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La Web de Galles i Catalunya


Geiriadur Saesneg a Chymraeg Caerfallwch (1850)
Caerfallwchs English-Welsh Dictionary (1850)

LLYTHYREN I
LETTER I


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Caerfallwch oedd ffugenw Thomas Edwards (1779-1858), a anwyd ym mhentref Caerfallwch (heddiw Rhosesmor SJ2168) yn Sir Y Fflint. Fei haddysgodd ei hun pan oedd yn brentis cyfrwywr yn Yr Wyddgrug; wedyn yn y flwyddyn 1803 symudodd i fyw i Lundain i weithio fel clerc. Edmygair geiriadurwr hynod William Owen-Pughe, y cyhoeddwyd ei eiriadur Cymraeg-Saesneg mewn rhannau pan oedd Caerfallwch yn ei arddegau diweddar ac ugeiniau cynnar. Yr oedd Caerfallwch yn awyddus i greu geirfa Gymraeg ar gyfer meysydd masnach, diwydiant, ar gwyddorau. Ni dderbyniwyd y rhan fwyaf oi fathiadau; serch hynny, mae dyrnaid ohonynt yn eiriau hanfodol yn y Gymraeg heddiw (pwyllgor, buddsoddi, safon, cyngerdd, nwy, hirgrwn).

 

Nid oes fawr o werth iw eiriadur erbyn heddiw, ond yr ŷm ni wedi ei atgynhyrchu ar ffurf testun electronig er mwyn gwneud yn fwy hysbys gyfraniad Caerfallwch i eiriaduraeth yn y Gymraeg.

 

Caerfallwch was the pseudonym of Thomas Edwards (1779-1858), who was born in the village of Caerfallwch (now Rhosesmor SJ2168) in the county of Y Fflint, north-east Wales. Self-educated, he was a saddlers apprentice in Yr Wyddgrug before moving to London in 1803 to work as a clerk. He was an admirer of the eccentric lexicographer William Owen-Pughe, whose Welsh-English dictionary had been published in parts when Caerfallwch was in his late teens and early twenties. Caerfallwch was keen to create Welsh vocabulary in the fields of commerce and industry and the sciences. Most of his creations were not taken into the language - a handful though are now indispensible words in the modern language (pwyllgor = committee, buddsoddi = invest, safon = standard, cyngerdd = concert, nwy = gas, hirgrwn = oval).

 

His dictionary is of little value today, but we have reproduced it in electronic text so that Caerfallwchs contribution to Welsh lexicography is better known.

 

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