was
injured during its erection. It contains but one bell,
which not only calls people to service, but here it
is customary for it to be rung after the service on
Sunday morning. This, in some of the parishes in
Wales, is called " Y Gloeh Botes " or Broth Bell, and
it is stated its pui])ase was to let those who remained
at home get the dinner ready, of wliich the first course
was poteN or a piggin of porridge. Accoi-ding to
Ehglmh Folk-Lt>re, "it is sometimes called the Pudding
Bell, and is rung in order to warn the cook that
dinner time is near at hand."

The ringing is now done by the sexton, but formerly
it was, no doubt, (mrt of the clerk's duty, for which he
received, the customary bell sheaf or ysguh y gloch, and
mention of tliis jiarticular dote is made in the Bryn

The ai-chv.'ay, built of stone and biick, connecting
the spire with west end of the church bears the in-
scription — -"From Lightning and Tempest, from Earth-
<piake.s and Fire, Good Lord deliver us."

In addition to the erection of tlie sjiire, Mr. Parker
also -designed and Iwre the cost of the chancel roof,
porches, south windows and many other improvements,
having, it is believed, spent upwardsof £10,000 during
his incumbency (1844— GO), and so pohte was he that
a poor man once said, " When I take my bill to Mr.





Parker, he bows to me, and payS without a word, and
in 80 courteous a manner as if / paid him a large

The churchyard was remarkable for some fine yew
trees, but becoming dangerous from decay they had to
be cut down some forty years ago, except one standing
near the eastern entrance gate, which was lopped only.

The residence of the Vicar stands on the banks
of the Tatiat, a short distance west of the church, and
in a Return made by the Rev. Randolph Parry, Vicar,
in 1749, was described thus :—

One small house of brick and stone, coDttiiniug only
two rooms on a floor, one a kitchen filled with stones, about
16 feet in length, and ten in breadth, with a room over it
of the same dimensions, the other a parlour, about fifteen feet
sciunre, well boarded, plaistored and ceiled, with a room over it
of e([ual dimensions, two small Garrets, one small passjij][e and
stair case, with a passage answerable to it above stairs, and
a small closet, one narrow Isle or shoring on ye south side
of ye house which is ii'zed for brewing and baking; there
is another Isle at the east end built by Mr. Worthington, late
Vicar, which is divided into two parts, one serves for a pantry,
ye other for a cellar. This new Isle is built with stone
and well covered with slates, the whole house besides is built
with bricks and covered with slates. Also one small bam and
stable under ye same roof about fifteen yards in length
and five in breadth, built chiefly with timber, excepting
the stable, which is partly walled with stone, the whole
is covered with straw. On ye south side of the bam is a
pitiful old .ihoring to put in three or four beasts, which seems
at first to have been built with old deojtyed timber, and
the spars which are only .smill oaler poles are now quite

A new lesidence was built In 1833, and suhsequently
much improved, principally by the Rev, John Parker.
The premises, with the yards, gardens, pleasure grounds
and drive, cover an area of 4a. 2r. 9p.

Lift f.f Vicars rvith Dates of Aiypointment.
Vicars. ^urates,

1537. leuan ap Tudur.
1553. Robert ap Thomas.





Vicars. Curates.

1562. John ab leuan.
1575. Thomas Vaughan.
1579. Peter Brereton, M,A. ; son of Thomai) Brereton, Rector

of Llandrinio, 1557—1560;

Vicar of Llandrillo in

Edeimion, 1598—1604.
1629. Edward Tanat, MA. Gwallter

Meehain, in his Hiniory of

LlanHilin, states that Ed-
ward Tanat wa.s ejected by

the Parliament from this

Vicar^e of St. Michael in

Blodwel, and collated to

Llansilin by Bishop Griffith

in 1661.
1662. David Kyffin, U.A.
1668. Robert Niehtinyale, MA.;

Vicar of Llan sun tff raid,

1672; Rector of Llaiierfvl,

1072. Iiewis Lloyd; Vicar of Llan-

santffraid, 1675.
1675. Evan Humphreys, M.A. ;"|

Rector of Llanymvnech, . .i ti .

168G-17I3. Monument (*'"'"' ''"'''"°-

there. J

(Evan Evans.
1713. William Powell. M.A.; Dean|john Jones.

of St. Asaph, 1731. ] Richard Lloyd.

[Edward Vaughan.
1729. WiHiam Worthington, M.A. ;

Vicar of Ll&nrhaitidr, 1 745.

A very learned and eminent

1747. Randolph Parry, B.A.; VicarJ' Lewis Tnrner.

of Gnilslield, 1755—69. \l>.iniel Owen.
1753. David Lloyd, LL.B.; Canon]

of St. Asaph, 1748. Buried ' John Jones.

at LI an sail iff raid, 25 March, (John Whitfield.

1761. }

1761. John Williams, LL.B.
1790. DavidEvans. BuriedSOApriM

1798. He was of Esgair-VOwen Williams.

gcilio^, Mont. J






Vicars, Curatea,

I" Wm. Wynn Owea.

1798. James Donne, D.D. ; Master 1°^'^ "^fSf ' ,
of Oswestry bchool, 1796- - j^ j^^^^

^^'^•^- 1 John C. Phillips.

i David Davies.
/Thoraas Hughes.

1844. John Parker.M.A., of Sweeney Lj' i

11 11 A .L c m . K- Jones.

Hall. Author or The ,-, xi .

,, ,„„, James Hughes.

Pa«,n.jer,. 18,M. \^^^^^ ,^^^

I'^Richard Jones.
Hugh Jones {now Hullaiid
low. inomas jirown rouiKos, w.a.: John Price.
W. Watkins.
Thomjia Jones (Tudno).
l_John Allen Jones.
1892. Elias Owen, M.A., F.S.A. ;
Diocesan Inspector of
Sehools.l 876— 1893; author
of Old Stojif. CroKKpa of ihe
V,det,fClu^!j<l WfhkFulk-
Lore, Ac.
1899. John Allen Jones, B.A. ;
P.O. Llwvdiarth, 1802—

Of Dr. Doime, who was Vicar from 1798 to 1844,
Mv. John Davies, who was a member of the church
choir, but now lives at Jackson, Minnesota, writes :—

Tlie only time I ever saw Dr. Donne must have been iu the
early forties. A venerable looking old patriarch, rather below
nicuium size, to whom women courtesicd and men dotted their

hats, as they met him with his cane, and what

surprised mo was his rich vesture, which, with the exception
of his white cravat and the largo silver buckles of his snoes,
was entirely black, even his knee brcedies, and his hat was of
tlio same shape as those worn by the Pilgrim Fathers of New

The Rev. John >*arker, who was uncle to the late
Mr. Stanley Lelghton, member of Parliament for the
Western Division of the County, was the second son of








Thomas Netherton Parker of Sweeney Hall, Oswestry
(who came of an old Worcestershire family), and was
l)orn at Hattoii Grange, in this county, in 1798. He
took the degree of B.A. at (Jriel College, Oxford. He
was ordained in 1822, and became Curate of Morton,
and in the following year was admitted to Priest's
Orders. From 1827 to his appointment to this parish
he held the living of Llanmerewig. He was a devoted
a^lmirer of Gothic architecture, which is testified by the
work carried out hy him here, in the tower and the
interior of the chui-ch, in the ectiool and the teachers
house, and in the Vicarage house. " Si monuraentum
quseris, circumspice."


RegUtcrs. — Vol. I., 1695—1756, Pai-chment, Bap-
tisms, Marriages and Burials; contains
also Briefsaiid Churchyard Memoranda.
Vol. H., 175G— 1808, Parchment, Bap-
tisms and Burials, with a List of
Vicars from 1597—18(10.
Vol. in., 1755 — 181!^, Paper, man-iages.
Vol. IV., 1809—1812, Parchment, Bap-
tisms and Burials.
Vol. v., 1813—1842, Baptisms.
Vol. VI., 1813—1837, Marriages.
Vol. VII., 1813—1867, Buriars.
Vol. VIII., 1843, Baptisms,]
Vol. IX., 1837, Marriages, [in use,
Vol X., 1867, Burials, J

Teii-ier-s (1734 in Vestry Book) : — 1749, Parchment,
and 1793, Parchment.

Vesfry and Cfmrchicardcus Books. — 1709 — 1762;

1712—1776; 1762—1785; 1776—1791; 1794-1833;

1814—1823; 1827—1895; 1860— . . .? 1894—1898.

lAsU of Ifpf/ister-s, — P/'ite and Fitpem hy T. B.

Foulkes, Vicar.






Tithe Rent-Charge Awards : —
Abertanat, 1838, 1843.
Bryn and Blodwell, 1839.

Blodwell altered, 1859 and 1869.
Llynclys, 1846.

Exchange between Lord Bradford and
Vicar, 1850.
Rectorial Tithe Apportionment.
2 Maps. — Parish with Townships coloured.

Blodwell Township, 3 (one coloured).
Cefnymaes, 2.
3. Plan of Llynclys Farm and Erw Bant.
Vicarage.. — 4 Groundplans of House, Grounds, Stable,
Land, 1815, 1848.
Lease of 3a. Or. 31p. by Earl of Bradford,

to Vicar Donne, 1843.
Deed of Gift of Blodwel Cottage by

Vicar Parker, 1858.
Compensation of ,£52 Is. Od. by Shrews-
bury and N. W. Railway.
Gazettes. — 1861, re Morton Parish.

1871, re T. R. C Exchange.
1904, Augmentation by Ecclesiastical
Scko'ils- — ^Llanyblodwel, 1753, Aug. 24, in Vestry
Llanyblodwel, 185G, conveyance of site of
new school. Endowment by Miss Bridge-
man, jjcjies Ecclesiastical Commissioners.
Porthywaen, 1838, lease of site for 99 years
by Viscount Clive, at 2/6 per annum.
Plan of Old School.
Charity— 1G57, copy of Will of Ed ap Thomas of

Sough ton .
Letters and Papers in Bundles (unimportant).
Insurance Policies. — Church, in Alliance Office for
.£3,500; Vicarage, Yorkshire Office for ,£900 ;
Buildings, Yorkshire Office for .£100.

"Dean Comber on the Offices," 1696, bound and
clasped. ^Ei).






1690—1. David Redrop, John Lloyd.

1691 — 2. Roger Skollorn. Blodwel ; Rob' Evana, Abertanat.

1692—3. John Jones, Kdward Meredith.

1693—4. Edw-i Eager. Blodwel; W* Pierce Gen',Tu-yn-y-coed.

1694—5. Rich" Davies, Edward ab Rondle.

1695 — 6. I )avid Jonos, Blodwel ; Evan ab Andrew, Abertanat.

1696—7. Griffith Owen, Humphrey Joiie-s.

1697—8. Riehard Hughes. John Rondle.

1698—9. -lohn Llovd, Saniuet Morris.

1699—1700. Rich''" Storer, Abertanat; EdW ab Richard,

1700 — 1. Qabrial Lloyd, Bryn ; John Jones. Llynelys.
1701—2. Edv^ ab Robert, Cefnyraaes; Humphrey Bumell,

1702 — 3. John Hanmer, Bryn ; EdW pavies, Llynelys.
1703—1. Edw^Skellom, Blodwel; John Williams, Abertanat.
1704 — 5. Robert Ekiwards, David Jonea.
1705—6. Edw Davies, Blodwel; John Foulkes, Abertanat.
1706 — 7. Arthur Bowen, Llynelys ; Rich'' Burrows, Bryn.
1707—8. David Oliver, Blodwel ; Rob' Owen. Abertanat.
1708 — 9. Andrew Morris, Brvn ; Tho' Price, Llynelys.
1709—1710. EdW Edwards, Blodwel; Lewis Parry, Abertanat.
1710 — 1. David Pierce, Brvn ; The* Jenninjjs, Llynelys.
1711—2. John Hayward, filodwel; Tho' Tannat, Abertanat.
1712^ — 3. Rob' Bowen, Llynelys; Edw Daviea, Bryn.
1713—4. Rich"' Storer, Abertanat; Tho' Hughes, Blodwel.
1714 — 5. Edw James, Bryn ; -loseph Harris, Llynelys.
1715 — 6. John .Morgan, Blodwel ; Peter -lones, Abertanat.
1716 — 7. Rob* Michael, Llynelys ; John Burrows, Bryn.
1717 — 8. Humphrey Burnett, Blodwel; Rich. Howeli,

1718 — 9. Daniel ab Edward, Llynelys ; The' Evans, Bryn.
1719— 1720— Tho* Smith, Aberttinat; Owen Owen, Blodwel.
1720—1. Henry Lloyd, Bryn ; Tho' Daniel. Llynelys.
1721 — 2. Tho' Rogers, Abertanat ; John Lewis, Bryn.
1722 — 3. David Davies. Bryn; Rich. Bowen, Llynclya.
1723 — 4. Rob' Parry, Abertanat; Matthew Hughes, Llanddu.
1724 — 5. John Owens, Llynelys ; Edw'* Saunders, Penybont.
1725 — 6. David Thomas Saltman. Blodwel ; John Rogers,

1726 — 7. Rich. Davies, Bryn; Hugh Davies, Llynelys.
1727 — 8. Edw. Dagger, Blodwel; Rob' Jones Abertanat.
1728 — 9. Arthur Oliver, Llynelys ; David Evans, Bryn.


. ' n,s,t,.,.dDi. 





1730. Tbo* Cadwaladr, Blodwel ; Tho" Cwnn. AbertenaL
I, Humphrey Thomas, Bryn ; Ed. Daniel, Llynclj'a.
'2. Josepn Harris, Blodwel ; Georpe t.'aink, AbertaiiaL
S John 'ones, Bryn ; JcfFery Williams, Llynclys.

Meredith Morris, Abertanat ; Edw. Watkiu.

Tho* Vdughan, Bryn; John Prj'ce, Llynclys,

Tho' Dodd, Abertanat ; Rich. Howell, Blodwel.

.John Jones, Bryn ; Geo. Maddox, Llynclys.

John Jones. Blodwel ; Evan Richards, Abertanat
1738—9. Henry Lloyd. Bryn ; Joseph Harris Llynclys.
1739—1740. Rich-- Skellom, Blodwel; Tho" Edwards,

The* Evans, Brvn; Edw. Michael, Llynclys.

John Hughes, ^Iddwel ; Evan Thomas, Abertanut.

.'ohn Morris. Bryn ; Rich' Jennings, Llynclys.

John Oliver, BltKlwell ; Ed. Morris, Abertanat.

Tho* Evans, Brvn : Tho' Harris, Llynclys.

Tho* Evans RoV Pi.rry, Abertanat.

Ellis Jones, Llynclys ; Rich** Owen. Bryn.

Rob' Evans, Abertanat ; Rich'' Kdwards, Blodwel.

John Lloyd, Llynclvs ; Benjamin Vaughan, Bryn.

1731— -^
173-2 3.



1749 — 1750. John Hay ward, felodwel ; Rob' Jones, Abertanat.

lohn Edwards, Bryn ; Hy Humphreys, Llynclys.

John Roberts, Blodwel ; Ed. Morris. Abertanat.

W™ Richards. Bryn ; Rich" Davies, Llynclys.

David Matthews, Blodwel; Edw. Lewis, Abertanat.

Jas. Humphreys, Llynclys ; David Tanat, Bryn.

Thomas Rogers, ThoTnas Morris.

Thoina.s Rogers, Bryn ; Ellis Jones, Llynclys,

1757 — 8. Matthew Hughes, John Whitfield, Brynyfedwen.
1758—9. Ed*" Oliver, Lljnelvs ; Rob' Oliver Bryn.
1759—1760. Tho- Edwards, 'Blodwel Hall ; Tho- Wilson.
1760 — 1. Hy Humphreys, Llynclys; Ed. Owen, Bryn.
1761—2. Uavid Jones, Ulodwel ; Robert Beddow.
1762—3. John Jones, Llynclys ; David Calcot.
1763 — 4. Hugh Skellom, Blodwel; Evan Thomas, Abertanat.

Rich" Jennings, Llynclys; Rich* Roberts, Bryn.










'ohn Hughes. Blouwel ; John Edwards, Abertanat.

John Jones, Bryn ; Ellis Jones. Ltymclys.

Roger Morris, Blodwel ; John Prvee, Abertanat.

John Jones, Bryn ; John Jones, Llynclys.
1769—1770. Lewis Edwards, Blodwel; Rees Morn.s, Abertanat,
177()_1. Edward Footman, Edward Saunders.
1771 — 2. Kii^'h Skollorn, John Roberts.





1772—3. Husjh Skellorn, John Powell.

1773—4, Rich'' Watkin, John Thomas.

1774^5. Hob' Edwards, Edw. Oliver.

1775—6. Tho' Phillips, Edw. Morris, Glyn.

1776—7. Rich'' James, John Payne.

1777—8. W» Watkin, David Marpole.
1778—9. Ditto The* Edwards.

1779— 1780— Sam' Ward, Hugh Uavies.

1780—1. Ed-" Footman, Lewis Edwards.

1781—2. Ward, Edw. Davies.

1782—3. Ditto Hugh Davies, Bryn.

1783—4. Tho' Edwards, John Morris.

1784—5. John Hu^fhes, Tho" Davies.

1785 — 6. Tho' Daviea, James Davies.

1786—7. Evan Owen, John Evans,

1787—8. John Morris, Tho* Morris.

1788—9. Ward, Tho" Ed«-ards.

1789—1790. W"' Wfttkin. -John Waril.

1790—1. John Thomas, David Marpole.

1791—2. Edw. Footman.

1792—3 David Marpole, Tlio' Williams.

1793_4. John Morgan, EUis Jones.

1794 — 5. Ed. Davies, Thomas Morris.

1795—6. John Evans, Edw. Kobarts.

1796 -7. Hugh Skellorn, John Morris.

1797_S. Rujfh Davies. John Morrl.s.

1798—9. John Hnghes, Blodwel ; John Skellorn, Abjrtanat.

1799—1800. David Skellorn. Brvn; Tho' Bottrell, Llymlys.

1800—1. Rich. Hutches, Blodwef; Peter Morris, Garthuohaf.

1801—2. Ed. Llovd, Llyntilys ; John Phillips, Bryn.

1802—3. Rich'J fhomas lohn Ward, Blodwel Hall.

1803—4. Rich'' Watkin, Bryn. Edw' Jones, Llynclys.

1804 — ^5. Hugh Skellom, Blodwel ; .iohn Mon-is, Abertanat.

1805 — 6. Tho' Jennings Llynclys; Hugh Daviea, Bryn ;

1806—7. Tho' Morris, Blodwel; Hugh Skellom, Cjfn,


1807 — 8. David Skellorn, Bryn ; Morris Owen, Blodwel.

1808 — 9. Tho' Lee, Blodwel ; John Morris, Abertanat.
1809—1810. Edw. Lloyd, Llynclys; Edw. Roberts. Bryj.

1810—1. Tho' Evans, Abertanat ; John Williams Biodwjl.

1811 — 2. Lawton Parir, Bryn ; Edw' Jones, Llynclys,

1812—3. Sam' Ratcliffo, Blodwel ; Tho' Hughes. Abertiinit.

1813 — 4. Hugh Davios, Bryn ; Tho* Jennings, Llynclyi.

1814 — 5. John Davies, Blodwel ; Edw. Morris, Blodwel.

1815 — 6. Tho' Davies, Bryn ; Samson Poulter, Llynclys.






1816 — 7. Ja» Davies, Abertanat : .lohn Jebb, Blodwel.
1817_8. Rob' Howell, Llyncljs; W" Watkin, Bryn.
1818—9. John Edwards, Abertanat ; Ed. Morris, Tyiaa.
1819—1820. Tho» Evans, Llynclys ; Ed Roberts, Brynf
1820—1. John Jebb, Blodwel ; W"- Pritchard, Abertan-at.
1821 — 2. Ed. Higginson, Llynelvs ; Hugh Davies, Bryn.
1822—3. Geo. By water, Blodwel; Tho» EUia, Abertanat
1823—4. The Griffiths, Llynclys ; Edw" Jones, Bryn.
1824 — 5. Rich. Hughes, Blodwel ; Rob' Edwards, Abertanat
1826 — 6. Edw. Lawrence, Llynclys; Rich" Phillips, Bryn.
1826 — 7. John Bromley, Llynclys ; Hugh Hughes, Abertanat
1827 — 8. John Jebb, Blodwel ; John Savage, Abertanat.
1828—9. Ed. Morris, Blodwel ; David Hamer, Bryn.
1829—1830. W™ Ward, Blodwel ; John Roberta, Abertanat
1830—1. Ed. Ward, Blodwel ; W"- Watkin, Bryn.
1831 — 2. John Edwards, Abertanat; Ed. Roberta, tfryn.
1832—3. Ditto Ditto

Jas. Davies. Blodwel ; John Jones (Clawddl, Bryn.

John Davies, Blodwel ; Rich*' Kilner, Brvn.

6. Ricb-^ Hughes, Blodwel ; W™ Pritchard, 'Abertanat

7. David Roberts, Blodwel ; The' Thomaa, AbertanaL

8. David Hamer, Bryn ; Ed. Lawrence, Llynelvs.

9. Ed. Ward, Blodwel ; Rob' Edwards, Abertanat
1839 — 1840. John Edwards, Abertanat; Rich. Jones, Llynclys.
1840—1. Ditto Edw. Morris, fyisaf.
1841—2. Ditto Ditto
1842—3 John Hughes, Tynyeoed, Bryn ; Ditto

1843 — 4. Sam' Davies, Ponybont ; Maurice Ellis, Blodwel.
1844 — 5. Rich. Kilner, Bryn ; John Jones, Garth.

John Davies, Penisarllan ; Johti Davies, Garthuchaf.

Edward Ward John Hamer.

William Lyon, Rich'' Edwards.

Kdw. Lawrence, Rob' Edwards.
1849—1850. Tho- Owen, Rich" Richards.
1850 — 1. Evan Thomas, James Davies.

Rich. Williams, Rob* Hughes.

David Roberts, Rob' Williams.

Tho" Peate, Rich" Morris.

Ed. Morris, David Evans,

Tho' Parry, Tho* Morris.

Sam' Lawrence, Rob' Roberts.

Ed. Ward, W» Pritchard.

Edw^ Jones, John Pritchard.

0. Ditto Robert Edwards.

John Davies, Geo. G. Withy.



















John Davies, Geo. W. Withy.


Rich^ Richards. Ditto


Ditto Ditto


Ditto Thomas Owen.


Ditto Ditt«


Richard Watkin, W" WhitSeld.


Ditto Ditto


Ditto Ditto

1869—1870. Dilto Ditlo


Sam' Lawrence, Ditto


Arthur Qriffiths, John Walter Ward.


Ditto Ditto


John Uaries, Edward Williams.


Ditto Ditto


Ditto Ditto


Ditto Ditto


A. Homfray. John Jebb Ellis


Ditto Ditto

1879—1880. Ditto Ditto


Ditto Ditto


A. Homfrav. John Jebb Ellis.


Ditto " Ditto


Ditto Richard Watkin.


Ditto Ditto


.lohn Walter Ward, Rich'' Thomas.


Ditto Ditto


Ditto Ditto


Ditto Richard Watkin.

1889-1880. Ditto




Ditto Richard Watkin


Ditto Ditto


Ditto Ditto


Ditto Ditto


E. A. Whitliold, John Jebb Ellis.


Ditto Ditto


Edward Morris.

jggg 1900

1900_j90i. Ed." Whitfield, John Parry Hamer.


The only charity is one of 26/- a year to the use of
the poor, charged by the will of " Edward ab Thomas






of Soughton " {? Sychtyn), on lands, now forming part
of Tynycoed Farm, in the township of Bryn, and
belonging to Captain John Parry Hamer.

The following is part' of the Will by which the
bequest was made : — -

In the name of God, Amen, ye thirtieth Day of Octobere in
ye yeare of Our Lord God One thousand six hundred liiftie
seaven I Edward ap Thomas of Soughton in ye P'she of
Llansillin and Conntie of Suiop Yeoman being sicke and
weake in body yet of good and perfect memory^ praised be
God, do make and ordame this my lust Will and Testament in
manner and form following, yt is to say, lirst 1 commende my
Soule unto ye care of ye Allmiehtie God my Maker, trusting
by the meritts and meuiation oi Jesus Christ my Saviour and
Redeemer to be made partaker of life evorlastinge, and my
bodie to be buried in Christian manner at ye parishe Church
of Llanymblodwel, and to the end y' my said buriall may be
decent i do appoint ye siime of six pounds to be employed on
that occasion by my Executor hereafter named, and further
(five devise and bequeath unto ye poore of ye severall parishes
of Llansillin and Llftnymblodwel aforesaid ye sume of two

i)ounds and twelve shiihnga of lawful money of England yearly
or ever to be paide unto yo poore of ye said parishes in
manner foUowinj^, and at the times and dayes hereafter
mentioned, that is to say, ye sume of thirteen shillings to ye
Poore cf ye Parishe of Llanymblodwel and ye like sume of
thirteen shillings to ye poore of ye Parishe of^ Llansillin, after
my decease yearly for ever at ye ffeaate of ye Nativitie of
Christ, and ye like sume of thirteen shillings to ye poore of ye
Parishe of Llanymblodwel and also ye like suiae of thirteen
shillings more unto ye Poore of ye Parishe of Llansillin after
my decease for ever at ye ffeaste of ye Pentecost, in the whole
six and twenty shillings to ever)' Parishe for ever, the said
severall sumes of money to be payed by my heir WiUiam
Roberts his heirs or assigns yearly for ever at ye times and
dayes aforesaid unto ye Slinister and Church Wardens of ye
aaide Parishes for ye time being from ye rents and proffitts
issuing and arisingo out of those severall parcelles of Lands
hereafter given and devised and named tor ye purpose, ye
moneys to be distributed and divided accordinge to ye
discretion of ye Minister and Church Wardens aforesaid
among ye poore of ye said parishes from year to year for ever,
and for ye true payment of ye said moneys as aforesaid
accordinge to my true meaiung and instructions herein I do





give and bequeath two parcelles of Lands situate lyinge and
being in Brjn in ye pariahe of LJanymblodwel known by ye
names of Tir Koimon and Tir Hirion in ye Coiintie of Salop to
ye said use and purpose ahd ye said Minister and Church
Wardens to raise and receive the rents of ye said parcelles of
Lands for the Poore of ye said Parishes, and in default of .
paynient I do Iiereby (five powere and authorite to ye said
Minister and Church Wardens nf eaeh parishe to distraine
upon yo premises and for want of distress there to be found to
enter and distraine until ye monies aforesaid be fully satisfied
and paide accordinpe to ye true meaning hereof, likewise I do
hereby give devise and bequeath all my messuages lands and
tenements with ye appurtenances situate lyinge and being at
Bryn aforesaid in ye said Countie of Salop except hereinbefore
granted unto William Roberts of CricKCth m ye Countie
of Salop Husbandman to have and to hold ye said massuages
except nefore granted with all Wrightingas deeds and minutes
thereunto belonginge and apportainagc to ye said Wilham
Roberts his heirs and assign for ever.

The distribution takes place yearly on Whit-Monday.

Catherine, the daughter of Thomas Tanat, of Aber-
tanat, married a Robert Thomas, of Sychtyn (see uiider
Abertanat), probablv of the same family as the donor

(By the kind permission of the Vicar),


From the Calendar of Proceedings of the Committee
for Compounding, preserved in the State Department
of the Public Record Office.

l(i.50, August 22. Claimants on the Estate of Robert
Matthews, Biodwall Vechan, Salop. The Petition (missing) of
Thomas Baker of Swiney, Salop, to compound for an extent
on Matthews' Estate, referred to Bi-ercton.

l(i/)l, May '2H. The County Committee report that they have
sdized the Estate, the discharge being- taken off' by the late
County Coinniissicncin on an extent for debt to Thomas Baker.

l(i51.>1uno 11, Coinniittec for Compounding, to the County
Conunillco for Salop. Dirctious in cases — You are not
allowed aTi extent by ThfiiiiiLs I'jikcl' on the Kstato of Robert
Matthovvs of Biodwall on pretence of Mortgage or ineumbranoo
without onler from us.





1651. June 11. Committee for Compounding forbid the
allowing of any extent without order from theniselves.

1652, May 2li. Thouias Baker petitions that his late father,
before the wars, lent money to Robert Matthews, Blodwall, on
a Bond of £KOO,on which petitioner. as Matthews'
land extended by the then Sheriff' till the debt was paid, he
wa« interrupted bv the late County Committee, the premises
being seizetl for Matthews' delinquency, but pro^Hng his claim
it was allowed by the kte County Committee, yet the present
County Committee have again disturbed him, begs allowance
of the extent, and a stay to the disturbance.

1652, May 2(i. County Committee to certify and Brcreton
to report.

1652, Dec. 14. Ursula, widow of Rol>crt Matthews, and
Robert his son and heir, a£ed ten, begs discharge of Lands in
Blodwall Vechan Ac, hold by her husband for hfe, with re-
maiifder to her for life, and their children, as settled upon her
marriage in ]634,in consideration of her jointure, also oi lands
in Llantidinan, Blodwall &c. settled on her husband with
remainder to their eldest son.

1652, Dec. 14. Referred to County Commissioners and

1653, Jan. 19. She and her children beg a speedy hearing
of the report. She has nine small children and her husband
died much in debt.

1653, Jan. 19. To be heard in a fortnight; on further report
to be heard in a. week.

1653, March 26. Claim allowed unless the County Commis-
.sioncrs shew cause to the contrary. Ursula in the meantime
to prove that she has not released her interest in the Est^ite.

1653, Juno 21. Morris Matthew.^ (minister of Erbistock,
County of Denbigh) begs discharge of Blodwall Tithes, Salop,
leased October, 1641, on his behalf by the Bishop of St. Asapn
for 21 yeiirs to Robert Matthew;-, deceased, his brother, and
now scquestored for his said brother's delinquency.

16.53, Juno 21. Referred to the Committee of Co. Sidop.
1653, August 4. I'etition that lie cotdd not have any

witnesses examined by the County Committee of Salop because
they ai-e in London. The protite of the Tithas for this year
being in dtinger, begs to be admitted tenant for the year, as
there is no other person who claims an interest therein.

1653, August 4. Allowed the Tithes for one year.

16.54, Feb. 15. He complains that Griffith ah Thomas has
disturbed their order, and carried away the Tithe.

1654, Feb. 15. Order that he yield obedience or show cause
to the contrary.







(Continued Jrom page 80.)

To the hoii'ble the Cpm. for compounding— Humble Petic'on
of Morris Matthews Mmister of ve Gospell,— Hiimblv aheweth
— Thiit about October 1041 the late B'pp of St. ARaph demisqcl
unto Robert Matthews Esq' yo'r Pet'rs late Brother dec'd, the
tythes of Blodwel in ye County of Salop for ye tearme of 21
veares in trust neverthelesse for yo'r Pet'r. who had the form'r
interest therein.— That of late the sayd tythes have been
seqd as pte of the Estate of the sayd Robert Matthews. — That
forasmuch as yo'r petr. is a person who adheared to ye late
Parleament and was alwaies active against the late Kinge and
his party and able to niako it appeare that the lease was made
in trust for yo'r petr. as aforesaid and yt it is the greatest part
of his .suKsistence and livelyhood.— -His humble suit unto yo'r
honrs i.s that yor' hon'rs wUi be pleased either to take off the
sayd seqn. as touching the sayd tythes or el's to refeare the
i-eason coneeming the sa'd trust to yo'r committee of seq'ns,
for ye sayd County of Salop that they male eertifie yo'r hours
of the truth thereof thjit ho yo'r petr may be released accord-
ing pivyd to vo'r Petr for a ycaro or two accordingly. But
they liveing tiwr remote from that place yo'r Petrs by the
appointment of ye sa'd sequoHtmtors let ye snuie tythes them-
selves an<l rec^ the rent for the same six or se\en yeares
without interrup'eon.

Till about August, last one Maurice Matthews, clerke,
brotlier of ye sayd Robert Matthews (ye sayd Robert being
deceased pr'tendmg some tytle to ye sayd tythes though in
truth ho nad none) cleared this tythe before your humble
petr and procured yo'r ord'r to the sub. com. of ye sayd
Coimty ivhereby they were required to set ye sayd tythes to
him tor one ycare at ye same rent for wh they before
were sett alleaJlging that there was none could clayme any
tytle thereunto but himsclfe, and und'r cullor thereof had now
sett ye same tythes to ye inhabitants of Blodwell, he giving
-some si^ourity to .save them harmlesse thereby your petrs are







likely to loose your augmenta'cons. — May it therefore please
yo'r honors to suspend yo'r former ord'r and to graunt to yo'r
petrs such amends as may make them to receive the sayd
tythes or the protitts thereof and ye arrears thereof due to
tnem till ye said Mr. Matthews to Justice.— And he shall ever
pray — (signed) Morris Matthews — ff" June, 1653,

Document explaining what had become o/ the
seiptestcred Tithet.

Claimants on the hastate of Robert Mntthew.s, Blodwel
Feehan, Salop.

To the hoiiblo the Coniittec for Maiia^in<:; of Kstjit«s and
Setiuestrations. — The hiimblo poticbn of Kowltind N'evelt and

Miiii-sterx of ye tJosjiull in the townc of Oswestry

in the t'ountv of Saloji— .show — That about 9 or 10 yearea
last one Robert Matthews of Blodwel in the sayd Co\inty,
Esq" being adjudi^ a<lelinq'. and his Estate seqd, he having
amongst other thmgs a of the tythes of Llan y Blodwell
and Keven y Maes m ye sayd parish for divers yeares then to
come and yet unexpired, the Com'ittee for plund.ered ministers
by their or'dr bcai-eing date y* 3 of Jiarch 1646, a copy
wheiyjof is hereunto an'xetl, alloweil to yo'r Potr the sayti
tythes or ye ycarely rent of the same being about forty
pounds p. anm. for ye increase of y'r Petr's niauitenance and
ye Vicarage of Oswestry aforesaid, being not worth above 30li
a ycare wh sume yc sequestrators for ye sayd County eleare
his tvtle before vo'r honors and y'r [jetr. shall ev r prav.
(sig^)'Rowlaiid Ne'vett 19 July 1054.

10.54, July 18. Tithes to remain in the Sequestrator's
hands till both parties make out their claims.

1654, Deer. 7. Enquiries to be made whether monev was
paid to the Bishop of St. Asaph for renewing the Leas*.
Matthews meanwhile to enjoy the tithes two months on

1655, Feby. 7. Matthew's claim allowed with arrears from
date of his petition.

1655, Feb. 27. Samuel KjTiaston pleads against Matthews,
who on false pretence of Tithes due has destraiiicd petitioner's
tenants in Keven-v-maes, Oswestry parish, and has taken their
plough oxen which is contrary to law and foi-ced them to give
a bond of £4 for their release.

1655, May 22. Orders for release of the bond, and the
estate being discharged from sequestration the parties are left
to their remedy by law.





[''SoTereifni letters piitent authorising a. collection lor a charitable
purpose."— Hook's Church Dictionary. Thev were abolished
in 1828.]

October (i, 1695. ('ollecltid for >* Warwick Brief y* sum of
one pound and five shillings.

November 20, lt)95. Collccttsl towards v-" repairs of
Tower-Church y* sum of three shillings.

Collected in y* parish _Chiir<'h ot Llanymhlodwel March,
1696, for the use or Edward Davir.s of Maesbrook (having a
loss by tire) the «iim of 11* 6'' farthing.

October 1" 1697. Collected for y* Wolverhampton j* sum
of seven shillings.

April "2:1, 1699. (-'oUccted towaixis y relief of Distressed
Palatines y* sum of three pounds twelve shilUugs two pence
half penny.

John Llm.1 Uvardons.
Haniticl Morns \

Collected y' 6'" of May 1705 the sum of four shills. and
sixpence for y* relief of Dorset of Longdon a sufferer by fire

A: B: Cur

John Williams i .„ ,


Collected y* 23 of April 1706 towds j* rebuilding of
Iniskilling in Ireland reduced to ashes by fire and relieving of
distressed inhabitants thereof the sum of two pounds five

Arthur Badam, Curate
Robert Edwanls i ,,, ,
David Jones ( hardens.

Sept. T* 1707. Collected for y* Spilsby Brief two shills
and six pence

Arthur Badam, Curate
Arthur Bowen i ^,r ,
Bictard Burrows l^ardena

Collected for y= Little port in y^ Isle of Elys Brief y* sum of
one shilling & sixpence

Collected upon Southams Brief the sum of five shills. in y«
year 1707

Arthur IWlam, Curate
Arthur Bowen
Richard Burrows






Collected upon \* Brief for v" repairs of Broslev Church two
shilk 1707. " ' . / .

Colleuted upon Shire lane Brief two shill.s & six^-in-v.

Collected upou North Marston Brief two shills. 1707.

Collected upon Poioston (Pointon) Brief two shills. 1707.

tioUeoted upon Joseph Wakelins Brief one shill. sixpence

Arthur Brntam. Curate
A-Bowen 'WardMi^i

Richard Burrows i "'*"'cus.

Collected upon Dursley Church's Brief one shilling and five
pence in y* joir 1707

(.'ollected upon y Woodhurst Brief one shilliiif; A three
pence. 1707

Collected niton v* Orford Church's Brief, one shilling & eiphl
pence, in j* year 1707

Arthur Badnm, Curate
Arthur Bowen i

Rich. Burrows )


Collected upon Wincanton Brief two shills A a pctinv in y
year 1708

Collected upon y* Brief for Great Yarfnouth one -shilling and
nine pence In 1708

A. B., Curate
David OUver ) ,„ ,
Eobert Owen 1 *"''>"'

Collected upon y« Brief for y* Straud loss by fire £17880 the
sum of two shills & nine pence in y* year 1708.

Arthur Badam, Cu
David Oliver i .,r .
Robert Owon I ^"'''™^

Collected upon y* Brief for y* Coiniori Gate at Edinbuivh in
North Britain lo&s by fire £7962 the sum of two shills : & three
pence in y" yew 1708.

Ar: Badam C.

David Oliver )

Robt^ Owon

f Wardens.

Collected upon f Harlow Brief loss by tire £2035 the sum
one ahilling & eight pence in y year 1708

A. Badam, Curat«





Collected upon Holt Mftrchnad Brief lo«s by fire £11258 the
sum of two shills : & six pence in y year 1708.

A. Badam, Curate
D" Oliver iw„rJens
Robt. Owen > hardens.

Collected upon Market Kay»on Brief loss by fire £1128 the
Slim of one shilling & four pence in y* year 1708

A : B : Curate
D" 0:
R: O:

; Wardens.

Collected upon y* Brief tor S' Mary, Redeliffe Church in
Bristol, damaged £441 f) the sum of two shillings & six pence,
y* vear 1709

Collected upon S Brief, loss by fire £2463

the sum of two shills, in y* year 1709.

A. Badam, ('urate
Andrew Morris i -.,, , .
Thorn.., Price J*""!''"

Collected upon y'^ Brief for v' tlistrcssed Palatines the sum
of seventeen shills in j" year 1709

Arthur Badam, Curate
Andrew Morris i

Thomas Price >


Collected upon y" Llantyllin Brief)* sum of nine & twentio
shills : & live pence in y* year 1709

Arthur Ba^lam, Minister
Andrew Morris ) ,„ ,
Thomas Price ;W»"1"'^

Collected upon Xorth and Durant Brief

loss by fire £1613 one shill; and three pence, June 1710

(Jollccted upon y* Brief for Ashton-Snpor-Mercey Church
Damage £2710 two shillings nine pence.

Collected upon Cholport Bri : for S' Ch : Damf^^e

£1521 one shin ; sixpence.

Collected upon Holt Marchnad Brief loss by tire £11258 two
shills five pence

Collected upon Stockton Ch : Brief damage £2580 the sum of
two shills.

Arthur Badam Minst'

EdW E7wanLs }Warden^






Collected upon EEham Brief in Oxon loss by fire £1474 11" 6^
the sum of one shill : & eightpem-e y* 22'' of Ap. ]711.

Collected upon v* Twj-ford Briefless by fire £12(il & upwards
the sum of one shill ; four pence y* 29'" Ap. 1711

Evan Humphreys, Minister
Lewis PaiTv \

& ^Wardens.

, Edw^ Edwards J

Collected upon y* G' Marie's Church in Colchest<^r
demolished by y* late civil war damage fffl SS & upwanls, three
shills & six pence in y' year 1711 by

Arthur Badam Curate
Thomas Jenninfjs 1

& > Wardens.

David Pierce )

Collected upon y* Pavigham Brief in Bedfonlshiro loss by
fire £700 & upwanls the sum of one shilling and 3 pence \-*^
20"'' May 1711.

A: Badam Cur


[Dating from 1695.]

Burial, 1766. Evan Thomas of Abcrtaiiat was Interred

July 24

Being an affectionate Husband
An indulgent Parent
A faithful Friend
and a tender Master.

1775. Elinor Grand-Daughter of Nel-Bwt was l«ip^ July 2
1781. Mary Evans (alias Pwt) was buried August 25""
1729. Burial. Richai-d Canliii of the Parish of Kinnerlev-
Yeoman, Feby 9'". (He left a Guinea to the poor of tfie

1807. David Morris of the Township of Blodivel die<l Dec'
28'" and was buried Dec' 30"' i^ed 82. This man was a
foundling, he' was found in a Basket upon Penybont bridge
and was nursed at the expenee of this parish. His parents
have never been discovered





1755. Rees Humphreys alias Apollo was buried the 21"

1727. Burial. David Shion March y" 5.

1758. Abraham son of Aliee Simon and Shdn y Merched
(the reputed father) was baptized Oct 29

1782. Matthew and Mark, twin children of Edward Evans
of Llyncklys were baptized August 27

1800. Burial Ann Lewis a poor Widow of Oefn Blodwell
i^ed ninety five, Nov 29

1802 Burial. Mary Powell of Nantmawr in Bryn, Grand-
daughter of Alice Evans (the Queen) age<l 11. May 11.

1801. Baptism. Elizabeth daughter of Mary Jones Widow
of Xant C;o<-h (The Mother is at leajst fifty) The father is
unknown. Mar U,

1802. Burial. Mai^ret wife of John Pryco Labourer of
the Parish of Llansaintnraid. She was relateif to the Maurices
of Lloraii and PenylJont. Agetl 85. Nov 24"*.

1803. BiiriftL Jane Lloyd of the Township of Llynklys
Feby 8"' aged 14. She fell into a limekiln last July. Ftegular
Medical attendance was calle<l in. She was doing well but a
Quaek was sent for, whose violent application stopped the

Erogress of her recovery. She lingered m great pain & at last
ecame dropsical.

1804. Ellis Jones oF the township of Llyncklys farmer and
innkeeper at Perth ywaen died April 14 in consequence of a fiill
from his horse between Oswestry and Porthywaen about one
o'clock in the morning, and was burie<l the 17th April.
Aged U,

Francis Kinloch Cunliffe, Diwl October 20, 1805. Died
at Oswestry School and interred in the vicar's vaidt.

1808. John Davies, of the toivnship of Liysclys, mole
catcher, died May 17 and was buried do. 2(^'^ aged (J5. He
was killed by a fall down a lime rock at Porthywaen,

Sl'mm.4ry of Register.

1768-1777, iBaptized... 113 12P 243 24}

inciiiaive I'Buriyd ... 57 78 135 13i

1778-1787 IBaptized . 121 121 242 21;

ioclusiTe / Buried ... 64 86 1 50 15

1788-1799, inclusive, ^Baptized... 160 125 27.') ' 27A

omitting 1791 j Buried 75 74 " 149 14^





Records of the CtiuRT of Qi'arter Sessions fob
Shropshire, 1709-1800.

Coronei-'^ Inqiiests in th- Par'i>*h of Ll.inyhhuiufl.

1703. Two men fell down and were brui-sed hy rippk-< "t
hai*\ cart,

1777. Man sonicwhivt iiitoxicatod witli liquor, )>t-ciclfina".l'.
tell into Tanat.

1784.. Man fell dowii the rock.

1790. Girl of two, at play on bank of Tanat, fell in,

1791. Girl of twelve, leading fore horse of father's tean.
horse made restive by liies, threw her, and wheel went ov<-r

1793. Man died in a bam, in epileptic tit

1797. Boy of live, trjing to get into wagon, fell off uii'ii :

1797. Man fell over the rocks, ten yards deep.

1799. Man, lunatic, hanged himself.

IHOO. Man, unknown, found drowned in a pool, cause un-

In the overseers book for that vcar is an entry — *' Ph'k\ :'..r
ale, attending the corpse at Llynefys pool 1/6,"


1709. It. P for j= Captain's I/xlgings 00 O* i"'

„ It. P^ for niendnig his shoe.f and repair of

Britches 00 Oi I"

1710 It wa.s ordered at \'= Vestrj- y' none should
bp relieved out of y Booke
but those y' wore \* Badges as is re-
quired by Act of iWlianieut.
„ It. P' for a yard of reil tlannel to put

Budges upm y* I'oor of J* Pari-sh ... 00 itft ]]

„ P*" for Foxe HlwI , ... " IM) 02 ""

„ „ P'' for tliiitehing the stwple 00 02 (.«.

„ P' lorne workc and for culoring the

Wethar Coek 00 O.") (m

niti, fathering for y Churrh 4 n

niH. It. ?" towards Mary Monis the disorderd

woman's diet. IH weeks at 1. G. p.w. IJt i,

„ P-" (irifhth Rii'li^ fur his whip-coitl —

Discipline to the alwivc s' M<)rris ... :* i,

1719. Mossing v" t.'hun^h und north ehancol ... :i :> ,,

172-S. Mending" the Block I .[

P^ the slaters for mossing y* (Jhnrch ... 2 2"
172-1. P^ for three ibxes ... ' 3 u





1728. A Pole Cat 10

1 730. Killintr a Wikl eat 10

1732. To Rob' Lloyd of Llansaintfraid for a wild

catt 10

„ For another to John Lloyd 1

1 734. P" for kiUing a she Fox & 2 cubs 4 6

„ For killing two foxes more 5

P^ for kiUing a wild catt 10

1739. Exp. in sending Bosh Tinker on horse back

out of y" Parish 10

1742. P* for killing two old Foxea 5

P^ for killing six young Foxes ... ... (j

1760. May y* 20. Whereas it was ^reed that y
sum of "flirty pounds one shilling
should be assessed throughout y*
whole Parish for y* Relief of y* Poor
for y" year 1749.

1752. Drink allowd at Rich" Howel's Burial ... 16
1754. Fxamination and order to move John y

Merched ... ... ... ... 4 6

1756. Wid. Harris's levy and in her illness ... 1 4 5

Her Coffin and grave 6

Carring the Bier 10

Shroud for Ditto 3

Drink allow'd at her burial... ... ... 3

1766. P* for Hemp for the benefit of the

Pa.rish lis

„ P' for spinning the said Hemp ... ... 2 7

1756. Drink to bury the stranger 16

1757. Washing, winding and weaving cloth ... 10 7
A Journey to Llanrhaiadr to sell the cloth 1

Ditto to Oswestrv 1

Rec" for 38i yards of cloth at 7^ 14 6

1758. Agreed that the sum of Fourty one pounds

should be'd on the Parish of
Llanyblodwell for the Relief of the
Poor of the said Parish for the year
1758. Buring a child of Eliz" Littlehalo's (vi^) —

A shroud 1 10

Coffin for Ditto 3

Laj-ing the child out ... ... ... 010

Making the shroud 00 6

Minister's and Clark's ffees 3 4

Ale at tho burial 2






1762. Declaration of " settlement :" —

Shropshire — The ExftiniriAtiou of John Jones now residt-iil
in the Parish of Llanyblodwell in the said County touchiii)j
the' place of his last lejfal settlement

Who upon his Oath saith that he was bom in the Parish <rf
Abberbuiy in the County of Salop and that between four and
five years ago he was hired as a senant for one year to William
Austin, ffai-raer in the Township of Crigion in the Parish of
Ahberbury and served such year accoroinglv and hath not
since served a whole year in any other place w^Rt,sot"ver and ai
the time of such his service with the said William Austin he
was a Batchelor.

The mark of
Sworn at Oswestry X

the 18'" Day July John Jones

1762 before us

John Mytton
Wm Roberts.

1763. Ale at Xmas by Orders 2

1763. Two warrants on John Will' ace' ... ... 2 ('

John Williams' Oath 10

Copy of his Oath ti

Order of Removal 4 fi

Myself (Overseer) and 2 Horses moving

John Williams ... ... ... ... 3 ti

1764. Rich Williams Coffin 3 d

Drink at his burial \ \i

Carring the Bier ... ... ... ... \\

For his shroud ... ... ... ... 1 li

1 763. Memomndum that it was ordei-ed and
apoed this a"'" day of Jlarch 1763
that the Chiu'ch Wardens and over-
seers of the Poor have power and our
consent to appeal at the next Quarter'
Sessions against the onler ol
removing Joseph Harris and Familv
from the Parish of Knockin to this
Parish of Llanyblodwel. In witness
whereof we have set our hands the
day and year above written
J. Williams, Vicar
David Jones * ,-ii. . -nr j
Thomas D.viea } """reh W«dena
John Jones
Hugh SkoUora





Lewis Edwards
Richard Owen
David DavieH
Thomas Edwards
Hy Humphreys

1766. Drink for Xmas Carols 5

1768. Drink for Xmas Carrols 5

1768. P" for killing Widow Catt 10

1770. Treating the Psalm singei-s 5 6

1770. Vcsti^ meeting 27'" March Agreed that
the sum of one lihilling be paid by
the Parish Officers for kUHngayoung
fox, ditto tor a he fox, and the sum
of two shillings and six pence for an
old she fox.

J. Williams, Vicar
HughSkellon .
Rogor Morris
Lewis Edwards
John Hughes
Benjamin Vaughan
Ri<'hai-d Owens
David Davies
David Calcot
Edward Saunders
John Jones
John Davies
David Jones

177a Nursing Robin Benwyn's child 2 15

1773. \cll Bwt to como to ye Dog Keimeland to
bo maintained as another pauper

1776. Rich'' Hoskin in his illness ' "

For a Warrant and orders to move him

Three journeys to Oswestry on D" aoct

Eipences there with him ...

Paid at Ellis Jones on his acct

For 4- horses to move him &c, to Guilstield 8

Two men sending him &c. and expences ... 7 8

Copy of " Oi-der " above referred to : —

Shropukire. — To the Churchwardens and Overseers of the

Poor of the Parish of Llanyblodwell in the said County and to

the Churchwardens and Overseers of the the Poor of the

Parish of Guiiafield in the county of Montgomery and to each

wnd every of them.






Upon the complniiit of the Churchwardens and Overseers
of the Poor of the Parish of Llaiijblodwell afore-snid in the
said Coimtv of Salop unto us whose names are heretinto set
and seals affixed, being two of his Majestys Justices of the
Peace in and for the said County of Salop and one of us of the
Quorum, that Richard Hotchkiss and Man' his wife and their
two Children namely Thomas aged three years and William
under one year old, nave come to inhabit in the said parish of
Llanyblotlwell not having gained a legal settlement there nor
produced any certiticate owning them to be settled elsewhere,
and that the said Rirliard Hotclikiss and Mary his wife and
their said two children are befome chargeable to the said
parish of Llanyblodwell We the said Justices upon due proof
made thereof as well as upon the examiniitiou of the sai(l
Richard Hotchkiss upon oatD, as otherwise, and likewise upon
due consideration had of the premises, do adjudge the same to
be true, and we do likewise adjudge that the lawful settlement
of them the said Riohurtl Hotchiss and Mar\- his wife and their
said two children is in the said Parish of (iuilslield. We do
therefore require you the said Churchwardens and Ovei-soers
of the Poor of the said Parish of Llanvblodwell or some or one
of vou to convey the said Richard llotchkiss and Mar\- his
wile and their said two children from and out of your said
Parish of Llanyblodwell to the said Parish of (.luilstield and
them to deliver to the Churchwardens and Overseers of the
Poor there or to some or one of them together with this our
Order, or a true Cony thereof And we do also hereby retjuire
vou the said Churrnwardeiis and Overseers of the Poor of the
said Parish of GuilsHeld to receive and provide for them a»
Inhabitants of your pirish. — Given un<tcr our Hands and
Seals the Eight day ot June in the year of our Lord 1776.

(Sig^) John Jones (ls)

J. O. Venables (l 8)

1777, Drink allow'd y* Carpenters & Plaisterer . . . 3 6

1777. Thomas Jones 3

Sending him on a Dray to Oswestry ... 2 6

1780. John y* Millar's Wife, shoes & smock ... 6 2

1781. Forawildcatt ' 1

1782. Paid for y* Dial Post 7 (j

For earrmg two loads of free stones for y*

Dial Post 14 6^

For engraving y* Wardens names on y*

^ Dial Post 5 10

For Sxiug the Dial 4 6





Inscription bs in 1900 r —

" John Havwanl ( ..t j
Thomas i'flnattf^*"'^"^'
Soli Deo Gloria."

1784. F" Mr Lloyd for an order to remove Bet

Cheshire 4 6

1784. P for Wool for Mary Howell to spin for

the use of y* Poor. 3 pounds ... 8 3

Hemp ;) ponnds ... ... ... ., 6

P'' for spinning ... ... ... ... 3 6

1785. A Warrant—

ShropHkife. — To the Constable of Llynckli's and all other
Constables within the said f'ounty.

Forasmuch as complaint hath been made before me Joseph
Venables, Clerk, one of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace m
and for the said County by the churehwardens and overseers
of the poor of the parish of Llanvblodwell in the County afore-
said, that Catherine Hujfhes hatli come to inhabit in the said
parish not having gained any local settlement therein nor
produced any certificate owning ner to l)e settled elsewhere
and that the said Catherine Hughes is likely to become
chargeable to the said parish of Llanvblodwell, these are
therefore to reijuire you to bring the said Catherine Hughes
before me or some other of his Majesty's Justii^s of the Peace
for the said County to be examined concerning the place of her
last legal settlement, and to bo further dealt with according to
law. Given under my hand and seal the 4"' day of June in
the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 85.
(Sigd.) J. D. Venables. (l .s)

Examination of and order for the removal of Catherine
Hughes L —

Shropshire (to wit). — The Kxamiiiation of Catherine Hughe-i
a vagabond taken on oath before mc one of his Maje-sty's
Justices of the Peace in and for the said County, the niuth
day of June in the year 1785,

Who saith that she is the wife of Rc^er Hughes, who in-
formed her this Examinant that he had gained a settlement by
service in the Parish of Llansaintffraid in the County of Mont-
gomery and to which parish she and her said husband were in






the year 1781 removed by nii order of two Justices as she

The mark of
Catherine Uuqhes
Taken at Oswestiy the
day and vcar above

(Sig*) Roa Lloyd

Shro/^sliirf (to wit).— To the Constable of Llvnckli's in tht
said County and to all other Constables whom it may conrem
to reeeive and convev, and to the churchwardens and overs^t-r'
of the poor of the farish of Llansaintfllraid in the Cownty "f
Montgomer>- to ref-eive and obey.

Whereas the above named Catherine Hughes was this da>
apprehended in the Township aforesaid as a Vagabond, viz.
wandering and t)egging and upon the Examination of the s;iii
person (whieh Examination is hereunto prelixed) it appears
that her legal settlement is in the Parish of Llansaititflraid ir.
the said County of Montgomery. are thoi-efore to require you the said Constable t'l
convey the said Vi^frant to the Township of Blodwell in thi-
County of Salop thai being the first Township through whi-li
she ought to in the direct wav to her said settlement aii-i
to deliver her to the Constable ol" the said Township, takiti|:
his Receipt. And the said Vagrant is to be ronveyed on in
like manner to the plaee of the legal settlement aforesaid there
to bo delivered to some of the Churchwardens and Overseers
of the Poor and to be by them provided for according to Laf.
And you the Churchwanlens and Overseers are retpared t"
receive the said Vagrant and to provide for her aforesaid.

Given inider my hand and Seal the day and year above

(Sig^) Rob. Lloyp. (l s>

1789. P for a Dog Whip 5

?' for Ale at Ellis Jones ... . 2 »>

179(>. Xmas Carols 5

P" when the (.'hur<;h Box was broake ± (i

1792. P^ at y^ Rod Lion with the Parishioners ... 2 "

1794. P* for a Man to his JIajestvs Navv cx- to have uiroll'd ... " ... 31 10 ('

1795. Ale for the strange singers .5

1795. P* for the carriage of a Ham of Bacon to

London as a Present for Doctor Jones 6 1

1797. PJ for the Umbrella 11





1797. P" for the Bossooii—

Subscriptions 2 14 6

Parish funds 2 18 7— 5 13 1

1797. F" towards the Man for the Navy 16 3

A journey to Shrewsbury to pay the money

for the Navy & Expenses 12 6

1797. The Church Lewn was assess'd then at 2^

per pound.

1798. The Churcn Lewn was assess'd then at S**

per pound.

1797. A journey to Oswestry with Ann Jenkins

causing her to sware hev settlement 1 6

Removing her to Llandrinio 2 C

1798. Jouniov to Oswestry on ace' of Eliz""

Cheshire 2

To Oswestry for a Warrant 2

Taking Elizabeth Cheshire to swear her

settlement ... ... ... ... 2

Removing Do to her Parish ... ... 2 6

1800. At a meeting holden in the Parish Church

of Llanyblodwell on Easter Monday the

14 of April 1800 it was iinanimunsly

agreed bv the Parishioners then present

that no Church Warden should henceforth

make any (;harge to the Parish for expenses

incurred at any Public House by hini.

1802. Journey to Osivest^' for two Sumnionstw

to take Jabez Lewis and AnnChcshire

for refusing to pay the Poor Rates... 3

1806. Candles for the Plygcn 6 «

PJ for Reeds for r Bassoon 2

1809, Paid for killing a" Fox 2 li

1811. F^ for a new Umbrella 10 6

1811. Sept 15. At a Vestry held this day in the.
Parish Church of Llanyblodwel of wThichdue
notice was given it was agreed that Pulpit,
Desk and Clark's Seat shall be reniov'd
from their pre.^ient situation and placed in
the Pa&sage fioni the South East door.

James Donne, Minister
Lawton Parry i Church

Tho* Evans Edw* Jones i Wardena

Rich" Thomas

Thorn a.s Morris

Tho' Hughes.






1812. P'' for a letter from St Asaph 9

1813. Paid Mr Lacon for Iron Chest 8 10 O

Carriage of the Iron Chest 5

Ale for iintoading ditto ... ... ... 2 H

„ Reeds for the Psalm singers (i O

Journey with EHz'" Grannen to Oswestr}-

to swear her settlement ... ... 2 6

Two Journeys to Oswastry for her order of

Removal 5

Journey and expenses in removing Eliz"'

Granncr to Little Ness ... ... 7 6

1815. Paid for singing a Christmas Carol ... 10

1816. Paid for repairing an umbrella 2

Paid for killing a fox ... ... ... 5

1818. Mr Davies for teaching the Psalm singers 110

Psalm Singers Salary 33

1820. Roliev'd 2 Sailors by a regular Pjiss ... 2

1821. Reliov'd 8 sailors by a regular pass ... 8

1822. Psalm Singers Supper 3 3

1825. P^ for kilhng a fox 2 6


1716. Memorandum That upon y 21" day of
June 171G Llanybloclwel Churchyard's
circiimferenee was mea.sured by Mrs
Marg' Godolphin and her steward Mr
Edward Maurice, anil it then appeared
by the assistance of an old register Book
w'herein there is a certain number of
yards a.ssigned every Towimhip to Repair,
that Abertjvimat Township beginning at
East Gate Southward hath sixty one
vanis, BrvTi Eighty seven yanls, Blodwel
^ortv eight yards, Llyni.'kfys end* at the
nortt side of the above mention'd Gate
sixty eight It is alledg'd tbot the Vicar
must make and repair y= (rate
En'' EvAXs, Cur.

Cum. multia alijs

1811. March 30. At a Vestry held this day in
the Parish Church of Llanyblodwel it
was unanimously agreed by us who have
subscribed our names that the fences
surrounding the Churchyard being con-
sidered in a very decayed state, that the





expence attending the repairs of the »ame
shall be paid by the respective Townships
in any way the Inhabitants shall think
proper among themselves, according to
the admeasurement which is containetl
below and which is copied from an old
Register dated June 21" 1716 viz Aber-
tanant Township hath 61 yards to repair,
Bryn Township hath 87 yards, Llyncfclys
68 yards Blodwel 48, and that the Vicar
of the said parish shall make and repair
the gate of the said Church yard.

Sam' Steele
Lawton Parry
Thomas Jenninga
Edward Jones
John Ward
Thomas Moms
Hugh Davies
Sam' Ratclifi
Embedded in the south wall is a stone slab bearing
the following inscription :—

The Gates and the Walls were erected
in the year 1831,
Reverend James Donke, D-D., Vicar,
John Edwards, Abertanat Hall, \rn. u j
Edward Roberts. Bryn. |Churchwarden9.

Further Notes on Some of the Vicabs.

[From Foster's Alumni Oxonienses, Golud yr Oes,
Eminent Wehhmen. History of the Diocese, &:c.]
peter beereton, m.a.,
Was the eldest son of the Rev. Thomas Brereton, B.A.,
Rector of Llandrinio, a descendant of Brereton of
Borasham, in the Manor of Is-y-coed, by his wife
Margaret, daughter of Ithel ap Gruifydd ap Pelyn of
Nerquis. Appointed Vicar of this parish in 1579 and
preferred Rector of Llandrillo 1 594. He mari-ied Jane,
daughter of Owen ap John ap Howel Vychan of

One of this name was Vicar of Oswestry 1537.






Was the son of the Rev. GriflSth Tanat, M.A. {Jesus
College, Oxon., 1st July, 1581), of Glantanat, Vicar of
Llansantifraid in 1579. Matriculated at Jesus College,
Oxford, 16th April, 1628. Appointed Vicar of this
parish in 1623 ard of Llansilin 1661, where he died
and was buried in 1667.


Was educated at Balliol College, Oxfoid, where he
took his degree of B.A. on 21st Octolier, 1624, and
M.A. 26th Jan, 162i»-30. Became Vicar of this parish
in 1662.


Matriculated at Merton College, Oxford, 22nd July,
1658, took his degree of B.A. in 1661 and MA. at
Cambridge in 1665. Appointed Vicar of Pennant
1665, Vicar of this parish 1668, Vicar of Llansantffraid
1672 and Rector of Llanerfyl in 1674. He was of


(descended from Edwin of Tegeingl, Baron of Englefield,
head of one of the fifteen Tribes of North Wales! was the
son of Humphrey Davies, of Llanfihangel, Mont, by
his wife Ann, daughter of Evan Moms ap Humphrey
ap Owen Fyclian of Llwydiarth. Matriculated at
Balliol College, Oxfoi-d. 2;th May, 1669. age c. 18; made
B.A. in Marcl., 1672 ; incorjwrated at Cambridge, 168 1 ;
M.A. from St. John's College, 1681, and re-incorporate<l
at Oxford the same year. Married — - daughter
of John Edwards, Doctor of Civil I^aw, son of William
Edward, son of Edward ap Tudyr of Penylan.
Gwyddelwern. Appointed Vicar of this parish in
1675, and Hector of Llanymynech 1686, at which place
he died- On the north wall in the parish church there
is a brass plate bearing the following inscription :—

M. + S. Evftui Humplirevs A.M. Clorw'i. hiyiis erclesisv
iiuuer Re(.'toris. Xcc non adjucfutis ecclesia) <le Llanymblod-
weU vicarii qvi diem clausit extremum none die Deeembris
.lEtatis sure LXIV, Annoqe domini MDCCXIII.






Was the son of John Powell of Wrexham, and nephew
of Bishop Fleetwood. He was educated at Eton and
Jesus College, Oxford, where he matriculated IGth
March, 1684, aged 18 ; was Vicar of this parish and
Rector of Llanymynech 1713, and appointed Dean oi
St. Asaph and sinecure Rector of Hope in 1731.


Was the son of Thomas Worthington, of Llanwnog, in
the County of Montgomery. Educated at the
Oswestry Grammar School ; matriculated at Jesus
College, Oxford, 9th May, 1722, aged 18 ; took his
degree of B.A. 22iid February, 1725-6 ; M.A. from St.
John's College, Cambridge, Incorporated 14th July, 1730;
re-incorporated at Jesus College, Oxford,3rd July, 1 758,
-and proceeded B.D. and D.D. lOth July that year;
was appointed by Bishop Hare to this parish in 1729.
He subsequently held several important livings,
including that of Llanrhaiadr yn Mochnant, where lie
resided about 33 years. He was Prebendary of Meifod
in St. Asaph Cathedral and Chaplain to Bishop Drum-
mond, on whose translation to the see of York, Dr.
Worthington was given a prebendal stall in that
Cathedral. He died, aged 74, unmarried, at
Llanrhaiadr yn Mochnant m October 1778, and was
buried tbei-e. He was exceedingly charitable and
benevolent, and wrote numerous books on theological


Was born at Osbaston, Kinnerley. Matriculated at
Jesus College, Oxford, 17th March, 1725-fi, age 17,
where he took his B.A. in 1729 and M.A. in 1751 ; was
Vicar of St. Martin's in 1745; Canon of St. Asaph
1746 ; Vicar of Corwen 1747 ; but in the same year
exchanged that appointment for Llanyblodwel ; per-
petual Curate of Morton 1753, and Vicar of GuilsHeld
1755. He resided some time at Fyrnwy Bank House,






Llanymynech, and was buried in the Parish Church
there, where there is a monument bearing this
inscription : —

Sacred to the memory of Randolph Parry of Osbaston in the
County of Salop A.M. Vicar of Giiilsfiefd and one of tho
Canons of St. Asaph. He died 21st March, 1769 aged GO.


(of Elegaergeiliog, Mont).

On the floor of the chancel of Llanyblodwel Church
is a stone inscribed :—

In Memory of the late Rev. David Evans, Vicar of Llany-
blodwel, who departed this life April 25th, 1798, aged 58.

Descended from a family of Dwn or Donne, 12th in
descent from the Welsh Prince Rhys ap Tewdwr, was
born at Llanfihangel, Rhydithoii. Radnorshire, on 14th
February, 1764. He leceived the elements of learning
from the Uev. David Lloyd, Vicar of Llanbister, and
from the Rev. William Whalley, Master of the
Grammar School, Kington, Herefordshire. Became a
member of St. John's College, Cambridge, in 1784, and
took the degree of B.A. in 1788, M.A. in 1792 and
D.D. by accumulation in 1825. On completing his
residence at Cambridge in 1788 he became usher in the
school of the Rev Dr. Thomson at Kennington, was
ordained deacon, and became curate of Kington in 1790.
and received priest's orders in tiiK following year. In
1793 he married Caroline, daughter of Mr, John
Thomson, a merchant in Edinburgh, who died in 1796.
In 1794 he became second master of King^ School,
Chester, and also officiated as Curate at Eccleston,
, near that city. In February, 1796, he was appointed
Minor Canon of Chester Cathedial, and soon afceiwards
succeeded to the Mastership of the Grammar School at
Oswestry, to which he was appointed by Bishop Bagot
of St. Asaph. In 1798 he was collate by the same
Bishop to the Vicarage of Llanyblodwel, and in the
same year married his second wife Alice, eldest







daughter of Mi. John Croxon, of Oswestry. He was
Mayor of Oswestry in 1805, and Deputy-Mayor for Sir
Watkin W. Wynii, Bt, in 1832-3. He continued
Master of Oswestry School for 36 years, when he
resigned from advanced age, and in 1833 I'emoved to
Llanyblodwel, where he had a short time previously
erected a vicaiage house. He died there 23ra January,
1844. A handsome stained glass window was placed
to his memory in the east end of the church.


Was the only son of Mr. John Foulkes of Camo, High
Sheriff oi Montgomeryshire in 1846, Justice of tne
Peace for the Counties of Montgomery and Merioneth,
descended from tVie very ancient family of Lloyd
of Rhiwaedog and Plasyndref, Bala, and was horn on
the 30th August 1816. He entered Queen's College,
Cambridge, where he took his degree of B.A. in 1840
and M.A. in 1 846 ; ordained deacon in I 840 and priest
in 1843. He married iOtti February, 1840, Mary,
daughter of Mr. Faithful Thomas, a distinguished
antiquary of Chester; «as Curate of Knockin from
1843 to I860, when he was appointed to succeed the
Rev, John Parker as Vicar of this parish. He resigned
the living in 1892, and went to reside in Chester,
where he died 31st March, 1895, and was buried at
Llanyblodwel, in which church there is a brass tablet to
his memory, the inscription thereon being recorded
on page 59. He will be remembered for his
attachment to Evangelical principles, and was
as stated by one writer, " a fervent hater of anything
that he thought might lead to Puseyite practices."
He always exchanged his white surplice for a black
gown before entering the pulpit.


Born in 1833, was the son of Mr. James Owen, of
Ueytheur, Llansantffraid. He received his early
education at the National School, Llanidloes, and,
having gained a Queen's Scholarship entered Culham






Tiaiiung College for Teachers, where he obtained first
class honours ; was head master of Llanllechid
National School, and whilst there studied for his
<legree, takinj^ his B.A. at Trinity College, Duhlin, in
1871, and 1VI.A. in 1878; oi-damed deacon by the
Bishop of Bangor in 1871, and priest in 1^72;
appointed Curate of Llanwnog iu 1871, and of Holy
Trinity, Oswestry, in 1875 ; made Diocesan Inspector
ot Schools for St. Asaph in 1876 ; appointed Rector of
Efenechtyd in 1881, and succeeded the Rev, T. B.
Foulkes as Vicar of this parish in 1892, which he
held until his death in 1898. He delighted greatly in
antiquarian researches, and in addition to the works
enumerated on page 55 he contributed numerous
articles to the Arclxeologia Cainhrpiisisf The Antiquary,
Mu^ifgomeryshire CoUectiun.'^ (of which he was for some
timt^ joint editor), The Reluptary, and similar publica-
tions. He was elected a Fellow of the Society of
Antiquaries in 1890, and arrangements were being
made just at the time of his death (which was some-
what sudden) for conferring upon him the degree of
LL D. (honoris causa) of his old university.


The present vicar, was born in 1864, at New Quay,
Cardiganshire ; educated at the Carmarthen Grammar
School and St. David's College, Lampeter, where he
was an exhibitioner in 1883-6 ; graduated B.A. in
1886 ; ordained deacon by Bishop Hughes at St Asaph
in 1886 and priest in 1887 ; was Curate of Llanrwst
with Canon (afterwards Archdeacon) Hugh Jones from
1886 to 1888, when he took charge of Cefn, St. Asaph,
. for about six months, when he left for the Curacy of
Llanyblodwel, where he remained till 1892. In that
year he was presented by Sir Watkin Williams Wynn,
Bart., to the living of Llwydiarth, which he held until
1899, when the Bishop presented him to the living of
this pai-ish. He has published several pieces of music,
and la the author of Life at I2anthony Abbey. He





was awai-ded the prize at the National Eisteddfod in
1905 for a Welsh tianslation of Herlteit Spencer's
Essay on Education.

Independe^ds or Congregatiinialiftts.

A small meeting house used to stand in a recess,
near to what was formerly known as the Mouse Trap Inn,
but now a cottage dwelling, on the left side of the road
leading from Porthywaen to Treflach, and about 50
yards from the Old Toll House, but when built and by
whom the services were first conducted there is
nothing on record. The Rev. John Blodwel Griffiths,
known as John Griffiths the preacher, a native of
Kinnerley, for some time connected with Carr's Lane
Chapel, Birmingham, and afterwards pastor of
Dovaston, Domgay and Pant Chapels, but residing in
this parish and occupying a small farm in the valley
between Porthywaen and Nantmawr, appears to have
ministered there in English, John Davies of Porthywaen
beina; the acting deacon at the same time. The
building fell into decay some sixty years ago, and
meetings weie for a shore time afterwards held at the
house of William Tunley, who was a local preacher,
but the Primitive Methodists having commenced to
worship in a house near, the services were relinquished,
and the members appear to have joined the latter
body. Mr. Grifliths died in 1865.

Through the efibrts of Thomas Davies of Penybont
Mill and others, preacliing in Welsh was coninieneed
in a dwelling house at Nantmawr, called " White-
house," occupied by John Morris ; after going from
house to house in that nelghtbourhood, Wiluam Tanat
of the Rock built a chapel in 1830, on a piece of land at
Nantmawr, which he leased from the Earl of Powis,
and rented it to the members for £2 a year. The
formal opening took place on June 9th and 10th, 1831,
the minister m charge, Rev. Edward Davies, having
previously named the building "Symyrna," Pxiward






Davies was a native of this parish, and was born
in 178G. He Is deserving of mention for the good
service he rendered to religion in the early days of the
nineteenth century He was ordained at a place
called " Cutiau," in 1818, and for some years he
laboured with acceptance in Merionethshire. After
that he preached at Nantmawr and Sychtyn, and other
neighbouring hamlets, but he was never eminent as a
public speaker, although an earnest und untiring worker,
and " for his work's sake " he seemed to lie respected
and followed by many who had lieretofore been utterly
careless about spiritual matters (Border Cvuntiea
Worthies). He died in 1843, and a metal tablet to bis
memory was fixed on the pulpit, which stood in
Symyrna, bearing the following inscription : —

Sacred to the Memory of


Minister of Symyrna Chapel.

Ho died November 14th, 1843.

Afjed 57.

Owing to the inadequacy of the building Symyrna,
a suitable site, nearly opposite to the old chapel, but in
the parish of Oswestry, was purchased in 1873, and on
the 3rd August, 1875, the members left their meeting
house in this parish for the new edifice, built to
accommodate •240, and costing (with schoolroom below,
a manse, school-house, fence walls, &c.) upwards of
.£3,000, the greater part of which was collected by the
then pastor, Kev. James Bowen. The services until
about this date were entirely in Welsh, but now a
Welsh sermon is given every alternate Sunday onl)'.
The present pastor is the Rev. John Howell.

The Primihre Methodi.^it.s.
Commenced alx)ut sixty years ago at the house of
John and Jenny Gabriel, Porthywaen, in connection
with the Oswestry Circuit, which supplied the





Gabriels' successors allowed the services to be
conducted in the same house until the opening of the
chapel in 1865, the site for which was given by Mr.
Francis Griffiths, gi-ocer. The chapel forms pai't of
the Llanymynech Circuit, of which the Rev. J.
Holland is superintendent.

Wedeyan Methodiits.

Their first meeting was conducted by Thoni:is Clayton
of Glanyrafon, at the house of Richard Roberts, Tai
Cochion, Cefnblodwel, afterwards in a cottage occtipied
by Thomas Cadwaladr, neai- Ty Di-aw. Bryn, A piece
of ground at Cefnblodwel waa secured from Mr Watkin,
the owner of Ty Draw, upon which, in 1840, a small
chapel was erected. Some additional land was generously
given by Mr. Watkins's successor, Mrs. Moreton,
Penybont Mill farm, in 1863, when the chapel wau
re-built to accommodate about 220 persons. Some
additions and Internal improvements have subsequently
been carried out. The services (from the commence-
ment) have been exclusively Welsh. The surplus land
belonging was formed into a graveyard, about six
years ago. The chapel is registered lor the solemniz-
ation of matrimony.

Through the instrumentality of the Rev. Edward
Humphreys (whose early days were spent at Nantmawr,
in this parish) and Mr Edward Evans of Llynclys,
a small chapel for the convenience of the members from
Cefnblodwel and other Welsh people in the neighbour-
hood, was erected on part of Llynclys Hill, near the
main road leading nom Porthywaen to Llynclys.
The chapel was opened on October 3rd, 1892, and the
services here are also conducted in Welsh.

Both places are now under the care of the Rev. T, C.
Roberts of Oswestry.

XX. Schools.

The first school, called the " Blodwel Charity
School," stands over the vestry at the west end of the






north aisle of tlie church, and according to an
inscription on a stone built into the west wall " was
erected a.d, 1719."

The master resided in an upper room until 1828,
when, owing to the roof having become dilapidated, he
was put in residence at a cottage standing close to the
end of Llanyblodwel bridge, called " Bridge House,"
wheie the teaching was also curried on during the
alterations. The .school building was re-roofed, and
new windows put in to correspond with those of
the church. The master, however, remained at the
cottage, and his family are there to this day. As the
buildmg was much too small for the wants of the
district, a new school, of an ornamental design, with a
master's house corresponding were erected in 1859, at
a short distance east of the church, at the sole cost
of the Rev. John Parker, the Vicar, on land given by
the Earl of Bradfoi-d.

Bv Dcod beiiriiig ilate 24'" August 1753 and made between
Judith Bridceiuiiii of the Parish of St Marjlcboiio in the
County of Middlesex Spinster the sur\-iviiitr acting ExcMitris
of the last Will and Testament of Sir John Bridgeman late <n"
Castle Broiiiwi(;h in the CoiiTity of Warwick Baronet deceased
of the tirst part, Richiini Davies of Llyneklis in the Parish of
Llauyblodwoll in the County of Salop and William Richanls
of Brynii in the Parish of Llaiivbtodwell aforesaid the present
Churehwanieiis of the said Parish of Llauyblodwell and John
Roberts of Bloilwell and Edward Morri.s of AbbortJinnflt the
present Overseers of the Poor of the said Parish of Llanyblod-
well of the second iwrt and Sir Orlando Bndgenmn of Castli-
Bromwieh aforesaid Baronet : Henry Bridgom an Es<|iiirc oklesi
son of the said Sir Orkndo Bridffemaii, the Reverend Randle
Parry, Clerk, Minister of tbo said Parish of Llanyblodwell, John
Hayward of tiie Township of Llanyblodwell in the same Parish

Sintlenian, Thomas I']<lwards of the same place yeoman Joliii
ughes of tile same place vcoman Richard Jennings of Lh'ncklis
aforesaiil veoinan and John Jones of Brynn aforesaid yeoman
of the third part, the .sum of one hundred pounds left some
vears previously by Mrs Sinah Matthews of Blodwcl (Mother
of Dame Ursula Bridgeman) and one hundred pounds from Sir
John Bridgeman (th(!n deceased) were augmented by a further
sum of one hundred pounds by Judith Hiidgemaa making





,t:!00 which was invested in South Sea Stock and conveyed to
Ehuso named in the second and third parts thereto upon trust
(hat three fourths of thcTntcrest or Dividends arising tnerefrom
should be for ever api)]icd to the better provision and support
of an Knj'lish Sehoolnnister otficiiiting for the time being m the
School adjoining to the Parish Chureh of Llanyblodwell for
teaching of such Boys and Girls to rea<l inhabiting within the
said three tovmships of Llynekhs Brynn and Blotlwell, the
number of such children not at any time to exceed fifteen and
wore to be nominated bv the heir or heirs of Blodwell for the
time being. The remaining one fourth of the income from
such investment to be employetl in and for the repairs and
support of the said School. In 18C8 the principal of £300 was
invest^Jd in (.'onsols to tlie value of £320 7/- by the Trustees of
( 'harit4ible Funds an<l the income therefrom amounts to about
Eight pounds a year.

List of Masters and MiMresses (Iricomjilete).
Kichaid Williams, 1803.
John Davies, 1807 — 1838.

' Stephens.

John Evans, 183!).

John Watkiii.

William Roberts.

Richard Morris.

William Hughes.

Matthew Roberts, 1848—1862.

Heniy Glascodine, 1862—1870.

W. .J. Pickworth, 1870—1872.

W. G. Bend, 1872-3.

Richard Dudley.

Edward Rowland.

Mary Trotter.

(Miss) Lewis.

William Davies.

The old school has been fitted up with a select
library, and the members of the Village Club meet
therein for reading and games.


To accommodate the children of* the east end of the
parish a spacious school, with a master's house


in 10



36 10






, attached, was erected at Porthywaen in 1839, on land
leased from the Earl of Powis for 99 years, at a rent of

28 6d. a year, the work being carried out by

Pugh of Meifod and Richard Owen, Nantmawr, at
a cost of £318, in addition to stones and lime given by
Messrs. Lewis, Newill and Williams, and one day's
work each by several labourers. The expenditure was
defrayed by

Subscriptions and donations

Treasury Grant

National Society

Small contributions, and large)
deficit made good by Dr. Donnef

In order to meet the increased popiilation of the
district and the requirements of the Education Depart-
ment, it was found necessary, during the incumbency of
the Rev. Elias Owen, to convert the master's house
into class-rooms.

Divine Services have been held in this school since its
erection, and a chancel was added thereto in 1870.

lAst of Masters.
John Evans.

John Howell, 1844—1884.
Francis John Davies.
J. E. Mullett.
Aubrey Thomas.
William Davies.
David Rees Thomas.


The children of this district, which is north-west of
Blodwel, receive their education since 187G in a
British School, which stands a few yards beyond the
boundary line of the pai'ish in Trefonen, and is under
the joint management of residents in this and the
Oswestry parish.





XXI. Flora.

The variety ot the soil of the parish affords an

exceedingly rich field for the Botanist, and the

majority of the following, aomewbat rare plants,

grow plenteously : —

Clematis Vitalba (Traveller's Joy), Ranunculus Aquatilis
(Water Crovrfoot), Ranunculus Sceleratus (Celery Leaved
Crowfoot), Nymphcea Alba (White Water Lily), Nupnar Lutea
(Yellow Water Lily) Rese<la Luteola (Dyer's Rocket), Geranium
Phieum (Dusky Crane's Bill), Geranium Pyrenaicum
(Mountain Crane's Rill), (leuista Trictoria (Dyer's Green
Wee<l), Sedum Tclephium (Orpine), Coiiium Maoulatum
(Hemlock), Feniculum Vulgare (Fennel), Viburnum Opelus
(Guelder Rose), Galium Verum (Yellow Bedstraw), Centranthus
Ruber (Red Spur Valerian), Tn^opwon Pratensis (Yellow
Goat's Beard), Erigei-on Acris (Blue Flea Bane). Tanacetum
Vulgare (Common Tansy), Inula Conysa (Ploughman's
Spikenard), Senecio A(iuaticus (Marsh R^ Wort) Cammnula
Trachelium (Nettle-leaved Bell Flower), Visica Minor (Lesser
Perewinkle), Verbena Officinalis (Ver\'ain), Echium Vulgare
(Viper's Bugloss), Euphorbia Esigua (Dwarf Spurge), Cyno-
glossum Oflicinale (Houn<ls Tongue), Scirpus Lacustris (Lake
Club-rugh), Eriophorum Polystachyon (Cotton Grass), Carex
Pulicaris (Flea Sedge>, Carex Vulpina ((Jreat Sedge), Carex
Divulsa (Grev Sedge), Carex Rigida (Rigid Sedge), Carex
Limosa (MuJ SwU^), Polypodium (Conmion Polypody). Las-
trea Filix-nias (Male Fern), Aspleuium Ruta-muraria (Wall
Rue), Scolopendriuni Vulgare (Hart's Tongue), Asplenium
Adiantum- nigrum (Black Spleenwort), Ptcris Aquilina
(Bracken), Bleehnum Spicant (Hard Fern), Asplenium Tricho-
manes (Maidenhair Spleenwort), Ccteraeh Ofhcinariim (Scale
Fern), Lastrea Oi-eopteris (Mountain Buckler Fern), Athyrium
Filix Fcomina (Lady Fern), Bleebmira Borealo (Northern Hard
Fern), Ophioglossum Vulgatum (Adder's Tongue).

Grrasses. — Found by the writer on one farm only
(Blodwel HaU).

Phalaris Arundinacea (Reed Canary Grass), Anthoxanthum
Odoratum (Sweet Vernal), Phieum -Pratense (Timothy), Alo-
pecums Pratensis (Meadow, Alopecurus Gcniculatus
(Floating Fox tail), Agroatis Vulgaris (Fine Bent Grass), Agrostis
Alba (Marsh Bent Grass), Arundo Phragmitus (Common Reed),
Aira Flexuoaa ( Wavedhair Grass), Aira C'arophyllea (Silver Hair
Grass), Avena Elatior (Oatlike Grass), Avena Flavescens (Yel-






low Oat Grass), Holcus Lanatus (Jloaclow Soft Gross), Holct^-
Mollis (Creeping Grass), Triodia Decumbens (Decumbent Heath
Grass), Glyceria Fluitaiis (Maiina Croup), Siilerochloa Distaii>
(Reflexed Meadow Grass), Poa Annua (Annual Mca^low Grassi.
Poa Pratensis (Smooth Meadow GrassX Briza Media (Quakiii;;
Grass), Festuca PratcnsiH (Mea<low Feseuc), Tritieum Repciu-
(Siiuiteh), Loliuni Pciviiiio (Pcrrenial Rve Grass), Xarduf
Strieta (Small Jfatwrcd). Mclira Uniflora (VVood Melick Grassj
DaiHylis Glonicrata ((Jockstbot), Loncia Italicum (Italian Rye
Grass!, Poii Pluitaiis (Floating Meadow Grass), Molinia Ccjerultti
(Purplo Melic Grassi, Lynosorns Cristatus (Crested Foxtail).
Bromus Arvcnais (FieKl Bromc Crrass), Biomus Mollis (Soft
Brome Grass), Bromua Asper (Hairj' Wood Brome Gra-ssi.
Bromus Stcrilis (Soft Bromo Grass), Festuca Diirnisoula {Hard
Fescue), Catebrosa A<juatic«. (Water Whorl Grass), Aim
Ca}spitosa (Tufted Hair Grass), Festucjv Holiacea ( Darnel-
leaved Fescue).

XXII. Present (l'900.)
Representative in Pai'liament (Western Divisioo of
SInopshire) —

Stanley Leighton, Esq.. M.A, F.S.A
Sweeney Hall
Representative in County Council (the district
comprising the united j>arishes of Llanyblodwel, I-lanv-
mynech, Knoekin, Kinnerley, Melverley and Weist

Edward Broughall, Esq.,

Wykey House,

District Councillor and Guardian —

John Richards, Esq., J.P.,
Parish Council.
President — Mrs. Leslie, Bryn Tauat.
Nine Members —
[Mr- J W. Ward, Blodwel Hall.
Blodwel 1 „ Sampson Edwards, Porthywaen.
Wai'd. ] „ .1. J. Ellis, Brynyiiroes (who also
1 acts as r







f„ John Pugh.Uvnclys Hill.
Llynclys. -| „ Thomas Jones, Llynclvs Hill.

[ „ David Williams, Llynclys Hill.
Abertahat ( „ E. A. Whitfield, Abertanat Hall,
and ] „ John Griffiths, Garth Uchaf.
Bryn. 1^ „ Wm. Jonea, Glanyrafon.
Mr. Edwaitl Evans, Llynclys.
„ John Griffiths, Garth Uchaf.
,, Robert Jones, Biyu (Assistant Overseer).


MoHUjiniwryshiyi- CuUe.-tiom, Vol. XXXIV. Part I.

Page 9, last line, for "grandfather"' read "great-

Pa^e 46— for " Kohert Matthews " read " Roger





a A / æ Æ / e E / ɛ Ɛ / i I / o O / u U / w W / y Y /
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ă Ă / ĕ Ĕ / ĭ Ĭ / ŏ Ŏ / ŭ Ŭ /
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ʌ /

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